South Sudan peace deal attempt fails; government has 'had enough' of rebel leader Riek Machar
Machar fled South Sudan after new fighting erupted in the capital, Juba, in July 2016, ending a brief attempt at peace in which he returned to his role as Kiir's deputy.
Addis Ababa: The latest attempt at ending South Sudan's civil war failed on Friday as President Salva Kiir rejected working again with rival Riek Machar after their first face-to-face meeting in almost two years.
"This is simply because we have had enough of him," government spokesman Michael Makuei said. The rivals met this week in neighbouring Ethiopia on its prime minister's invitation, shaking hands and being coaxed into an awkward embrace as they held direct talks.
They shook hands again as regional heads of state and government met to discuss the civil war. But it became clear that while South Sudan's government was open to having the opposition in the vice president's role it would not accept Machar's return to that post. Machar fled the country after new fighting erupted in the capital, Juba, in July 2016, ending a brief attempt at peace in which he returned to his role as Kiir's deputy.
Opposition spokesman Lam Paul Gabriel said, "There was nothing agreed upon in the talks" but that the face-to-face meeting with South Sudan's president was useful "because we are able to see violence in Salva's eyes." Gabriel also accused the East African regional bloc of favouring South Sudan's government and putting its own interests ahead of "genuine peace," adding "This is completely disappointing."
The bloc, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development, has led several rounds of failed peace talks. Makuei, the government spokesman, said Machar was welcome to visit South Sudan and wait for elections but "we don't want to have another fight."
South Sudan's five-year civil war has continued despite multiple attempts at peace deals. Tens of thousands of people have died and millions have fled to create Africa's largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Millions of others still in the country are near famine, while the warring sides have been blamed for obstructing or slowing the delivery of desperately needed aid. The latest attempt at a cease-fire in December was violated within hours.
Both sides have been accused of widespread abuses such as gang rapes against civilians, including along ethnic lines. A number of South Sudan officials have been accused by human rights groups of profiting from the conflict and blocking the path to peace. Early this month the UN Security Council adopted a United States-sponsored resolution that threatens an arms embargo on South Sudan and sanctions against six people, including the country's defence chief, if fighting doesn't stop and a political agreement reached.
The resolution asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to report to the council on that by 30 June. Regional bloc IGAD has threatened to submit "punitive measures" against violators of the latest failed cease-fire, though sanctions would need approval by the bloc's heads of state and government. Machar has been under house arrest in South Africa.
It was not immediately clear where he would go now. "We hope IGAD will mean business by coming out categorically on his freedom status," said Gabriel, the opposition spokesman.
Aid workers and officials who did not want to speak on the record said the true figure might be as high as 300,000 -- a figure comparable to the number killed in Syria during five years of fighting.
South Sudan's warring leaders sign peace deal to share power in latest effort to end five-year civil war
Sudan's state news agency said that South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel opposition leader Riek Machar have signed a peace deal to share power in a transitional government, the latest effort to end a five-year civil war.
The United Nations secretary-general is launching an independent investigation into allegations that UN peacekeepers did not respond to prevent multiple cases of abuse and sexual violence against civilians and foreigners in South Sudan's capital.