The 31-year-old from Northern Ireland will be among the favourites when the Farmers Insurance Open tees off Thursday on the same layout where the US Open will be contested in June.
The police statement said the arrest was authorised by Brazil's top court and the man would be held until his extradition to Argentina.
US Open 2020: Tiger Woods must feed off buddy-cum-rival Justin Thomas to ensure longer stay at Winged Foot
Thomas met Woods for the first time in 2015 at the Players Championship and became friends from there on and it grew as Thomas spent a lot of time when Woods was going through a tough period with his back and other injuries.
Justin Thomas took a one-shot lead over Patrick Reed, Thomas Pieters of Belgium and Matthew Wolff, the 21-year-old Californian making his US Open debut after the first round.
US Open Golf: Cancelling British Open helped keep major at Winged Foot, course rotation, other talking points
Winged Foot is about 5 miles from one of the early hot spots of the coronavirus. Mike Davis, the CEO, said the USGA was on the verge of taking the US Open to Los Angeles in December as its best chance of playing it in 2020.
Koepka won his first major at the 2017 US Open at Erin Hills and defended the crown in 2018 at Shinnecock, the first player to win back-to-back US Open titles since Curtis Strange in 1988 and 1989.
Coronavirus Outbreak: Open Championship cancelled, Masters moves to November slot due to the pandemic
This is the first time since the second World War that golf’s original Open Championship, first played in 1860, has been cancelled.
US Open Golf: Gary Woodland smothers defending champion Brooks Koepka's bid for history with maiden major win
Woodland punctuated the victory with a birdie bomb at 18, a final flourish in a display of back-nine fortitude that saw him convert a 54-hole lead for the first time in eight career attempts.
US Open 2019: Brooks Koepka chases third straight title, Tiger Woods goes for 16th major at Pebble Beach
Tiger Woods said the 7,075-yard, par-71 US Open course is playing similarly to the last time it hosted the major in 2010, when Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell won.
McIlroy, who won the US Open at a rain-softened Congressional in 2011, has finished in the top 10 in 10 of the 12 tournaments he has played in this year.
Tiger Woods has dropped outside the top 1,000 players in the world for the first time in his professional career according to the latest rankings on Monday.