The Commonwealth Championship gold medallist lifted 309kg — 139kg in snatch followed by 170kg in clean and jerk.
Jeremy Lalrinnunga, who was placed 22nd in the 67kg category before this event, was competing to improve his points which would help him seal an Olympic berth based on the continental quota.
Jhilli's gold was India's second medal of the tournament as star weightlifter Mirabai Chanu smashed the world record in the clean and jerk category en-route a bronze medal.
Asian Weightlifting Championship: Former world champion Mirabai Chanu misses out on 49kg bronze despite lifting personal best
Mirabai Chanu had missed the World Championships last year, a gold level Olympic qualifier, owing to a back injury which had also forced her out of the Asian Games in Jakarta
Asian Weightlifting Championships: Indian lifters, led by Mirabai Chanu, begin campaign with eye on Tokyo Olympics 2020
While none of the athletes will be able to qualify for the Olympics from this tournament alone, a good performance at the gold-level Olympic qualifying event will bolster their chances of making it to the Tokyo Games next year.