Note ban: Govt may tax unaccounted deposit at 60%; move to tackle Jan Dhan misuse
Earlier, officials had said there would be a 200% penalty
The Cabinet on Thursday is believed to have discussed amending laws to levy close to 60 percent income tax on unaccounted deposits in banks above a threshold post demonetisation of high-denomination currency notes. This is against the earlier reports that suggested the penalty would be 200 percent.
The move comes amid banks reporting over Rs 21,000 crore being deposited in zero-balance Jan Dhan accounts in two weeks after the 500 and 1,000 rupee notes were banned, which authorities apprehend may be the laundered black money.
There was no official briefing on what transpired in the meeting that was called at short notice as Parliament is in session. Traditionally, there could be no disclosures outside on any policy decision taken during the sitting of Parliament.
Sources said the government was keen to tax all unaccounted money deposited in bank accounts after it allowed the banned currency to be deposited in bank accounts during a 50-day window from 10 November to 30 December.
There have been various statements on behalf of the government ever since the demonetisation scheme was announced on 8 November, which has led to fears of the taxman coming down heavily on suspicious deposits that could be made to launder black money.
Officials have even talked of a 30 percent tax plus a 200 percent penalty on top of a possible prosecution in cases where black money holders took advantage of the 50-day window for depositing the banned currency.
Sources said the government plans to bring an amendment to the Income Tax Act during the current winter session of Parliament to levy a tax that will be higher than 45 percent tax and penalty charged on black money disclosed in the one-time Income Disclosure Scheme that ended on 30 September.
As for those black money holders who did not utilise the window, they would be charged a higher rate which could be close to 60 percent that the foreign black money holder had paid last year.
Sources said the government is keen to root out benami deposits, particularly in Jan Dhan accounts.
A report in The Economic Times earlier had said that the tax evaders may be able to skirt the stringent penalty by declaring the income in this year's I-T returns. The amendment to I-T laws seems to be aimed at closing this loophole.
There was also talk of the government imposing a limit on domestic gold holding, but it is not clear if the proposal was discussed at the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday.
Modi's 8 November shock ban on high-denomination currency notes had swept away 86 percent of the currency in circulation in the biggest-ever crackdown on black money, corruption and counterfeit currency. The move had led to Rs 14 lakh crore worth currency being withdrawn from circulation.
The Cabinet meeting, summoned at a very short notice, comes amid reports of high tax penalty terrifying people from putting their cash savings in the formal banking system.
The sources said the government wants all of the 500 and 1,000 banknotes to be deposited and not burnt or destroyed for the fear of penal action.
The Income Tax Department had previously warned that cash deposits above Rs 2.5 lakh threshold post demonetisation decision could attract tax plus a 200 percent penalty in case of income mismatch.
It was stated that the department was tracking all cash deposited during the period of 10 November to 30 December, 2016, above a threshold of Rs 2.5 lakh in every account.
This had instilled fear in people with reports of the banned currency even being destroyed. The sources added that the government may come out with a deposit scheme or an instrument like bond where the cash savings in the banned notes could be deposited.
A 50-day window was given to holders of the old currency to deposit in their bank accounts. But the penal tax provisions were deterring many.
With inputs from PTI
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