Minister of State for External Affairs VK Singh on Thursday left for South Sudan leading the government's 'Operation Sankat Mochan' to evacuate Indians from the African country.
At least 272 people have been killed during fighting that broke out Friday and resumed on Sunday and Monday in South Sudan.
A ceasefire in Juba appeared to hold for a second straight day after intense fighting killed hundreds of people and forced thousands to flee their homes.
The US military in Africa said on Wednesday that it has sent 40 additional soldiers to South Sudan's capital, Juba, to help secure American personnel and facilities in the war-torn city, while South Sudanese trying to flee the country by road reported attacks, killings and robberies by armed men.
South Sudan's vice president has withdrawn with his troops to outside of Juba but is not planning for war, his spokesman said on Wednesday, as a ceasefire that ended heavy fighting with the president's forces entered its third day.
A task force has been set up to keep a close tab on the developments there, Sushma Swaraj said
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees on Tuesday appealed to armed parties in South Sudan to ensure safe passage for people fleeing the fighting that erupted late last week in Juba.
At least 36,000 people have fled their homes in Juba since heavy fighting erupted in the South Sudanese capital on Friday, said the United Nations.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the Security Council on Monday to impose an arms embargo on South Sudan, sanction leaders and commanders who are blocking the implementation of a peace deal and fortify a UN peacekeeping mission.
Eight people have been killed and 67 injured at the UN's so-called "Protection of Civilian" sites in Juba since Sunday.
Five years after gaining independence from Sudan, South Sudan is entangled and paralysed from an escalating violence. 115 soldiers were reportedly killed after gun battles broke out across South Sudan’s capital Juba on its fifth independence anniversary.
Bhupat Patel, an Indian resident in South Sudan, tweeted to Swaraj asking for help, saying that they are stuck in between heavy gunfire.
The United States demanded an immediate end to renewed fighting in the capital of South Sudan, ordering all non-essential personnel out of the troubled country.
Heavy fighting erupted in South Sudan's capital on Sunday as former rebels and government soldiers exchanged fire again.
Friday's violence in South Sudan is yet another blow to a shaky peace deal that has so far failed to end the civil war that broke out in December 2013.
The gunfire began outside the presidential compound and soon spread through the city of Juba.
The violence echoed the skirmish between soldiers in Juba in 2013 that sparked the country's civil war in which tens of thousands of people were killed.
The conflict in South Sudan was characterised by widespread atrocities including mass killings, rape and torture, Amnesty said.
India was on Wednesday ranked low at 141st place on a Global Peace Index making it less peaceful than countries like Burundi, Serbia and Burkina Faso – with violence taking a $680-billion toll on its economy in 2015.
The technology of warfare has changed tremendously over the years, but its tactic — of widespread rape and enslaving of women — has not