For Tokyo Games, both the testing and the sanctioning components of the anti-doping system will be independent of the IOC. The ITA and the Court of Arbitration for Sport Anti-doping Division (CAS ADD) will handle these respectively.
Sport's top court upheld an appeal by World Athletics against a ruling by the federation's own disciplinary tribunal which had cleared Nigerian-born Naser of missing doping tests.
The World Anti-Doping Agency on Friday approved an innovative method of screening dried blood for banned substances which will be trialled for the Tokyo Olympics
The Chinese swimmer was accused of destroying a blood vial with a hammer when collectors visited his home in September 2018.
The US groups call for an independent governance structure for WADA with no sport official being allowed to serve on WADA's executive committee, with that body to include "independent athletes and be empowered to discuss change impacting them and their colleagues."
Naser ran the fastest women’s 400 since 1985 to win the world title 18 months ago in Doha, Qatar, while she was under investigation.
The ANA scheme allows Russian competitors who meet strict anti-doping criteria to participate in global track and field events, but under a neutral flag and in neutral clothing.
The tribunal resumes in Manchester on Wednesday and is set to determine whether Freeman can continue to work as a doctor as it considers sanctions.
Richard Freeman said, "I'm still shocked at this verdict. I've made plenty of mistakes, but I'm not a doping doctor." He insisted that he'd ordered testosterone to treat former performance director Shane Sutton's erectile dysfunction.
Dr Freeman had tried to claim the package of the Testogel product was to treat former British Cycling performance director Shane Sutton’s erectile dysfunction, but that was denied by the Australian in testimony to the hearing in 2019.
The Athletics Integrity Unit said the case involved “submission of forged documents and false explanations” in a 15-month probe into why high jumper Danil Lysenko wasn't available for drug testing.
The very fact that game developers are most affected by the success of their respective eSport makes it their responsibility to ensure the competitive integrity of the game is maintained.
Under the World Anti-Doping Code, samples can be stored for up to 10 years after their initial analysis and still retain the same legal impact if re-tested and prosecuted.
A virtual meeting of WADA's Foundation Board saw officials from both the global watch-dog and the United States voicing the need for cooperation.
The Court of Arbitration for Sport said it has moved next week's scheduled hearing for Salazar and endocrinologist Jeffrey Brown to a new slot from 3-12 March.
The three-judge panel has been asked by the World Anti-Doping Agency to ban Russia's name, flag and anthem from the Tokyo Olympics and 2022 Winter Games in Beijing, plus four years of world championships.
The AIU charged Coleman for missed tests in January and December 2019, as well as for a "filing failure" last April.
The slate of punishments proposed by WADA includes a ban on Russia’s flag, anthem and team name at the Tokyo Olympics next year and the 2022 Winter Games in Beijing.
Naser stunned athletics in Doha last year when she powered to the third-fastest 400m time in history to win the world title.
Freeman has previously admitted 18 of 22 charges, which include ordering 30 sachets of testosterone gel to the Manchester velodrome nine years ago and lying to British Cycling and UK Anti-Doping about making the order.