Residents of Rajasthan's Dholpur, Karauli battle connectivity woes, lay blame at BJP MP's door

Converting the line to broad gauge will make travel between Dholpur and Gangapur City much more convenient. It will present new opportunities for development.

Editor's Note: A network of 60 reporters set off across India to test the idea of development as it is experienced on the ground. Their brief: Use your mobile phone to record the impact of 120 key policy decisions on everyday life; what works, what doesn't and why; what can be done better and what should be done differently. Their findings — straight and raw from the ground — will be combined in this series, Elections on the Go, over a course of 100 days.

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Jaipur: Water, electricity, roads, healthcare, and several other basic needs are what voters of most constituencies are demanding from their politicians. For locals of Dholpur and Karauli in Rajasthan, however, a broad-gauge railway line trumps all.

Citizens of these two districts in the eastern part of the state have been making the demand in vain for this railway line for the better part of two decades. And they have squarely laid the blame for this on BJP MP Manoj Rajoria, who, they allege, deliberately stopped ongoing railway work, thus denying lakhs of people the much-needed service. If Dholpur-Karauli and Gangapur are connected to the railway line, it will benefit about 25 lakh people.

Rajasthan will go to polls in two phases on 29 April and 6 May, and Dholpur and Karauli citizens are eager to ensure they teach the BJP a lesson this election.

The history and geography of it

Currently, there is no railway connectivity between Dholpur and Karauli. There’s only a narrow-gauge train between Dholpur city and Sarmathura town of Dholpur district, which has been operating for the last 114 years. Karauli is a further 44-odd kilometres away from Sarmathura.

Anglai station. Madhav Sharma/101Reporters

Anglai station has been declared as 'abandoned', but trains still halt here, and passengers get on for a free ride. Madhav Sharma/101Reporters

In the railway budget 2010-11, the then UPA government had announced the conversion of this narrow-gauge line into a broad-gauge one and its extension till Gangapur city in Sawai Madhopur district. Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, during his earlier tenure, had even inaugurated the new broad-gauge line in Sarmathura in 2013. However, after the BJP came to power, it changed the whole project plan.

In 2014, Dholpur-Karauli MP Rajoria wrote a letter to the then railway minister Suresh Prabhu seeking the declaration of the narrow-gauge railway line between Dholpur and Sarmathura as heritage and the laying of a fresh broad gauge rail line in parallel. The matter then reached the railway board, sources within which say that a survey had been carried out to determine if the narrow-gauge line could be given the heritage tag, but its report stated that the line’s condition was not ideal.

Since then, the whole issue has been in limbo — the current status is that the line is neither being converted into heritage nor broad gauge. Many of the stations on the Dholpur-Sarmathura route are in a deplorable condition. And to make matters worse, access roads to these stations are choc-a-bloc with encroachments.

One such is Angai station. The irony here is that the railways declared it ‘abandoned’, and yet, the train halts here; so passengers get on for a free ride. But reaching the station involves a 2-kilometre walk, courtesy illegal occupation of railway land by villagers, leaving no way for vehicles to go in.

Gone off track

Maybe the citizens should thank their stars that there is at least one train on that route? Not really, because if one were to see the pitiable and filthy condition of its bogies, which have no toilets, dirty or otherwise, it would become clear that the train doesn’t even classify as a part of “small mercies”.

A station master, on the condition of anonymity, tells this correspondent that the train fails to recover even the cost of the diesel it consumes every month — tickets barely totalling Rs 1 lakh are sold in a month, while the operating cost surpasses it by a mile.

Also, most of the railway crossings in the towns between Dholpur and Sarmathura are without any barriers, posing a safety risk.

Keeping these and many other problems in mind, its conversion to broad gauge and extension till Gangapur city had been announced in the 2010-11 railway budget. For this, approval for construction of 145.2 kilometres of railway line also had been given.

According to government records, 20 stations were to be constructed on this route, besides 269 bridges — 34 large bridges, 161 small bridges, 57 RUBs, and 17 ROBs. The cost had been pegged at Rs 2,030.5, which had been approved.

Till March 2017, Rs 12.23 crore had been spent, on a few bridges and other minor construction between Dholpur and Bari, and Rs 10 crore allotted for the year 2017-18 with no sign of any real progress in the work.

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…And they all jump on the (train)wagon

Congress candidate Sanjay Jatav from Dholpur-Karauli Lok Sabha constituency says, “The issue is topmost on my election agenda; if I get elected and reach Parliament, this will be the first task I’ll take up.

“Earlier, Rajoria got the work stopped, but now that the Congress government is back in Rajasthan, I will get the much-needed support to restart the project.”

The BJP, on the other hand, seems either overconfident or indifferent. This time, too, it is fielding Rajoria in the constituency. “The train that runs between Dholpur and Sarmathura is 114 years old; in that sense, it is the region’s heritage. Hence, it should be declared so,” Rajoria insists.

“The earlier Congress government did not even initiate the process of acquiring land for the project and merely inaugurated the line. How can it be laid when there is no land?”

On 15 April, at a Congress rally in Karauli, Gehlot raised the issue of the railway line in his speech and said, “Congress started it for the convenience of the people of Dholpur and Karauli, but Vasundhara Raje shut it down over vested interests.” A day earlier, on 14 April, Gehlot had also held a meeting in Gangapur City over the issue.

The railway station at Sarmathura. Madhav Sharma/101Reporters

The railway station at Sarmathura. Madhav Sharma/101Reporters

Congress MLA from Baseri seat in Dholpur district and former MP from Dholpur-Karauli Lok Sabha constituency, Khiladi Lal Bairwa says, “This railway line cannot be converted into heritage. The MP (Rajoria) misused his power when he stopped the work on that pretext. The old train’s parts are no longer easily available, and even the stations are crumbling as we speak. That’s why conversion from narrow gauge to broad gauge is of utmost urgency and importance. After the election, I will meet railway officials and try to restart the work.”

The line that needs to be drawn

Converting the line to broad gauge will make travel between Dholpur and Gangapur City much more convenient. It will present new opportunities for development and employment in the area as well as provide direct rail connectivity to many cities in south India from Gangapur city. It will also ensure better availability of direct trains from different parts of the country to reach the holy temple of Kaila Devi in Karauli district.

A local journalist further attests to the importance of a broad-gauge line. “Sandstone is a huge business in Dholpur; so if the broad-gauge line is introduced, it will benefit hundreds of traders. There will be more employment opportunities for the local youths, besides a direct and affordable means of connectivity between Karauli and Gangapur city. Also, those headed to south India will no longer have to travel to Dholpur or Delhi to find a train,” he says.

Both BJP and Congress leaders have made different claims and promises with respect to this issue, but citizens are done waiting and want the line up and running at the earliest.

As the Dholpur-Karauli constituency is reserved for the SC category, there is no caste, religion or any other national issue relevant right now; demand for the broad-gauge line, which has the potential to benefit over 25 lakh people from both districts, reigns supreme.

(The author is a Jaipur-based freelance writer and a member of 101Reporters)


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