Shutdowns stoke debate over what's an 'essential industry'
By John Chalmers BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Shortly after British Prime Minister Boris Johnson ordered the closure of non-essential retailers on Monday to curb the spread of coronavirus, the parent company of Sports Direct wrote to its staff to let them know: the next day would be business as usual. Its argument - that selling sport and fitness equipment was vital during a national shutdown - was promptly rebuffed by the government, and the plan to keep its stores open was ditched
By John Chalmers
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Shortly after British Prime Minister Boris Johnson ordered the closure of non-essential retailers on Monday to curb the spread of coronavirus, the parent company of Sports Direct wrote to its staff to let them know: the next day would be business as usual.
Its argument - that selling sport and fitness equipment was vital during a national shutdown - was promptly rebuffed by the government, and the plan to keep its stores open was ditched.
The brief spat underlines the dilemma for governments defining what are "essential industries" as they try to flatten the curve of infections to save lives while keeping their economies from falling off a cliff.
U.S. President Donald Trump came right out on Monday and said what other governments may be quietly thinking: "We cannot let the cure be worse than the problem itself."
Data on Tuesday showed that business activity around the globe has collapsed this month as millions obey orders to stay at home to avoid infection with the highly contagious virus.
Trump said he was considering how to reopen the U.S. economy when a 15-day shutdown ends next week, telling a White House news conference that his administration would not allow the crisis to turn into a long-lasting financial problem.
But voicing what many might see as choosing the economy over lives requires delicacy.
Johnson's senior adviser, Dominic Cummings, on Monday firmly denied a newspaper report that last month he had outlined the government's coronavirus strategy as "herd immunity, protect the economy and if that means some pensioners die, too bad".
The difficulty for governments lies in deciding what industries are critical.
On Tuesday, just 12 hours after Johnson had ordered a draconian clampdown, minister Michael Gove was asked on a TV breakfast show why groups of workers were still being allowed at construction sites.
Italy, which has suffered the deadliest coronavirus outbreak, decreed on Sunday that non-essential businesses must close until April 3 -- but set out a long list of exceptions deemed vital to keep supply chains running in Europe's second-largest manufacturing economy.
Unions in the worst-hit Lombardy region panned the list as "excessively extended, covering areas of dubious importance" and allowing firms "excessive discretion" to apply for exemptions, and promptly called a one-day strike.
Amazon announced at the weekend it would stop shipping non-essential products to Italy and hard-hit France, where lockdowns have been imposed.
One worker at a French distribution centre for the world's largest online retailer said last week that employees were dispatching non-essential items from small workspaces that did not allow staff to keep their distances.
"These are DVDs, video games, iPads, phones and sex toys," said the worker, who declined to give her name for fear of losing her job.
Amazon stopped shipments of non-essential items due to a spike in orders and the need to respect anti-coronavirus safety measures in workplaces, a spokesman said.
As more U.S. states moved to impose stay-at-home orders on Tuesday, industries from steelmakers to auto dealerships scrambled for exemptions that would allow them to remain open.
The National Association of Manufacturers has urged states to declare all manufacturing facilities and supply chains part of "essential infrastructure" and "essential businesses".
"Cash flow and survival are the key words here," said Gary Hufbauer at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. "As the shutdown continues, more and more firms will seek to be designated essential."
(Additional reporting by Angelo Amante and Gavin Jones in Rome, Caroline Pailliez and Mourad Guichard in Paris and David Lawder in Washington; Editing by Catherine Evans)
This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.
By Robin Emmott and John Irish | BRUSSELS/PARIS BRUSSELS/PARIS France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.The decision to allow the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda."NATO as an institution will join the coalition," said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions. "The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States
BEIJING Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for greater efforts to make the country's navy a world class one, strong in operations on, below and above the surface, as it steps up its ability to project power far from its shores.China's navy has taken an increasingly prominent role in recent months, with a rising star admiral taking command, its first aircraft carrier sailing around self-ruled Taiwan and a new aircraft carrier launched last month.With President Donald Trump promising a US shipbuilding spree and unnerving Beijing with his unpredictable approach on hot button issues including Taiwan and the South and East China Seas, China is pushing to narrow the gap with the U.S. Navy.Inspecting navy headquarters, Xi said the navy should "aim for the top ranks in the world", the Defence Ministry said in a statement about his visit."Building a strong and modern navy is an important mark of a top ranking global military," the ministry paraphrased Xi as saying.