About Chandrayaan 2

Chandrayaan 2 is India's second mission to the moon. And this time, we won't just be orbiting the moon, we'll be landing on it.



At 640 tonnes, the GSLV Mk-III is the heaviest rocket built by India and the ideal vehicle for carrying out the Chandrayaan 2 mission.

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Lunar Orbiter

Space Cadet

This spacecraft will map the lunar surface for at least a year from an orbit of 100 km. It will also help relay the rover's findings.

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Lunar Lander


The lander has been named Vikram after the father of India's space program, Vikram Sarabhai, and will execute a soft landing on the Moon.

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Lunar Rover


Pragyan the rover travels on six wheels and moves at a speed of one centimeter per second. It uses solar energy to power it.

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Fun Facts


The moon, being the closest celestial body to us, is a promising testbed to document, explore and test tech for future deep-space missions


The moon is a window into Earth’s early history – an undisturbed historical record of the inner solar system’s environment over billions of years


Chandrayaan 2 will be the first space mission to attempt a soft-landing in the Moon's South Polar Region


Chandrayaan 2's orbiter's mission life will be one year, while those of the lander (Vikram) and rover (Pragyan) will be one lunar day, which is 14 earth days


Apart from studying the moon's surface, Chandrayaan 2 will also examine the satellite's outer atmosphere


Chandrayaan 2 has several experiments onboard to study the moon's topography, seismic activity, mineral and chemical composition of the surface and the moon's atmosphere


Chandrayaan 2 is a precursor to an even-more ambitious mission, the Gaganyaan project, which aims to place three Indians in space by 2022


The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter will observe and map the surface from a 100 km altitude, but the lander and rover will study the landing site up-close


There have been 38 attempts from the world over to soft-land on the moon, of which only 52% have succeeded


Chandrayaan 2 will map the surface of the South Polar Region, determine its mineral & chemical composition and seismic activity in 3D