On 15 February this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a new scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Mandhan Pension (PM-SYM), with a mandate to provide pensions for those who work in the informal sector of the economy. Workers between the age of 18 and 40 are eligible for this scheme, if they earn less than Rs 15,000 a month. In order to avail this voluntary and contributory pension scheme, workers will have to deposit Rs 55-200 rupees into their bank accounts every month. After the beneficiary turns 60, a monthly pension of Rs 3000 will be transacted into their accounts.
PM Modi’s “gift of a strong future” – as worded in the advert for the scheme – is said to have already enrolled a record number of future pensioners in its ambit, in a mere 25 days. But skepticism around the scheme is simmering in rural Chitrakoot in Uttar Pradesh, the country’s most populous state.
Take Vidola for instance, a cook in the kitchen of a local school in Mau, who expressed her confusion on the finer points of this scheme: “I get Rs 1000 every month in my bank account, as my salary. Even that is irregular, sometimes I get it and sometimes I don’t. So I don’t always manage to have money in my account.” She adds, “If there is no money in my account, what will they cut?” Vidola's question is one among many that linger in the aftermath of the PM-SYM scheme’s announcement, since the finer details are yet to be disclosed.
Triveni Sinha, another Mau resident had an issue with the eligibility criteria. “I think the age window for eligibility should be 30-40 years,” he said, “18-year-olds aren’t mature enough. They do not have a source of income nor is it their age to earn. So it just doesn’t make sense.”
One resounding concern expressed by many was about the timing of the announcement of the scheme, with the first phase of 2019 general elections now set to kick off on 11 April. “If this was a well-intended move, they would have brought this scheme up before,” said local Ajit Sinha. He described a registration drive of another older scheme proposed by the previous state government. It promised to provide beneficiaries with bicycles, “A lot of people got themselves registered here,’ he said, “but not even one person got a cycle. There was only disappointment.”
Failing welfare schemes, especially those made during election season, aren’t a new phenomenon. In 2014, soon after Prime Minister Narendra Modi first came to power, he launched, with great fanfare, the Shramev Jayate scheme. Targeting unorganised sector workers, it aimed to provide unique identification cards to help them avail various benefits like ease of access to Employees’ Provident Funds (EPFs). Today, the implementation of this scheme is virtually non-existent.
Another strikingly similar scheme to the PM-SYM was proposed by this government in June 2015. Called the Atal Pension Yojana (APY), it provided unorganised sector workers with fixed minimum pensions, depending on the amount of contribution and its period. By 2018, however, it had only managed to get 1.09 crore subscribers, which makes up a mere 3.2% of the total unorganised sector workforce.
In 2019, the PM-SYM aims to have 10 crore subscribers in the next five years, despite the structural similarities with old and existing pension schemes, for the same target demographic, which have clearly struggled to take off.
B Lal Savita, in Mau, displayed his sarcastic side when he first heard about how the scheme worked, “All I could say was, wah wah Modiji. Will you never stop sucking the poor dry? Hasn’t it been enough, everything that you have been doing for the last five years?” He minced no words, “With elections around the corner, you’re at it again, that is what I want to say to him. To run this election campaign, money is being collected from all over the country into the coffers, that’s what it is.” His cynical analysis of the scheme – “Overnight, thousands of people must have deposited money for this pension scheme” – is one that comes backed with data. With 2.36 lakh centres facilitating the subscription of this scheme, more than 10 lakh workers have already signed up.
Ajit Sinha, also convinced about the policy’s connection with the electoral game, was worried about the sustainability of PM-SYM, “The scheme only runs for the duration of a government’s reign. Every time a new government comes to power, they instate their own schemes and change the old ones.” Sri Devi, who was standing in line at the service centre to get herself registered for the PM-SYM, echoed the same thoughts, “I hope it doesn’t happen that way – if the government changes, the scheme gets shut down? It would be like a betrayal.” A few others awaiting their turns at the centre had stoic ideas, an acceptance of being mere pawns on the chessboard, “See, if we get the pension, well and good. If we don’t, then we’ll get our money back, what else.”
With unorganised sector workers already eligible for the National Pension Scheme, and the APY, it seems unclear why PM-SYM has been launched, especially if it isn’t going to be bringing anything new, in terms of expanded coverage or increased amount, to the table. And if this is nothing more than an attempt at vote-bank politics, then rural Mau, at least, can see through it.
Khabar Lahariya is a women-only network of rural reporters from Bundelkhand.
Updated Date: Mar 12, 2019 16:27:08 IST