NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%

As per an RTI query filed, Firstpost found that 1,782 cases of fake encounter were registered in India between 2000 and 2017

Phalguni Rao February 02, 2018 14:41:03 IST
NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%

Sohrabuddin Sheikh, Ishrat Jahan, Kuldeep Singh, Salim — a common thread binding all four of them is that they are among people who were allegedly killed in fake encounter cases in India. Of the four names mentioned, one may have come across the former two which turned into high-profile cases involving political leaders. The latter two were one of the many human rights violation cases mentioned in one of the annual reports of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

NHRC registered 1782 fake encounter cases between 20002017 Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 4455

Representational image. AFP

As per an RTI query filed, Firstpost found that 1,782 cases of fake encounters were registered in India between 2000 and 2017, of which only 1,565 cases have been disposed of so far. Fake encounters are essentially staged confrontations between the police or military forces and victims who the security officials believe to be "culprits".  According to data received from the NHRC, based on the complaints and intimations it received, Uttar Pradesh accounted for an alarming 44.55 percent (794 cases) of the cases registered across all states.

Following Uttar Pradesh, the next five states which account for the highest number of fake encounter cases are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Jharkhand and Manipur. However, each of them registered less than six percent of all the cases registered since 2000 - Andhra Pradesh (94 cases; 5.27 percent), Bihar (74 cases; 4.5 percent), Jharkhand (69 cases; 3.87 percent), Assam (69 cases; 3.87 percent) and Manipur (63 cases; 3.53 percent). The National Capital reported 40 cases while Jammu and Kashmir reflects 22 cases during the same period. The RTI reply did not reflect any data for Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Lakshadweep.

The most number of cases registered since 2000 was in the year 2012 with 226 fake encounter incidents reported, of which only 195 were disposed with 31 cases pending. In the last seven years alone, NHRC recorded 725 cases between 2010 and 2017. Fake encounter cases in this decade alone account for 40.68 percent of the total number since the dawn of the 21st century in India.

Over the last five years, states registered less than 60 cases per year, except for in 2015, when the number shot up to 140 cases. In 2017, 19 fake encounter cases were registered, of which only 10 have been disposed of till now.

NHRC registered 1782 fake encounter cases between 20002017 Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 4455

State-wise representation of number of fake encounter cases reported between 2000-2017.

In 2016, the Union home ministry identified 106 districts in 10 states affected by left-wing extremism (LWE) which included Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh. An analysis of the fake encounters cases in these states shows that after Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh showed the next highest number of registered cases (94). While Uttar Pradesh has 51 of 794 cases pending, Andhra Pradesh has 54 pending cases from the 94 registered in the state.

Monetary relief recommended

The NHRC does not provide any financial relief, but recommends it to government agencies involved. As per Section 18 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, the commission is empowered to recommend compensation, damages, or interim relief to the families of the victim or complainant. Between 2013 and 2017, the NHRC recommended financial relief of Rs 60.07 crore to the affected parties in fake encounter cases.

During this period, the top five states where the human rights body recommended monetary relief are Andhra Pradesh (Rs 71.3 lakh), Assam (Rs 5.8 crore), Bihar (Rs 2.38 crore), Jharkhand (Rs 3.2 crore), Manipur (Rs 3.54 crore) and Uttar Pradesh (Rs 13.23 crore). After Uttar Pradesh, Assam received the highest monetary recommendation of Rs 5.8 crore for 64 cases in the past five years.

Updated Date:

also read

When Raman Singh as chief minister showed the way to prevent a VIP security debacle
India

When Raman Singh as chief minister showed the way to prevent a VIP security debacle

This is in stark in contrast with the events of Wednesday where Prime Minister Narendra Modi had to turn back without holding a rally in Punjab

Assembly polls 2022: From snappy hashtags to peppy tunes, political parties hit virtual campaign trail
Politics

Assembly polls 2022: From snappy hashtags to peppy tunes, political parties hit virtual campaign trail

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) unveiled its campaign song for Uttar Pradesh based on the popular Sri Lankan number 'Manike Mage Hithe' rendered by Yohani De'Silva.

From SPG to 'Blue Book' rules: Here's everything you need to know about how the prime minister is protected from threats
India

From SPG to 'Blue Book' rules: Here's everything you need to know about how the prime minister is protected from threats

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Ferozepur rally in Punjab was cancelled on Wednesday after the Ministry of Home Affairs cited a major 'security lapse'. This has brought attention to the agencies who are in charge of the PM's security and protocols that are set for his travel