Formation of J&K and Ladakh UTs 'unlawful and void', says China; India slams Beijing, says bifurcation of state internal affair, stay out of it

  • China's Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told the media in Beijing on Thursday that India's decision to 'include' some of China's territory into its administrative jurisdiction 'challenged' Beijing's sovereignty

  • 'China urges the Indian side to earnestly respect Chinese territorial sovereignty, abide by our treaties and uphold peace and tranquillity in the border areas and create favourable conditions for proper settlement of boundary question,' he said

  • Responding to Beijing, MEA spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said, 'The matter of reorganisation of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh is entirely an internal affair of India.'

  • 'We do not expect other countries, including China, to comment on the matters which are internal to India, just as India refrains from commenting on internal issues of other countries,' Kumar said.

  • Kumar also said that China also illegally acquired Indian territories from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) under the so-called China-Pakistan Boundary Agreement of 1963

India on Thursday hit back at China over its objection to the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories, saying the reorganisation is entirely its internal affair and it does not expect other countries to comment on such matters.

India also said that China continues to be in occupation of a large tract of area in the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.

"It has also illegally acquired Indian territories from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) under the so-called China-Pakistan Boundary Agreement of 1963," a statement quoted Ministry of External Affairs Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar as saying.

 Formation of J&K and Ladakh UTs unlawful and void, says China; India slams Beijing, says bifurcation of state internal affair, stay out of it

File image of MEA spokesperson Raveesh Kumar. Twitter/@MEAIndia

Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated on Thursday into two union territories — J&K and Ladakh — in accordance with the government's 5 August announcement revoking the state's special status under Article 370.

China's Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told the media in Beijing on Thursday that "India unilaterally changed its domestic laws and administrative division challenging China's sovereignty".

"China deplores and firmly opposes that. India unilaterally changed its domestic laws and administrative division challenging China's sovereignty," he said replying to a question.

"This is unlawful and void and this is not effective in any way and will not change the fact that the area is under Chinese actual control," he said.

"China urges the Indian side to earnestly respect Chinese territorial sovereignty, abide by our treaties and uphold peace and tranquillity in the border areas and create favourable conditions for the proper settlement of boundary question," he said.

Reacting to China's statement, Kumar said China is well aware of India's consistent and clear position on this issue.

"The matter of reorganisation of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh is entirely an internal affair of India," he said.

"We do not expect other countries, including China, to comment on the matters which are internal to India, just as India refrains from commenting on internal issues of other countries," Kumar said.

Asserting that the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are integral part of India, he said India expects other countries to respect its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

China had earlier objected to the Indian government's August 5 order of the revocation of Article 370 and the formation of Ladakh as Union Territory, saying that some of the area involved Chinese territory.

After the revocation of Article 370, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar, who visited China in August, informed his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi that the revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir is an internal matter and the sole prerogative of India and it has no implication for either the external boundaries of India or the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

On the Kashmir issue, Geng said, "China's position on the Kashmir issue is consistent and clear, this is a dispute left from history and it should be properly and peacefully resolved based on the UN charter, the relevant UNSC resolutions and other bilateral treaties and relevant sides should resolve the dispute through dialogue and consultations and uphold regional peace and stability."

Since the revocation of Article 370, China, which in the past stated that Kashmir issue should be resolved between India and Pakistan, started referring to the UN Charter and UNSC resolutions for a settlement.

China has backed its all-weather ally, Pakistan's attempts to call for an informal meeting of the UN Security Council. However, the informal UNSC meeting, in a rebuff to Beijing and Islamabad, ended without passing a resolution or statement.

A joint statement, issued at the end of Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan's visit to Beijing on October 9, said, "The Chinese side responded that it was paying close attention to the current situation in Jammu and Kashmir and reiterated that the Kashmir issue is a dispute left from history, and should be properly and peacefully resolved based on the UN Charter, relevant UN Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements".

Khan's visit took place ahead of Chinese President Xi Jinping's visit to Chennai on 11-12 October, where he held his second informal summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

In his visit to Beijing in August, Jaishankar defended the government's decision during talks with his Chinese counterpart Wang and said that the reason for the change is for better governance and social and economic development in Jammu and Kashmir.

"It has no implications for anybody else. The issue related to changes is a temporary provision of the Constitution of India and was the sole prerogative of the country," Jaishankar had said.

"The legislative measures were aimed at promoting better governance and socio-economic development. There was no implication for either the external boundaries of India or the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China. India was not raising any additional territorial claims," Jaishankar said.

"The Chinese concerns in this regard were therefore misplaced," the minister had said, adding that as far as the India-China boundary question was concerned the two sides had agreed to a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable settlement on the basis of the 2005 Political Parameters and Guiding Principles.

The India-China LAC covers 3,488 kilometres and the Special Representatives of both the countries have held 21 rounds of talks to resolve the boundary dispute.

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Updated Date: Oct 31, 2019 17:11:48 IST