Champions League: Fabio Capello questions Juventus boss Andrea Pirlo over Cristiano Ronaldo's error against Porto
Juventus won the game 3-2 but was eliminated on away goals after Tuesday's match ended 4-4 on aggregate.
Pirlo's predecessors Maurizio Sarri and Massimiliano Allegri both paid the price for the club's failure to win Europe's top football competition.
Juve sit three points behind second-placed AC Milan, who host Udinese on Wednesday, with Inter Milan four points further clear ahead of their match at Parma on Thursday.
The draw gives leaders Inter Milan the chance to pull 10 points clear of Juventus when they play mid-table Genoa at the San Siro on Sunday.
Champions League: Andrea Pirlo's Juventus slammed as 'clueless and devoid of ideas' after Porto defeat
Corriere Dello Sport branded the defeat as Juventus' "worst match of the season". The Italian newspaper blasted the Turin side as "distracted and superficial" while describing star striker Cristiano Ronaldo as "a ghost".
Both Dybala and Bonucci will nevertheless make the trip to Portugal "because they all want to be close to the team," said manager Andrea Pirlo.
Andrea Pirlo's side will face one of Napoli or Atalanta, who are locked at 0-0 ahead of Wednesday's second leg in Bergamo, in May's final in Rome.
Serie A: Ronaldo marks turning 36 by helping Juventus beat Roma; Torino script incredible comeback to draw at Atalanta
Relegation-threatened Torino fought back from three goals down to draw at Atalanta in an extraordinary match in Bergamo.
Inter, who beat Juventus 2-0 last month in Serie A, have it all to do to keep their hopes of lifting a first Italian Cup since 2011 alive.
Khedira arrived in Berlin on Saturday and was due to undergo a medical check on Sunday. He is under contract at Juventus until the end of the season, but head coach Andrea Pirlo has yet to play him in 2020/21.
Cristiano Ronaldo can do what he wants, Juventus coach Andrea Pirlo says over COVID-19 protocol breach
"Ronaldo had the day off, he can do what he wants in his private life," Juventus coach Andrea Pirlo said, after Italian media reported the striker defied travel restrictions for his girlfriend Georgina Rodriguez's birthday.
Napoli are now equal on points with Lazio who rallied past Sassuolo, to stretch their winning streak to four games.
Juventus won the annual trophy, played between the league champions and Italian Cup holders, for the ninth time, having finished runners-up last year to Lazio.
Italian Super Cup: Clash of moods as Andrea Pirlo seeks first Juventus trophy against Gennaro Gattuso's Napoli
It will be the fourth Super Cup meeting between Juventus and Napoli. The southerners won in 1990 and 2014 and lost in 2012.
Serie A: Juventus manager Andrea Pirlo credits former boss Antonio Conte for inspiring coaching ambitions
Ex-Juve boss Conte, 51, led the Turin giants to the first three off their current run of nine Serie A titles with then midfielder Pirlo, 41, on his team.
Serie A: Juventus forward Paulo Dybala expected to be out for 20 days after picking up knee ligament injury
In a statement, Juventus said that Argentina forward Dybala had undergone examinations at the club's medical centre which revealed an injury to "the medial collateral ligament of the left knee with recovery times of approximately 15/20 days".
Juventus host Udinese on Sunday before taking on three of the top four this month, with six Serie A fixtures in addition to Italian Cup and SuperCup commitments.
Serie A: Cristiano Ronaldo, Leonardo Bonucci apologise for 'worst' Juventus performance of season against Fiorentina
Andrea Pirlo's Juventus have won just six of their 13 league games this season, with six draws and one defeat.
Inter played with the ferocity coach Antonio Conte had been demanding and Sassuolo barely had a sight of goal apart from a curled effort from Filip Đuričić that hit the outside of the right post.
Ronaldo first tested positive for COVID-19 on 13 October while playing with Portugal. He had been in self-isolation since returning to Italy.