Four states in south India account for about 50 percent of the HIV cases in the country, according to the Ministry of health and family welfare.
According to this report in The Times of India, the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Karnataka make up around half the HIV cases. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have the highest number of people suffering from HIV, with 1.7 lakh affected.
The report also said that even though northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh had a larger population and were greater in area, the number of HIV cases recorded was lesser than those in the southern states. Maharashtra has 1.43 lakh people suffering from HIV, the second-highest number after Andhra Pradesh.
However, the number of new HIV infections in India has come down by 57 percent and related deaths by 25 percent in the last decade, according to PTI, with the government now working to achieve the ambitious global goals of zero new infection and death by raising awareness and boosting preventive methods.
On World AIDS Day, Union Health Minister JP Nadda on Monday sought people's involvement to make the mission success, saying governments or NGOs alone cannot deal with the challenge successfully.
Launching the helpline number - 1097, a digital resource centre and a supply chain management system for HIV patients, Nadda said, "It's the work of every individual to come out and fight it (HIV) out. There should be zero discrimination against people with HIV. This should be our commitment."
Stressing on the importance of "restraint" and "precaution", he said it was time for people to consider their lifestyle, noting that preventive health care has become important after an era when it was considered that antibiotics can "cure everything".
"We should be working on two fronts. We should be aware and put special emphasis on prevention and help those living with HIV and AIDS so that they face no discrimination," he said in his address.
Health Ministry, he said, had signed MoUs with 11 central ministries for better coordination in tackling AIDS and MoUs with five more ministries are in pipeline. "The work involves bringing on board 28 ministries," he said.
The first HIV positive person was reported in 1986 in India which currently has 2.1 million affected people, the third highest in the world even as the country's efforts in restricting its spread is considered a success by most.
Health Secretary Lov Verma said HIV-related deaths have come down by 30 percent since 2007.
UNAIDS Country Coordinator Oussama Tawil said India should work to ensure that 90 percent of people with HIV should know that they suffer from this condition, 90 percent of them should be covered by treatment and 90 percent of those being treated should have a positive health impact on their lives.
(With inputs from PTI)
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Updated Date: Dec 01, 2014 16:21:14 IST