Constitution Day of India: What is Samvidhan Diwas and why is it celebrated on 26 November?

On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950

FP Trending November 26, 2020 10:30:37 IST
Constitution Day of India: What is Samvidhan Diwas and why is it celebrated on 26 November?

The Constitution of India. Image: AFP

Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas is celebrated annually in India on 26 November. The day is also known as National Law Day. The day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution in India.

On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950.

According to a report in India Today, the day, which was earlier celebrated as Law Day, commemorates the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress in 1930.

History

While on 26 November, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 1950, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19 November, 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as 'Constitution Day'.

The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens.

As per a report in Scroll.in, the two months between the adoption and enforcement of the Constitution was used for reading and translation of the document from English to Hindi.

The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days for two years, 11 months, and 18 days before the Constitution was finally adopted.

The members of the Constituent Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document on 24 January 1950 and two days later, it became the law of the land.

Significance

The Constitution Day is celebrated as a mark of tribute to India's first Law Minister BR Ambedkar, who played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution.

What is the Constitution of India

The Constitution is a set of written principles and precedents of the Government of India that frames fundamental political principles, procedures, rights, directive principles, restrictions, and duties of the government and the citizens of the country.

It declares India to be a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic republic and assures its citizens' equality, liberty, and justice.

Updated Date:

also read

Samvidhan Divas: CJI Ranjan Gogoi invokes importance of Constitution, warns of 'chaos' if its advice goes unheeded
India

Samvidhan Divas: CJI Ranjan Gogoi invokes importance of Constitution, warns of 'chaos' if its advice goes unheeded

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi on Monday said it was in "our best interest" to heed the advice of the Constitution as not doing so would result in a "sharp descent into chaos".

Constitution Day 2018: Duty to save samvidhan a shared initiative between judiciary, executive and legislative, says President Ram Nath Kovind
India

Constitution Day 2018: Duty to save samvidhan a shared initiative between judiciary, executive and legislative, says President Ram Nath Kovind

India is observing Constitution Day today to celebrate the day the Constitution of India, which lays down the supreme laws of the country, was adopted in 1949.

Constitution Day: Amid boycott by Opposition, Narendra Modi addresses joint session of Parliament, urges citizens to focus on fulfilling duties
Politics

Constitution Day: Amid boycott by Opposition, Narendra Modi addresses joint session of Parliament, urges citizens to focus on fulfilling duties

Noting that the Constitution begins with 'we the people of India', Narendra Modi said people are its strength, inspiration and aim