Mumbai's corporators complain of being 'kept out of loop' by BMC in COVID-19 fight

Assistant municipal commissioners insist that they understand the significance of corporators to neighbourhoods and have not sidelined them.

Apekshita Varshney / August 09, 2020 14:09:22 IST
Mumbai's corporators complain of being 'kept out of loop' by BMC in COVID-19 fight

Tulip Brian Miranda, a corporator of Mumbai’s H-East ward’s Kalina, has been running a community kitchen since the enforcement of the lockdown. Every day, she distributes 1,000 food packets to needy families. But when the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Maharashtra government decided to initiate food distribution, Miranda wasn’t consulted about the diversity of her ward.

“I was simply asked to inform them what my requirements were,” said Miranda, a member of Indian National Congress party.

As the local area representatives, corporators are imagined to be a citizen’s first point of redressal over an inaccessible MLA or MP, but in Mumbai, the municipal corporation officers hold far more power.

Miranda is one of 227 local corporators elected by 12.5 million Mumbaikars every municipal election. The city’s 227 wards are grouped into 24 municipal wards headed by assistant municipal commissioners, who are bureaucratic appointees and not elected representatives.

“We have been totally sidelined,” Miranda said. “Whatever decisions have been taken, they (BMC) have not even intimated us. We have not been kept in the loop.”

The city also has deputy municipal commissioners, who oversee departments such as health, education, environment, among others. The additional municipal commissioners work as department heads, and finally, at the helm is the municipal commissioner. All of whom derive their power from the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888.

When citizens repeatedly complained to Corporator Miranda about the unavailability of rations, it led her to question the efficacy of the BMC officials during the pandemic. “I know every nook and corner of my ward and have my own volunteers. If we were entrusted with the job (of food distribution), we would have done it categorically with analysis of what area requires how much (food).”

Like Miranda, Harish Chheda, a BJP corporator of the R-North ward’s Mandpeshwar colony, agrees that the corporator’s role has been limited. He was asked to enlist those residents in his ward who don’t have ration cards. But, he said, “Out of 1,000, BMC has only distributed about 25 kits so far,” putting the onus of follow-ups on him.

Effective COVID-19 management requires coordination with the elected representatives. “But unfortunately”, Chheda said, “since the lockdown, there hasn’t been a single council meeting. The administration hasn’t even tried to take opinions from the local representative.”

A corporator typically attends various council or General Body Meetings (GBMs) of the corporation, along with other departmental or committee meetings that he or she is part of.

Politician vs bureaucrat

On 14 March, the state government issued a notification under the colonial Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, giving BMC’s municipal commissioner, typically a senior IAS officer, more power in order to control the pandemic.

According to the administration’s current structure, at any given ward across the city, it is the municipal commissioner and the assistant municipal commissioners that are spearheading the fight against COVID-19.

In order to manage the pandemic, BMC broke down their response from a centralised process to decentralised ward control rooms. But corporators were not a part of these rooms.

In fact, in the absence of meetings or city-wide consultation, a corporator’s role during the pandemic is largely determined by their own initiative. “The administration is stretched,” Asif Zakaria, an INC corporator for H-West ward’s Bandra Talao area, said.

“As elected representatives, we should have more power, but as (at the moment) we can only recommend, suggest, propose while the administration executes. We should make the best of the existing resources.”

Zakaria believes that his job is to connect the people and the administration, and to do so, he has been “self-driven”, consistently approaching the assistant municipal commissioner of his ward with enquiries and suggestions.

Many corporators around the city have accepted their primary role as a coordinator between the citizens and the administration, trying to make most of the status quo.

Broad view

Praja Foundation, a non-governmental organisation focussed on accountable governance, has been distributing relief material across the city, and 95 percent of their relief work has been possible through the help from  corporators. “We undervalue their role but they are the people who can be most effective in times of crisis,” said Milind Mhaske, director, Praja Foundation.

In an ideal scenario, the council, the health committees, the ward committees would have met regularly, but corporators have done a lot on their own initiative, said Mhaske. “But they're not allowed to do anything in their capacity as elected officials.” he added.

The problem is indicative of the challenges with city governance in India. “Technically, the council (comprising of elected officials) should have led policy-making and decision making, but across the country, we have administrators who have taken decisions without having local knowledge,” Mhaske said.

The power lies with the commissioner and not the council.

The council hasn’t met to pass resolutions or make budget provisions since February. Instead, on 20 April, BMC issued a notification allowing corporators to spend Rs 10 lakh from their fund for PPE kits, sanitisers, masks, and other materials related to COVID-19 relief.

Mhaske calls it “a disposable amount” which deflects focus from the main issue which is the elephantine BMC budget.

Corporators across the city, however, have used the fund for various purposes. Sujata Patekar, a Shiv Sena Corporator from R-North’s Ekta Nagar area, used the money to provide oxygen cylinders to a hospital, to distribute sanitisers, masks to anganwadi workers, and oxygen metres to buildings.

Patekar believes that corporators and administration are “two wheels of the same cart” and need to work together.

Another Sena corporator, Rajul Patel, of K-West ward’s MHADA colony area, said that the burden on the BMC is immense. “And if because of that responsibility, they didn’t interact with us, we’re not angry about it.”

But that has not stopped residents from seeking answers from their corporators. “Residents approached Rutuja Tiwari, Mumbai’s M-East ward’s corporator, but after a dissatisfying response, they’ve been reliant on local activists and charities,” said Balasaheb Sable, a citizen of Maharashtra Nagar.

Throughout April and May, Sable had been distributing food packets in Mumbai’s M-East ward. The government, too, distributed khichdi, but in the patchwork of chawls, Slum Rehabilitation Aurhority buildings and slums. “Food was not reaching everyone,” said Sable.

Radha Vijayan Nair of Kandivali’s (East) Lokhandwala Township, said corporators are focused on slums and not buildings. “We tried to reach her (Corporator Surekha Patil) for some help but she wasn’t available.”

Assistant municipal commissioners insist that they understand the significance of corporators to neighbourhoods and have not sidelined them.

“We are working together,” Sandhya Nandekar, the assistant municipal commissioner for R-North ward, said. “We have had zoom meetings with them, told them about our actions and taken their suggestions. The relief material has gone through corporators. Their volunteers are helping us find symptomatic patients in slums.”

Prashant Sapkale, assistant municipal commissioner of K-East ward, also said that corporators have helped in high-risk contact tracing. “I’ve been in touch with all 14 of my corporators on a daily basis. They’re not only involved in relief work but also in day-to-day operations.”

Missing link

If at the beginning of the lockdown, citizens found it challenging to access information, elected corporators or local representatives didn’t seem to fare any better.

Miranda said information about which patient in her ward was admitted in hospitals or who was discharged wasn’t made available.  Her ward’s assistant municipal commissioner, the late Ashok Khairnar, made it accessible only after a request.

But the same secrecy was maintained even when the corporation created a COVID-19 camp for the police at the Mumbai University campus. “They don’t correspond or coordinate with me unless I have an issue and I reach out to them,” Miranda said.

Miranda’s role, then, like of all other corporators, has been of coordination. She has been the eyes of the neighbourhood. When she noticed people filling the streets, she insisted that Ashok Khairnar enforce a stricter lockdown,

Chedda, too, noticed how the antiviral Remdesivir injections were not available at BMC hospitals and wrote to the commissioner. He uses this as an example to illustrate how corporators have direct contact with people and their problems.

“No one can be more active in a ward than a corporator,” he said, adding that they be used a lot more. The last council meeting with corporators was held in February. “My suggestion is that there be a meeting as soon as possible.”

This article was first published in Citizen Matters, a civic media website and is republished here with permission. (c) Oorvani Foundation/Open Media Initiative.


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