In his petition, Krishna says that these regulations will result in "over-censorship and snuffing out dissenting and contrarian voices under pressured wielded by majoritarian groups."
IT Rules 2021 explained: Non-compliance will expose WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter to significant liability
It is unlikely that the intermediaries will be banned from operating in India for non-compliance. However, it may render their operations non-viable as they may be required to proactively monitor their platforms so as to avoid incurring liability
WhatsApp says making its messages traceable 'would severely undermine the privacy of billions of people who communicate digitally and effectively impair its security'