Russian Scientists discover 5,000-year-old skull of failed brain surgery patient in Crimea

Archaeologists have found clear proof of an ancient surgical procedure, called trepanation which involved drilling small holes in the skull

FP Trending October 24, 2020 18:42:29 IST
Russian Scientists discover 5,000-year-old skull of failed brain surgery patient in Crimea

Archaeologists have unearthed the skull of a 5,000 year old man in Crimea who underwent ancient brain surgery during the Bronze Age. Image by Darya Veselkova

Russian scientists have discovered a 5,000-year-old skull of a man who had undergone ancient brain surgery and most probably died from it.

According to a report in Times Now, researchers have shown incredible 3D images from Crimea which show proof of trepanation surgery (practice of drilling a hole in the skull of the patient) on the Bronze Age man who was in his 20s. The researchers said that the surgery was not successful and the "unlucky" patient did not survive for long after undergoing a stone 'scalpel'.

According to Head of the Laboratory of Contextual Anthropology Dr Maria Dobrovolskaya, this is evident from the absence of obvious traces of healing since traces of trepanation are otherwise clearly visible on the surface of the bone.

According to a report in Daily mail, scientists from the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow said that the ancient doctor most definitely possessed a surgical set of stone tools.

The report adds that the skull was found on a skeleton in a deep grave in a burial mound and as per researchers, judging by the position of the bones, the body of the patient was laid on its back carefully and slightly turned on its left side. The legs of the deceased were bent at the knees and turned to the left. Two flint arrowheads were also buried with the ancient man.

Dr Dobrovolskaya said that despite the fact that the survival rate after trepanation was high in ancient times, the man was unlucky enough to have perished.

Olesya Uspenskaya, a researcher in Stone Age archeology added that the three types of mark found on the body were left by the prehistoric surgeons using different kinds of stone blades.

According to researchers, brain surgery in ancient times may have been used to ease severe headaches, cure hematoma, repair skull injuries, or conducted to overcome epilepsy.

Updated Date:

also read

After Russian mine tragedy, here's a closer look at the 10 biggest coal mine accidents till date
World

After Russian mine tragedy, here's a closer look at the 10 biggest coal mine accidents till date

At least 52 people, including six rescuers, are reported to have died owing to a gas leak in a Siberian coal mine, making it the one of the worst mining disasters since Soviet times

S Jaishankar to chair RIC foreign ministers meet today: What purpose does the trilateral collective serve and why it's important for India
India

S Jaishankar to chair RIC foreign ministers meet today: What purpose does the trilateral collective serve and why it's important for India

Today's meeting will be the 18th round of talks that the foreign ministers hold under the RIC grouping. India took over the chairmanship of RIC after the last meeting of the three foreign ministers in Moscow in September 2020.

Germany latest country to pass the grim 100,000 COVID-19 deaths milestone
World

Germany latest country to pass the grim 100,000 COVID-19 deaths milestone

Officials say 68.1 percent of Germany’s 83 million inhabitants are fully vaccinated, far below the minimum level of 75 percent the government has aimed for