NCRB report shows trends in cybercrime in cities, states and union territories and it contains some surprising insights

Among all the metropolitan cities in the country, Mumbai came up on top for the city with the most cybercrime.


The NCRB report on crimes in India for 2016 is a vast trove of information containing details on the kind of crimes committed across the nation. The statistics for cybercrime contain various types of offences, the motives of the crimes, the locations in which the crimes were committed, and the what acts or sections of the law they were tried under.

We have converted the tables to interactive charts to allow you to easily explore the data for yourself. The charts are split into three categories, cities, states and Union Territories.

 NCRB report shows trends in cybercrime in cities, states and union territories and it contains some surprising insights

Image: Reuters

Mumbai emerged on top as the city with the most cybercrime, and Uttar Pradesh was on top of the list when it came to states with the most cybercrime. Among the Union Territories, it was predictably Delhi which came up on top. The breakdown by motive shows some interesting insights, such as Lucknow having a penchant for pranks and a high incidence of cybercrime in Hyderabad being motivated by hate.

Bengaluru and Karnataka both top the list when the crime was stealing information for espionage. Mumbai and Maharashtra top the lists when the motive was "insult to the modesty of women" or "sexual exploitation." Andaman and Nicobar islands saw a spike in cybercrime as well.

Cities

The key takeaway for the city-based data was Mumbai coming on top as the city with the most cybercrime. The population and connectivity in the city played a role, but cybersecurity experts felt that more could have been done to address the situation when it came to tackling cybercrime in the financial capital of India. In 2014 and 2015, the highest number of cybercrime cases were seen in the city of Bengaluru, which came in second place this year.

The administration was quick to respond to the concerns over Mumbai emerging as the city with the most amount of cybercrime. The Mumbai Police has committed to setting up dedicated cyber cells in every police station by 9 December. The police cells will deal with the cases related to cybercrime, except those that require technical expertise. The police force has initiated a five-day long training program so that the personnel can handle the cyber crime cases. Hyderabad, Lucknow, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Mumbai were the 5 cities with the most cybercrime. The amount of cybercrime has been reducing significantly every year in Hyderabad. Kanpur saw a sharp decline in cybercrime incidents as well. 

"Illegal Gain" was the most common motives for the crimes. The motive breakdown provides some insights into what kind of crime is perpetrated in which cities. Bengaluru and Pune each saw two cases of piracy.

 

The data also contains if the crime committed fell under the Information Technology Act, the Indian Penal Code (IPC), or Special and Local Laws (SLL) where the crime was committed through the agency of a computer or a machine was the target of the crime. Mumbai surprisingly did not top the charts when it came to IT Act related cases, with Bengaluru emerging in the top spot.

States

Among the 29 states in India, Uttar Pradesh saw the most amount of cybercrime with Maharashtra coming in close behind at the second spot. The two were neck to neck in 2015, and Maharashtra saw more cybercrime than Uttar Pradesh in 2014. Karnataka, Telangana, Odisha and Kerala saw singificant dips in cybercrime as compared to the previous years. Generally, the seven sisters, with the exception of Assam, consistently have a very low rate of cybercrime.

The Statewise breakdown also provides insights into the motives in the crimes committed in these states. Assam came up on top in cases where revenge or political motives was the intent of the crime. Uttar Pradesh saw the highest incidence of blackmail and "inciting hate crimes against a community". Uttar Pradesh clearly has an infestation of trolls as it also tops the list where the motive is "Prank/ Satisfaction of Gaining Control".

 

Uttar Pradesh tops the list of cases falling under the IT Act with Karnataka coming in second and Assam coming in third. Maharashtra is the clear leader when it comes to crimes falling under the IPC, with more than four times the number of cases seen in any other state. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka top the list when it comes to crimes that fall under SLL.

 

Union Territories

Delhi and Chandigarh came on top of the list with the most cybercrime among Union Territories. However, Chandigarh actually saw a drop in cybercrime as compared to the previous year, the only Union Territory to do so. The amount of cybercrime in Puducherry increased again after reducing in 2015.

 

Chandigarh was the lone Union Territory to report a case of extortion or blackmail. Apart from "Illegal Gain" and "Others" as the motives, there were few or no cases with cybercrime in the Union Territories.

 

Delhi came in first, and Chandigarh came in second for all cases under the IT Act, the IPC and the SLL.

The cybercrime section of the report gives policy makers and governmental departments a picture of what kind of measures need to be put into place to tackle the situation.

The report can be found on the NCRB website.


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