Satellites, an anti-satellite demo, a moon landing attempt, space firms winning big bucks — here’s the story of India in space in 2019.
The crucial test was conducted on 11 October for 25 seconds at the space agency's propulsion complex.
ISRO spy case: How espionage mixed with vested interests ruined a scientist's career and halted India's space project
The ISRO spy case first surfaced in 1994 when Narayanan and Sasi were arrested on charges of handing over India's indigenous space technology to Pakistan with the help of two Maldivian women
ISRO officials said the mass of communication satellites is also coming down and hence India may not need a heavy-lift rocket.
The "Bahubali" or "fat boy" of Indian rockets - GSLV Mk III - weighs several tonnes more than some of the other expendable rockets in the world but its carrying capacity is far less.
Pakistan was bent upon denying India any clout in the South Asian region and also pleasing the Chinese, whose help is vital for its own infantile space effort.