Ethiopia shifts focus from war to economy, U.N. worries about Tigray

By Jackson Njehia and Stephanie Nebehay NAIROBI/GENEVA (Reuters) - Ethiopia's prime minister shifted his focus away from war on Wednesday, opening a cross-border highway to Kenya at the opposite end of his country, while the United Nations voiced alarm over ongoing fighting in the northern Tigray region. Abiy Ahmed cut the ribbon on a mega-highway linking south Ethiopia with Kenya's port of Mombasa, alongside Kenyan counterpart President Uhuru Kenyatta, as part of Ethiopia's aspirations to become a regional powerhouse

Reuters December 10, 2020 00:11:10 IST
Ethiopia shifts focus from war to economy, U.N. worries about Tigray

Ethiopia shifts focus from war to economy UN worries about Tigray

By Jackson Njehia and Stephanie Nebehay

NAIROBI/GENEVA (Reuters) - Ethiopia's prime minister shifted his focus away from war on Wednesday, opening a cross-border highway to Kenya at the opposite end of his country, while the United Nations voiced alarm over ongoing fighting in the northern Tigray region.

Abiy Ahmed cut the ribbon on a mega-highway linking south Ethiopia with Kenya's port of Mombasa, alongside Kenyan counterpart President Uhuru Kenyatta, as part of Ethiopia's aspirations to become a regional powerhouse.

"Just like the infrastructure, we should work on peace and security," he said at the border town of Moyale, refraining from mentioning Tigray. "Peace is a foundation for everything we are aspiring to transform (in) the life our people."

War since Nov. 4 between Ethiopia's federal forces and the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) is thought to have killed thousands and displaced more than 950,000 people, according to U.N. estimates, some 50,000 of them into Sudan.

It could also hurt an economy that had been soaring, albeit from a low base, becoming the world's fastest growing in 2017, driven by agricultural exports and heavy infrastructure spending it hoped would drive a manufacturing boom.

Ethiopia was for years attempting to position itself as an emerging industrial hub that would draw its 115 million population - the second largest in Africa - off subsistence farms and into factories.

For more than a decade, the government poured billions of dollars into hydro-electric dams, industrial parks, railways and highways. Then when Abiy took power in 2018, he began opening up sectors like telecoms to private investment.

Those aspirations are now at risk, as the instability scares off investors already skittish about the impact of COVID-19 and rapidly-rising Ethiopian government debt. Foreign textiles firms are worried about existing investments.

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For a story on the impact of the war on Ethiopia's manufacturing dreams, click on

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Abiy and Kenyatta later flew to inspect the building of a port at Kenya's Lamu, which will service Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan via planned rail lines, roads and a pipeline.

"WORRYING, VOLATILE"

U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said in Geneva that events in Tigray were still "worrying and volatile" and called for civilians to be protected

"Fighting continues between federal forces and the TPLF, and affiliated militias on both sides," she told reporters, citing clashes near the towns of Mekelle, Sherero, Axum, Abiy Addi.

A government spokesman did not immediately respond to a request for comment. TPLF leaders could not be reached.

Abiy declared victory after capturing the regional capital Mekelle, but TPLF leaders say their combat continues from surrounding hills.

Both sides' claims are difficult to check, as most communications in Tigray are down and access is severely restricted. Journalists need a permit to travel outside the capital Addis Ababa.

Aid agencies signed a deal with the government last week for safe access to Tigray, home to more than 5 million people, of whom 600,000 needed food handouts even before the war.

But the shooting at, and then detaining of, a U.N. security team on its way to a refugee camp by Ethiopian federal forces on Sunday highlighted how difficult implementing that deal will be. The government said they defied two checkpoints.

(Reporting by Jackson Njehia and Duncan Miriri in Nairobi, Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva, Addis Ababa newsroom; Writing by Tim Cocks; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

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