The team modelling the conditions of the space hurricane to pinpoint the cause of the 'plasma ruckus'.
NASA funds five 'concept mission' studies to the Sun; two will be chosen to carry out their missions
The five shortlisted proposals are will each receive $1.25 million from NASA to carry out a nine-month mission concept study.
Massive sunspot is turning towards Earth this can result in major solar flares that can effect electrical systems
These sunspots occur on the photosphere region of the sun and can be huge in size - up to 50,000 kilometres in diameter
Hot plasma can be seen, rising, cooling off and sinking below the surface in dark lanes, in a process called convection.
The mission's goals are to find how our Sun works, investigate the Sun-Earth connection and help us understand space weather.
Ths satellite wil last for 2 years and first data from this satellite is expected to come through by November 2019.
The Sun's particles known as solar wind creates a dynamic system of radiation called space weather.
From a million high-contrast images, the team has helped understand flares, space weather better.
India made headlines in fields ranging from nanotechnology to space weather during the year.
Space weather can disrupt electronics, aviation and satellite systems and communications.
Indian and British astronomers predict the shape of the Sun's Corona during the August Solar Eclipse
If the prediction comes true, it will mark a major scientific achievement and could facilitate forecasting of space weather in future.
They hope that eventually, space weather forecasting will become as reliable as today's winter storm warnings.