Democrats sharpen impeachment knives; Republicans circle wagons around Trump
By David Morgan WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Democrats on Monday sought to bolster the case for impeaching President Donald Trump, describing his pressuring of Ukraine to investigate a political rival as a 'clear and present danger' to free and fair elections and national security. In a raucous hearing that could lay the groundwork for a vote later this week on formal impeachment charges in the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, the top Democrat on the panel said there was extensive proof of Trump's wrongdoing
By David Morgan
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Democrats on Monday sought to bolster the case for impeaching President Donald Trump, describing his pressuring of Ukraine to investigate a political rival as a "clear and present danger" to free and fair elections and national security.
In a raucous hearing that could lay the groundwork for a vote later this week on formal impeachment charges in the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, the top Democrat on the panel said there was extensive proof of Trump's wrongdoing.
"The evidence shows that Donald J. Trump, the president of the United States, has put himself before his country. He has violated his most basic responsibilities to the people. He has broken his oath," Representative Jerrold Nadler said in an opening statement.
Republicans fired back, peppering the hearing with objections, points of order and other parliamentary manoeuvres, forcing Nadler to gavel them into silence. The proceedings were briefly disrupted by a man who shouted that Democrats were committing treason before he was led away by police.
"Presumption has now become the standard instead of truth," said Representative Doug Collins, the ranking Republican on the panel. "They’re desperate to have an impeachment vote on this president."
The hearing on Monday was a key step before determining charges, known as articles of impeachment, that the full Democratic-controlled House is likely to vote on before Christmas.
If Trump is impeached, a trial would be held in the Republican-controlled Senate, where a two-thirds majority of those present would be needed to vote to remove the president from office. A conviction is considered unlikely.
The heart of the impeachment battle, which has divided Americans, is whether Trump abused his power by pressuring Ukraine to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden, who is seeking the Democratic nomination to face Trump in the 2020 election, and then obstructed Congress' investigation.
Trump denies wrongdoing and has called the probe a hoax.
The House Judiciary panel is expected to vote by the end of the week on whether to send formal charges to the full House.
That would set up an inevitable clash with the White House and its Republican allies, who have branded the impeachment inquiry a fanciful but not factual effort by Democrats to unseat a president who has done nothing to merit removal from office.
No current House Republican has come out in favour of impeaching Trump.
The White House has refused to participate in the hearings in the House, including those before the Judiciary Committee, because it says the process is unfair.
White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham tweeted during Monday's testimony that there was no evidence of wrongdoing by Trump and that "there's no obstruction whatsoever."
In a letter to Collins, Nadler denied Republicans' request for eight witnesses to appear before the inquiry.
It has been 20 years since Americans last witnessed impeachment proceedings, when Republicans brought charges against Democratic President Bill Clinton arising from a sexual relationship he had with a White House intern. He was acquitted in the Senate.
After weeks of investigation into Trump's request that Ukraine investigate Biden and his businessman son, Hunter Biden, the committee is focused on two articles charging Trump with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
Democrats have accused Trump of abusing his power by withholding $391 million in security aid to Ukraine - a vulnerable U.S. ally facing Russian aggression - and holding back a coveted White House meeting with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy as leverage to pressure Kiev into investigating the Bidens.
But they appeared to back away from basing one of the articles of impeachment on former Special Counsel Robert Mueller's report on Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections. Some Democrats believe Trump's campaign colluded with Moscow, an allegation that has been denied by Trump and was not established by Mueller's probe.
Daniel Goldman, the majority counsel for the House Intelligence Committee, picked up on Democrats' argument that leaving Trump in office would open the door to further undermining of the U.S. electoral process.
"Trump's persistent and continuing effort to coerce a foreign country to help him cheat to win an election is a clear and present danger to our free and fair elections and to our national security," Goldman said during Monday's hearing.
Stephen Castor, a Republican attorney, said the inquiry had uncovered no direct evidence of impeachable offences and that Democrats' case boiled down to a small part of Trump's July 25 phone call with Zelenskiy. It was during that call that Trump sought investigations of the Bidens and a debunked theory that Ukraine, not Russia, interfered in the 2016 U.S. election.
"To impeach a president who 63 million people voted for over eight lines in a call transcript is baloney. Democrats seek to impeach president Trump ... because they disagree with his policies," Castor said.
Separately, the U.S. Justice Department's internal watchdog said on Monday it found numerous errors but no evidence of political bias by the FBI in opening a probe into contacts between Trump's presidential campaign and Russia in 2016.
Democrats intend to decide which articles to bring forward after Monday's hearing, which also showcased the findings of a 300-page report by Intelligence Committee Democrats that levels allegations of sweeping abuse of power against Trump.
Republicans have their own, 110-page report, which argues that the inquiry has relied on "unelected bureaucrats" who "fundamentally disagreed with President Trump's style, world view and decisions" but presented no evidence amounting to an impeachable offence.
(Reporting by David Morgan, Susan Heavey, Patricia Zengerle, Susan Cornwell, Tim Ahmann, Mark Hosenball and Lisa Lambert; Writing by Paul Simao; Editing by Soyoung Kim, Peter Cooney and Jonathan Oatis)
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By Robin Emmott and John Irish | BRUSSELS/PARIS BRUSSELS/PARIS France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.The decision to allow the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda."NATO as an institution will join the coalition," said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions. "The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States
BEIJING Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for greater efforts to make the country's navy a world class one, strong in operations on, below and above the surface, as it steps up its ability to project power far from its shores.China's navy has taken an increasingly prominent role in recent months, with a rising star admiral taking command, its first aircraft carrier sailing around self-ruled Taiwan and a new aircraft carrier launched last month.With President Donald Trump promising a US shipbuilding spree and unnerving Beijing with his unpredictable approach on hot button issues including Taiwan and the South and East China Seas, China is pushing to narrow the gap with the U.S. Navy.Inspecting navy headquarters, Xi said the navy should "aim for the top ranks in the world", the Defence Ministry said in a statement about his visit."Building a strong and modern navy is an important mark of a top ranking global military," the ministry paraphrased Xi as saying.