Rafale case: Using leaked documents in review petition jeopardised national security, amounts to theft, Centre tells SC
Centre told the Supreme Court in an affidavit on Wednesday that those documents filed in Rafale review petition are 'sensitive to national security' and those who conspired in photocopying the papers have committed theft
Annexing photocopy of secret documents to the Rafale review petition affected the country's sovereignty, security, Centre told SC
The documents, which have been widely circulated, made war capacity of combat aircraft available to enemy countries, it added
Centre sought removal of documents from record while claiming privilege under Section 123, 124 of the Indian Evidence Act
It also said that petitioners accessed the documents with the intention to present a selective and incomplete picture of internal secret deliberations on a matter relating to national security and defence
The Centre also said that the petitioners are guilty of leakage of sensitive information, which offends the terms of the agreements
New Delhi: The Centre Wednesday told the Supreme Court that documents filed by the petitioners seeking review of its Rafale deal verdict are "sensitive to national security" and those who conspired in photocopying the papers have committed theft and put the security in jeopardy by leaking them.
The Ministry of Defence said an internal enquiry commenced on February 28 and is currently in progress over the leakage of sensitive documents and it is of utmost concern to find out where the leakage took place.
The affidavit filed by the ministry said documents attached by the petitioners — former Union ministers Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie as also activist advocate Prashant Bhushan — relate to war capacity of combat aircraft and have been widely circulated, available to the country's enemy and adversaries.
"This puts the national security in jeopardy. Without consent, permission or acquiescence of the Central Government, those who have conspired in making the photocopy of these sensitive documents and annexing it to the review petition/ miscellaneous application and thereby committing theft by unauthorised photocopying of such documents relied in this regard...have adversely affected the Sovereignty, Security and Friendly Relations with the foreign countries," said the affidavit, filed by Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra.
The affidavit assumes significance as Attorney General KK Venugopal on 6 March hearing before a bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had alleged that the review petition was based on the documents which were stolen from the ministry.
Two days later, Venugopal claimed the Rafale documents were not stolen from the Defence Ministry and he had meant in his submission before the top court that petitioners in the application used "photocopies of the original" papers, deemed secret by the government.
In the affidavit, the ministry said secrecy was envisaged in various agreements that the Centre had entered into with France and others concerning matters of national security.
It said that even though the Centre maintains secrecy, Sinha, Shourie and Bhushan are relying on documents annexed and "are guilty of leakage of sensitive information, which offends the terms of the agreements".
The Centre said those who have conspired in this leakage are guilty of penal offences under the Indian Penal Code including theft by unauthorised photocopying and leakage of sensitive official documents affecting national security.
"These matters are now a subject of an internal enquiry which has commenced on 28 February and it is currently in progress. In particular, it is of utmost concern to the Central government to find out where the leakage took place so that in future the sanctity of decision-making process in governance is maintained," said the affidavit, which will come up for perusal before the apex court on Thursday.
The Centre asserted that Sinha, Shourie and Bhushan are using "unauthorisedly accessed documents" with the intention to present a selective and incomplete picture of internal secret deliberations on a matter relating to National Security and Defence and have been used by them with an intention to mislead the apex court.
"The documents presented by the petitioners are failing to bring out how the issues were addressed and resolved and necessary approvals of the competent authorities taken. The selective and incomplete presentation of the facts and records by the petitioners are intended to mislead this court into deriving wrong conclusions which is very damaging to National Security and public interest," it said.
The affidavit added that the Performance Audit Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on Capital Acquisition in Indian Air Force Report No 3 of 2019 has already been presented to Parliament and thus is in public domain.
It said that documents relied upon in the petition belong to a class "in which the Government of India is entitled to claim privilege under Section 123, 124 of the Indian Evidence Act".
The documents unauthorisedly produced by petitioners are exempt from disclosure under Right to Information Act and as such petitioners have no authority whatsoever to produce it "before the court without the explicit permission of the Government of India, Ministry of Defence", it added.
While claiming privilege over the documents relied upon by the petitioners to support the review petition, the Centre said since they have unauthorisedly and illegally produced those documents it has become imperative for the Union of India to seek removal of these documents from the record.
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