A decade after clashes broke out between the Hamas and Fatah over the control of Palestinian Authority, the two factions on Thursday signed a deal to reconcile their differences. The agreement was signed in Cairo by new Hamas deputy leader Salah al-Aruri and Azzam al-Ahmad, head of the Fatah delegation for the talks.
According to the deal, which was facilitated by the Egyptian government, the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority is to resume full control of the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip by 1 December.
Palestine, the partially-recognised State, is divided into two parts Gaza Strip and West Bank. The state is separated by Israel, which itself is claimed as a whole by Palestinian nationalists. This dichotomy is expected to be resolved as the deal will usher in an unity government in the Palestinian territories.
However, the deal has got its fair share of critics, who doubt the effectiveness of the deal, citing Hamas' penchant for violence and the repeated roadblocks in the final reconciliation.
Al-Monitor, a West Asian news portal, pointed out that the 2014 reconciliation agreements between the two factions did not materialise.
An Al-Jazeera article too quoted several analysts as saying that the deal,like the ones in the past, is expected to fail. "The biggest stumbling block is likely to be over long-promised elections. Polls suggest that Hamas would win in both Gaza and the West Bank," the article noted.
Hamas' tactical move?
However, the situation looks better this time around. An article in the Haaretz noted that the first step towards formulating the deal might have come from the Hamas.
The article stated that the Hamas wants to avoid a 2014-like situation, when the internal differences led to the indefinate delay in holding elections.
Al-Jazeera reported that Hamas' for reconciliation is a well-calculated risk to come out of regional isolation.
The deal is a major boost for the Hamas as it provides an opportunity to break the humanitarian crisis threatening to engulf Gaza, The New York Times noted.
An united Palestinian political leadership will help "negotiating with Israel with a single voice," the report said.
As Hamas is taking a lead to salvage the deal, the report said that this would have sobering effect over the militant group and even force to rethink its strategy to use violence.
As an elder statesman of the Palestinian movement, the deal may be a win for Mahmoud Abbas too. According to The New York Times, the deal could be a "legacy-saving moment" for the 82-year-old leader, who took over from Yasser Arafat in 2004.
Israel opposes any deal involving Hamas
While the deal is being celebrated by locals, who hope to live in peace after a decade of tensions between the two diseparate territories, Israel, the other big stakeholder in the factional conflict, is not happy.
Reacting sharply to the deal, Israel prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu tweeted that any agreement with a terrorist organisation like Hamas is unacceptable.
"Reconciling with mass murderers is part of the problem, not part of the solution," Netanyahu said in a statement.
There is nothing we want more than peace with all our neighbors.
Reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas makes peace much harder to achieve.
— Benjamin Netanyahu (@netanyahu) October 12, 2017
Israel opposes any reconciliation in which the terrorist organization Hamas does not disarm and end its war to destroy Israel. pic.twitter.com/2gYnoOSnMJ — Benjamin Netanyahu (@netanyahu) October 12, 2017
Israel's reluctance can be seen from the prism of its long-standing animosity with the Hamas.
Having fought three wars with Gaza since 2005, Israel fears Hamas taking over the reins of the West Bank too in the next elections — if the deal is implemented in spirit.
An article in Jerusalem Post, a right-wing newspaper in Israel, stated that the Hamas will never change its tactics and will continue to control a militia which will threaten Israel. Comparing Hamas' urge to maintain an active militia to Hezbollah, the report said that Israel must stop Gaza from becoming another Lebanon.
On the other hand, Fatah and Israel have had tense but comparatively better relations, as the Jewish state recognises Fatah as the sole representative of the Palestinians.
Hamas has been advocating for an Islamist state, which encompasses all of Israel as well as the Palestinian territories. On the other hand, the Fatah and the larger PLO envisages an Arab nationalist-cum-socialist state. Israel's opposition, thus, stems from the existential crisis that it may have to face if the deal succeeds.
With inputs from AFP
Updated Date: Oct 13, 2017 13:33 PM