FP TrendingMay 21, 2020 15:28:06 IST
NASA had decided to name the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) as the Nancy Grace Roman or Roman Space Telescope after the astronomer who is considered as the “Mother” of Hubble Space Telescope programme.
The telescope is currently under development and is expected to be launched by mid-2020s. According to NASA, the telescope will investigate long-distance astronomical mysteries, including the force behind the expansion of the universe, and search for distant planets beyond our solar system.
The Roman Space Telescope or the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) is the US space agency’s next-generation space telescope. According to NASA, the Roman Space Telescope will be its observatory designed to settle essential questions in the areas of dark energy, exoplanets and infrared astrophysics.
The primary mirror of the telescope is 2.4 metres in diameter, similar to that of the Hubble Space Telescope. The Roman Space Telescope has two instruments – the wide-field instrument and a technology demonstration coronagraph instrument.
NASA said that the wide-field instrument will allow the telescope to capture more of the sky with less observing time, while the coronagraph instrument will perform high contrast imaging and spectroscopy of individual nearby exoplanets.
Who is Nancy Grace Roman?
Nancy Grace Roman is NASA’s first chief astronomer and was among the main architects of the Hubble Space Telescope that was launched 30 years ago.
Roman wanted to be an astronomer when she was in her seventh grade. She joined NASA in 1959, six months after the space agency was established.
Roman served as the chief of astronomy. In an interview to NASA, she said, “I knew that taking on this responsibility would mean that I could no longer do research, but the challenge of formulating a program from scratch that I believed would influence astronomy for decades to come was too great to resist.”
Under the leadership of Roman, NASA launched four Orbiting Astronomical Observatories between 1966 and 1972.
She is credited for the Hubble Space Telescope and convinced NASA and the US Congress that it was a priority to launch the most powerful space telescope of the world.
Roman also championed the International Ultraviolet Explorer, which was built in the 1970s and the Cosmic Background Explorer, which measured the leftover radiation from the big bang.
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