The 29-year-old American, who claimed Olympic gold in Rio de Janeiro in 2016 and also won world gold in Moscow in 2013, was charged with "tampering" with part of a doping control, the AIU said.
The court also received an appeal by the World Athletics governing body against a decision to clear women's 400-meter world champion Salwa Eid Naser on a technicality despite facing similar charges as Coleman.
Coleman, who won the men's 100 metres at last year's World Championships in Doha in a world-leading time for the season of 9.76 seconds, was provisionally suspended for three 'whereabouts failures' in June.
The AIU charged Coleman for missed tests in January and December 2019, as well as for a "filing failure" last April.
World 100m champion Christian Coleman provisionally suspended by Athletics Integrity Unit for breaching whereabouts rules
Coleman is temporarily banned from competition until a final decision at a hearing conducted under the World Athletics Anti-Doping Rules or the Integrity Code of Conduct.
Coleman is a favorite for Olympic gold in the 100-meter dash heading into the Tokyo Games that have been postponed to next summer due to the coronavirus pandemic.
At first glance, America's Justin Gatlin and Jamaica's Asafa Powell might seem like relics from a bygone age of sprinting. In reality, they're still in the mix — and not even a year-long postponement of the Tokyo Olympics is going to shut them down.
Tokyo Olympics 2020: Canada's Andre De Grasse has opportunity to be part of sprint show after postponement of Games
Andre De Grasse now has the chance to be a major part of the sprint show at the Tokyo Games.
Tokyo Olympics 2020: Usain Bolt picks USA's Christian Coleman as 100-metre favourite for showpiece event
Usain Bolt has some advice for speedy Kansas City Chiefs wide receiver Tyreek Hill: Forget trying to make the US team for the Tokyo Olympics.
World Athletics boss Sebastian Coe says athletics on course to challenge traditionally popular sports after 'year of innovation'
Taking stock of the year, which saw the successful hosting of the World Championships in Doha and the re-branding of the IAAF as World Athletics, Coe promised to ring in more changes in the coming years
Tokyo Olympics 2020: Russia high jumper Ilya Ivanyuk says country being scrutinised too much for doping
The 26-year-old Ivanyuk referred to American doping controversies, including missed tests by Christian Coleman, world champion in the 100 metres
World Athletics Championships 2019: Despite standout performances, track and field still in search of next big star after Usain Bolt
The debate about the wisdom of bringing the IAAF's biggest competition to a country that is still gearing up to host the biggest in any sport — the 2022 FIFA World Cup — haunted this event from the get-go
World Athletics Championships 2019: Under-fire for empty stands, stifling heat, Qatar sees packed houses in final weekend
The rousing end to the championships provided an upbeat note for a sport that continues to wrestle with a Russian doping scandal, with the country’s federation banned from the event
World Athletics Championships 2019: Noah Lyles, Christian Coleman target Tokyo Olympics after US renaissance
Christian Coleman, the newly crowned 100m world champion, and Noah Lyles, the victor in the 200m, delivered performances in Doha that suggest they are capable of dominating for years to come.
World Athletics Championships 2019: IAAF reduces use of new ‘crotch cameras’ after backlash from athletes
With cameras in the starting blocks peering up the legs of athletes into their eyes, television viewers have been taken closer to the action than ever before at the World Championships. Just too up close and personal for some athletes.
World Athletics Championships 2019: US sprinter Christian Coleman withdraws from men's 200m citing 'strain'
American Christian Coleman’s dream of adding the 200 metres to the 100 metre world title he won on Saturday has ended after he pulled out of Sunday’s opening round because he was still “feeling the strain”.
World Athletic Championships 2019: US sprinter Christian Coleman roars to 100m title, race walkers tame heat
Christian Coleman, who escaped a doping ban earlier this month on a technicality, swept over the 100m finish line in a world-leading personal best of 9.76sec to claim his first major outdoor championship gold medal.
Christian Coleman will aim to clinch his first major championship outdoor title at the Khalifa Stadium, just weeks after escaping a lengthy anti-doping ban because of a technicality.
World Athletics Championships 2019: Ruth Chepngetich braves brutal conditions to win women's marathon
Kenya's Ruth Chepngetich powered through brutal heat and humidity to win gold in the women's marathon on Saturday, bringing the curtain down on a dramatic opening day at the World Athletics Championships in Doha.
A total of 1,972 athletes from 208 countries and territories will compete in the Athletics Championships, which are seen as an important staging post as Qatar prepares for the challenge of hosting football's World Cup in 2022.