Centre scraps Haj subsidy: How policy changed under successive governments before SC asked govt to end practice
The central government on Tuesday announced that there will be no subsidy for Haj from this year.
The central government announced on Tuesday that there will be no subsidy for Haj from this year. The funds saved will instead be used for providing education to minorities, Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said.
The Haj susbidy refers to the discounted airfares given to Mecca-bound pilgrims who fly by government-owned Air India. It also included assistance for domestic travel within India to reach special airport terminals meant for Haj departure.
The programme has its origins in the British era, according to NDTV. However, with the Haj Committee Act of 1959, the government expanded the programme.
The Indian Express further reported that initially, the subsidy was given only for flights between Mumbai and Jeddah. But other flight routes were added later. Since 1984, Haj-bound traffic had been shared by Air India and Saudi Arabia, the report added.
The government's decision to scrap the subsidy is in line with a 2012 Supreme Court order that asked the government to do away with it, following a long-standing demand by the BJP.
"We have no doubt that a very large majority of Muslims applying to the Haj Committee would not be aware of the economics of their pilgrimage. And if all facts are made known, many of the pilgrims would not be very comfortable in the knowledge that their Haj is funded to a substantial extent by the government," a report in The Hindu had quoted the Supreme Court as saying in 2012.
Following this order, the subsidy was gradually reduced every year. According to sources in the minority affairs ministry, till 2017, the notional savings following gradual abolition of subsidy since 2012 was to tune of Rs 636.56 crore.
Had the government chosen to continue reducing the subsidy at the same rate, the total national savings would have have been around Rs 5,970.6 crore by 2022, the sources told PTI.
Haj pilgrims from certain regions can choose from where they want to fly to Saudi Arabia, Naqvi said, and claimed that this would bring down the cost by up to 70 percent on some routes.
There are a total of 21 Haj embarkation points (EPs) in the country — Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Cochin, Indore, Srinagar, Bhopal, Guwahati, Mangaluru, Aurangabad, Varanasi, Jaipur, Nagpur, Ranchi, Gaya, Ahmedabad and Goa.
Haj aspirants — for whom the 10 airports of Srinagar, Guwahati, Ranchi, Gaya, Indore, Bhopal, Mangaluru, Goa, Aurangabad and Varanasi are the nearest EPs — will now get an additional economical option to fly from.
The pilgrims from Jammu and Kashmir, whose nearest EP is Srinagar, can opt to travel from Delhi now, helping them save on (per head) airfare. In 2017, the airfare for the pilgrimage from Srinagar was Rs 1,09,692 as against Rs 73,697 from Delhi.
The airfare for Haj 2018 may vary, ministry sources said.
Similarly, aspirants whose basic EPs are Guwahati, Ranchi and Gaya will have the alternative of undertaking the journey from Kolkata. Those having Indore, Bhopal, Goa and Aurangabad as the nearest airports can opt to fly from Mumbai.
Those with Varanasi as the basic airport can choose Lucknow as their optional embarkation point while those with Mangaluru as their EP will have the option of Bengaluru.
Embarkation point once selected cannot be changed later on, as tendering will be done accordingly, the sources said.
Naqvi also cited a host of measures, such as providing jobs and job opportunities to 8.5 lakh minority youth and scholarships to 1.83 crore students, to claim that the BJP-led NDA government has been working to empower minorities.
His ministry is entrusted with welfare measures for minorities that include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Zoroastrians (Parsis), Buddhists and Jains.
Naqvi, the lone Muslim cabinet minister in the government, also claimed that his ministry had succeeded in helping a lot of youth get employment by training them as GST facilitators.
The BJP had also cited the subsidy as an example of "Muslim appeasement" by parties such as the Congress.
The minister said a record 1.75 lakh Muslims will undertake the pilgrimage this year from India despite the subsidy withdrawal. "There will be no subsidy on Haj now," he told reporters, adding that the government had spent over Rs 250 crore last year on subsidising the annual pilgrimage of Muslims to Saudi Arabia.
"It is part of Modi government's efforts to empower minorities with dignity and without appeasement," Naqvi said. The funds would be utilised for providing education to minorities, he said.
Asked if the subsidy withdrawal will make the cost of the pilgrimage unaffordable for Muslims, Naqvi said the government was making efforts to bring it down.
The Saudi Arabian government has agreed to allow Indians to go on Haj by the sea route and officials of the two countries will work out the modalities, he said.
Naqvi said his ministry is also organising an event in Lucknow on 18 January in which he and Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath will speak on "empowering minorities without appeasement" with the help of central schemes.
Minority affairs ministers of nine states will also attend the event, he added.
Reacting cautiously to the government's decision, the Congress said it hopes that the Modi government will honour the apex court's direction and utilise this money for the education and development of the disempowered among the minorities, including young girls.
The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) said the government's decision on revoking Haj subsidy has no meaning as there was no such concession and Muslims were being cheated in its name.
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen chief Asaduddin Owaisi said the subsidy had to be stopped, since it was a Supreme Court judgment. "But it is important to see where the funds saved will be utilised. Will they increase allocation of funds for scholarships to Muslim girls. The verdict is around the corner. Let's see if government makes a separate allocation for funds to scholarships to Muslims, especially girls," he said.
Welcoming the Centre's decision, the Vishva Hindu Parishad said the money saved from it should be utilised for the education of poor Hindu girls.
The Left parties — the CPM and CPI — refrained from commenting on the development.
Various Muslim organisations said that the move will have little effect on the pilgrimage as it was airlines that were benefiting from the subsidy. The subsidy was meant only for Air India and not the pilgrims, said Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind president Kari Mohammad Usman.
All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat (AIMMM), a federation of Muslim outfits, said that the government should end all kinds of subsidies given for religious purposes. AIMMM president Naved Hamid demanded that the government should float a global tender so that the Haj pilgrims could avail cost-effective travel.
With inputs from PTI
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