NCRB data shows 95% rape victims in India known to offenders; Madhya Pradesh tops the list

The interactive data dashboard breaks down the numbers by national average, state/Union territory and proximity of offenders to rape victims.

Saachi Sharma May 09, 2017 16:38:46 IST
NCRB data shows 95% rape victims in India known to offenders; Madhya Pradesh tops the list

One of the biggest misconceptions around rape is the "other-ing" of both the criminal and the victim —  that a "certain" type of man rapes and a "certain" type of woman gets raped (often under "certain" circumstances). The overwhelming complicity of perpetrators in familial positions of power, or those who are known to victims, is grossly understated.

NCRB data shows 95 rape victims in India known to offenders Madhya Pradesh tops the list

Therefore, sexual assault, most often than not, becomes an under-reported crime not only because of the stigma attached to it and a broken justice system but also because of the additional barriers that a collusion of familial, social power structures, shame and dependency create.

The victims know the rapists

The 2015 National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) data on the proximity of offenders to victims (the most recent data available) shows that in 95 percent of all rape cases, the offender knew the victim. For example, 27 percent of rapes are committed by neighbours, 22 percent involves the promise of marriage and 9 percent are committed by immediate family members and relatives. The data further stated that at least two percent of all rape cases involves live-in partners or husbands (former partners or separated husbands — rape within marriage is not recorded), 1.6 percent are committed by employers or co-workers and 33 percent are committed by other known associates.

According to the data collated by the NCRB, Madhya Pradesh with 4,391 cases, Maharashtra with 4,144, Rajasthan with 3,644, Uttar Pradesh with 3,025, Odisha with 2,251 and Delhi with 2,199 recorded the highest number of reported rape cases. However, it must be noted that a lower rape count could mean a lower 'reported' rape count. States that do better on other gender parity metrics (literacy rate, sex ratio, workforce participation etc) are likely to see a higher count of reported rapes because more victims try to access the justice system. For example, Kerala reported 1,256 rapes while Bihar reported 1,041 rapes, despite the fact that the population of Bihar is three times the population of Kerala.

The interactive data dashboard breaks down the numbers by national average, state/Union territory and proximity of offenders to victims.

Updated Date:

also read

COVID-19 deaths in UP: Queues at cremation grounds, data discrepancies belie state govt's claims
India

COVID-19 deaths in UP: Queues at cremation grounds, data discrepancies belie state govt's claims

When official claims are scrutinised in the context of long queues at cremation grounds and large-scale discrepancies in data, the picture becomes even more alarming.

With US troops leaving Afghanistan, young women dread Taliban's return: 'Society will be ruined'
World

With US troops leaving Afghanistan, young women dread Taliban's return: 'Society will be ruined'

With US troops committed to leaving Afghanistan completely by 11 September, women are closely watching the stalemated peace negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government over the post-withdrawal future.

COVID-19 second wave: Uttar Pradesh govt extends weekend lockdown to include Mondays
India

COVID-19 second wave: Uttar Pradesh govt extends weekend lockdown to include Mondays

All shops and other establishments will remain closed till 7 am on Tuesdays, the govt announced, adding that essential services will be allowed and the vaccination drive will continue