Delhi-NCR on Monday woke up to a thick blanket of fog that made transportation difficult in the National Capital Region and rendered visibility to dangerously low levels. Air quality also dipped to the 'poor' category again after a slight improvement over the weekend.
As many as 27 trains running are running late, and several flights are delayed. Images shared on social media showed vehicles on Delhi roads barely visible through the dense fog. Several airlines have advised flyers from Delhi-NCR to check their flight status before heading to airports, cautioning them about likely delays due to bad weather and dense fog. A Vistara flight was also diverted.
The India Meteorological Department has also warned of dense to very dense fog in Delhi-NCR due to the cold wave. According to Skymet Weather, The Palam Observatory reported visibility of around 50 metres to nil. The density of the fog was so deep that visibility did not even clear by 9 am.
With a cold wave gripping the region, a large number of homeless have been taking refuge at night shelters in various parts of Delhi to shield themselves from chilly winds. The maximum temperature in Delhi on Sunday was 19.9°C, two notches below the season's average. The minimum temperature was 9.4°C, a notch above the season's average. On Monday, the maximum and minimum temperatures are likely to be around 21°C and 11°C.
Air Quality Index in the range of 51 to 100 is considered satisfactory; 101-200 is moderate; 201-300 falls under the category of poor; 300-400 is considered 'very poor'; and 401-500 falls under the 'hazardous' category.
The Delhi Traffic Police has tweeted out a list of dos and don'ts and advised motorists to exercise caution while venturing out to the foggy roads of Delhi-NCR.
— Delhi Traffic Police (@dtptraffic) February 4, 2019
According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data, the overall Air Quality Index (AQI) of the city was at 291 on Sunday, which falls in the 'poor' category. Delhi's air quality had dipped to 'very poor' category due to rains, which increased the pollutant holding capacity of air.
AQI between 0 and 50 is considered 'good', 51 and 100 'satisfactory', 101 and 200 'moderate', 201 and 300 'poor', 301 and 400 'very poor', and between 401 and 500 'severe'.
The CPCB said 16 areas recorded 'very poor' air quality while 18 areas recorded 'poor' air quality. The level of PM2.5 (particles in the air with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres) was recorded at 145 and the PM10 level 227, it said.
Authorities said the slight improvement in air quality is due to minor improvement in wind speed. They further added that the air quality would continue to oscillate between 'poor' and 'very poor' category for the next three days.
According to the Centre-run System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting (SAFAR), moderate foggy conditions due to radiation fog and subtle effect of drizzle is still persisting and not allowing air quality to improve. "However, such conditions cannot get prolonged for long and AQI will start to improve faster after 3 days. there is a partial probability of occurrence of active western disturbance," the SAFAR said.
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Updated Date: Feb 04, 2019 10:36:16 IST