Polls open in Chile for historic constitutional plebiscite
By Aislinn Laing and Fabian Cambero SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Polls have opened in Chile for a referendum on whether the Pinochet-era constitution should be torn up and replaced by a fresh charter drafted by citizens, a key demand in protests that erupted last year. Fierce anti-government demonstrations over inequality and elitism in one of Latin America's most advanced economies broke out last fall and resumed as coronavirus lockdowns were eased. Voters have 12 hours beginning at 8 a.m.
By Aislinn Laing and Fabian Cambero
SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Polls have opened in Chile for a referendum on whether the Pinochet-era constitution should be torn up and replaced by a fresh charter drafted by citizens, a key demand in protests that erupted last year.
Fierce anti-government demonstrations over inequality and elitism in one of Latin America's most advanced economies broke out last fall and resumed as coronavirus lockdowns were eased.
Voters have 12 hours beginning at 8 a.m. (1100 GMT) to cast their ballots. More than 14.8 million people are eligible to vote at 2,715 polling stations up and down the long thin country, although COVID sufferers have been told to stay away on threat of arrest.
Chileans can decide whether to approve or reject a new constitution and whether it should be drafted by a specially elected citizens' body, made up half of women and half of men, and indigenous representatives, or a mix of citizens and lawmakers.
The winning camp needs a simple majority. Opinion polls suggest a new charter will be approved by a significant margin.
Among the first of a slow trickle of voters was President Sebastian Pinera. His approval rating sank to a historic low during the protests and has remained in the doldrums through the pandemic.
Speaking from the upmarket suburb of Las Condes, close to his home, he urged Chileans to turn out in record numbers regardless of their voting inclination.
"Tonight when we know the results, let us respect the decision of the people and take strong and clear action for democracy and not for anarchy, for peace and not for violence, for unity and not for division," Pinera told reporters.
Jose Antonio Kast, leader of the conservative Republican Party, told reporters as he exercised his vote that if turnout was high, the "reject" camp would win.
"What could have an impact is that people are afraid because of the pandemic. But we are hoping that won't happen," he said.
"The pandemic is bad, but for me what is worse is violence," an elderly voter who gave his name as Jaime told local TV at Santiago's National Stadium, the largest polling station in the country. "I'm open to change but we don't want violence."
Soldiers, ubiquitous on Chile's streets since the declaration of a state of emergency during the protests last year, and again with the outbreak of COVID-19 in March, will oversee the process inside polling stations, while police will guard outside.
Chileans must wear masks by law outside of their homes, and voters have been told to bring their own pens. Voting stations have been sprayed with cleaning solutions containing nanocopper particles, an incorporation of the red metal that is Chile's main export and which is said by scientists to be particularly inhospitable to the coronavirus.
The current constitution was drafted by dictator Augusto Pinochet's close adviser Jaime Guzman in 1980, and has only been tweaked by successive governments to reduce military and executive power.
(Reporting by Aislinn Laing; Editing by Jonathan Oatis and Catherine Evans)
This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.
By Robin Emmott and John Irish | BRUSSELS/PARIS BRUSSELS/PARIS France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.The decision to allow the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda."NATO as an institution will join the coalition," said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions. "The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States
BEIJING Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for greater efforts to make the country's navy a world class one, strong in operations on, below and above the surface, as it steps up its ability to project power far from its shores.China's navy has taken an increasingly prominent role in recent months, with a rising star admiral taking command, its first aircraft carrier sailing around self-ruled Taiwan and a new aircraft carrier launched last month.With President Donald Trump promising a US shipbuilding spree and unnerving Beijing with his unpredictable approach on hot button issues including Taiwan and the South and East China Seas, China is pushing to narrow the gap with the U.S. Navy.Inspecting navy headquarters, Xi said the navy should "aim for the top ranks in the world", the Defence Ministry said in a statement about his visit."Building a strong and modern navy is an important mark of a top ranking global military," the ministry paraphrased Xi as saying.