U.S. government study finds racial bias in facial recognition tools
By Jan Wolfe (Reuters) - Many facial recognition systems misidentify people of colour more often than white people, according to a U.S. government study released on Thursday that is likely to heighten increasing scepticism of technology widely used by law enforcement agencies
By Jan Wolfe
(Reuters) - Many facial recognition systems misidentify people of colour more often than white people, according to a U.S. government study released on Thursday that is likely to heighten increasing scepticism of technology widely used by law enforcement agencies.
The study from the National Institute of Standards and Technology found that, when conducting a particular type of database searching known as "one-to-one" matching, many facial recognition algorithms falsely identified African-American and Asian faces 10 to 100 times more than Caucasian faces.
The study also found that African-American females are more likely to be misidentified in "one-to-many" matching, which can be used for identification of a person of interest in a criminal investigation.
Facial-recognition databases are used by police to help identify possible criminal suspects. They typically work by conducting searches of vast troves of known images, such as mug shots, and algorithmically comparing them with other images, such as those taken form a store’s surveillance cameras, that capture an unidentified person believed to be committing a crime.
The NIST study was based on a review of 189 software algorithms from 99 developers — a majority of the facial recognition technology industry — and found a wide range in accuracy across developers.
The American Civil Liberties Union, a prominent civil rights organization, on Thursday said the survey illustrates why law enforcement agencies like the FBI should not use facial recognition tools.
“One false match can lead to missed flights, lengthy interrogations, watchlist placements, tense police encounters, false arrests or worse,” ACLU policy analyst Jay Stanley said in a statement.
NIST, a nonregulatory agency that is part of the Department of Commerce, did not test tools used by powerful technology companies like Facebook Inc
Facial recognition technology has come under increased scrutiny in recent years amid fears that it may lack accuracy, lead to false positives and perpetuate racial bias.
(Reporting by Jan Wolfe; Editing by Andy Sullivan and Leslie Adler)
This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.
By Robin Emmott and John Irish | BRUSSELS/PARIS BRUSSELS/PARIS France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.The decision to allow the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda."NATO as an institution will join the coalition," said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions. "The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States
BEIJING Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for greater efforts to make the country's navy a world class one, strong in operations on, below and above the surface, as it steps up its ability to project power far from its shores.China's navy has taken an increasingly prominent role in recent months, with a rising star admiral taking command, its first aircraft carrier sailing around self-ruled Taiwan and a new aircraft carrier launched last month.With President Donald Trump promising a US shipbuilding spree and unnerving Beijing with his unpredictable approach on hot button issues including Taiwan and the South and East China Seas, China is pushing to narrow the gap with the U.S. Navy.Inspecting navy headquarters, Xi said the navy should "aim for the top ranks in the world", the Defence Ministry said in a statement about his visit."Building a strong and modern navy is an important mark of a top ranking global military," the ministry paraphrased Xi as saying.