Are Boeing Starliner's chosen astronauts seeing the frontier of commercial spaceflight?
The Starliner mission, originally slated for August 2019, has been delayed to at least end of the year, possibly 2020.
A crew of veteran US astronauts and aviators are training in Houston for a manned mission to the International Space Station aboard Boeing's new Starliner spacecraft, which could also be used to take tourists into space on future missions.
The Boeing Starliner mission was originally scheduled for this month, but that has been delayed to at least the end of the year or into 2020 due to technical issues and amid a shakeup in the top echelons of the space agency.
Boeing and rival Elon Musk's SpaceX are competing with each other to become the first private company to resume human space flight from US soil after the space shuttle program ended in 2011.
The companies, with cutting-edge technology, are among those poised to benefit most from the enormous growth opportunities many see in the world’s burgeoning commercial space industry.
NASA has been relying for years on Russian rockets and spacecraft to transport personnel to the space station. The $100 billion science and engineering laboratory, orbiting 250 miles (400 km) above Earth, has been permanently staffed by rotating crews of astronauts and cosmonauts since November 2000.
NASA is paying SpaceX and Boeing nearly $7 billion combined to build rocket-and-capsule launch systems for ferrying astronauts to the space station.
Reuters was given rare access at Houston’s Johnson Space Center to NASA astronauts Nicole Mann and Mike Fincke, and Boeing astronaut and test pilot Christopher Ferguson, who will crew the ISS mission, along with other astronauts training for future missions.
The exercises included training underwater to simulate spacewalks, responding to emergencies aboard the space station, and practicing docking maneuvers on a flight simulator.
Here’s a closer look at the three astronauts training for the ISS flight.
Ferguson, a former NASA astronaut and retired US Navy captain, who helped design the way the crew interacts with the automated Boeing CST-100 Starliner, will lead its maiden voyage.
“They (Boeing) knew how big it was going to be, how it was going to be powered, but they really hadn’t thought a whole lot about what the inside would be and how does the crew interface with the vehicle that’s designed to operate automatically,” said Ferguson.
The design “is a great compromise between keeping it minimalistic yet at the same time giving the pilot the ability to understand where am I, where do I need to be, how am I going to get there, if things go wrong how do I fix them.”
"It comes down to watching (the spacecraft’s) behavior," said Ferguson, who led NASA’s final space shuttle mission in 2011 and spent more than 40 days in space over his career. "We just want to make sure it doesn’t throw us a curveball."
It will be the first trip into space for Mann, 42, a former Navy combat pilot, who said she was looking forward to the excitement a fresh American-based crewed mission to space would create among a young generation that did not grow up watching Apollo and shuttle missions as their parents and grandparents did.
“And so I think it’s going to be huge for Americans. It’s going to be huge for the younger generation to see us launching from American soil, that we’re bringing work and industry back to the United States.
“I think it’ll open up a lot more jobs. It’ll open a lot more innovation for that young generation. And there’s a big future of spaceflight in front of us.”
ASA deputy head Anthony Murfett said NASA was by technology to remotely control huge dump trucks, from 1,600 km, that transport iron ore from mines in northwest Australia.
The Dark Ages ended when gravity formed the first stars and galaxies that eventually began to emit the first light and astronomers don’t know when it happened, the best guess is that it was several hundred million years after the Big Bang.
Temperature is a key factor in decomposition. On the Moon, for example, temperatures can range from 120°C to -170°C. Bodies could therefore show signs of heat-induced change or freezing damage