The Artemis base camp will need infrastructure for power, waste disposal and communications, besides radiation shielding and a landing pad.
The space agency has put forward a plan showing what a US lunar presence may look like after the milestone.
After 2 years of basic astronaut training, the new batch is ready to train at the ISS and for the Artemis program after graduating 10 January 2020.
The Artemis mission will also feature an unpressurized rover for astronauts to move around faster in.
The lunar space station US intends to build will have a lifetime of at least 15 years, the NASA chief said.
Three NASA astronauts spent three days living inside each of the space habitat prototypes.
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center will serve as HQ for the space agency's Artemis programme to put astronauts back on the moon by 2024.
Chandrayaan 2 is set to make India the fourth country, in the world, to land a man-made object on the moon.
The exercise aimed to test the evacuation of astronauts from the Orion capsule in the event of a mishap.
Three American firms have been tasked with sending instruments & equipment to the Moon for the Artemis program.
Five launches will carry building blocks for the Gateway — a staging point for the Moon landing.
NASA is aiming to herald a new era in manned space exploration (a second time) under a tight, 5-year deadline.
Artemis is still in very early stages of planning, and yet to receive Congress's approval for funding.
Swirls on the moon seem to be a kind of sunburn from how solar wind & the crust magnetic field interact.