Model Code of Conduct Tracker: Karnataka Congress asks EC to allow political parties to pre-view biopic on Narendra Modi

Auto Refresh Feeds
Model Code of Conduct Tracker: Karnataka Congress asks EC to allow political parties to pre-view biopic on Narendra Modi
  • 20:15 (IST)

    23 March, Saturday | Karnataka Congress asks EC to allow parties to pre-view biopic on Narendra Modi

    The Karnataka Congress asked the Election Commission to pre-view the biopic on Prime Minister Narendra Modi slated for screening on 5 April to ascertain whether it violated the model code of conduct and would influence free and fair elections.

    Referring to the trailer, the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee claimed scenes in it glorified arms and violence and urged the EC to allow political parties to pre-view the biopic and raise objections, if any, before its release.

    KPCC secretary AN Nataraj Gowda, its vice-president SA Ahmed and its secretary (legal cell) Surya Mukundaraj submitted a joint memorandum to the EC through the Karnataka chief electoral officer Sanjiv Kumar.

    PTI

  • 18:37 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | Rahul Gandhi's interaction with students of Stella Maris College did not violate MCC, says Tamil Nadu's chief election officer

    The Election Commission of India (ECI) on Thursday said that Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s interaction with students of a women’s college in Chennai did not violate the model code of conduct (MCC), though it has sought a report on his speech. Tamil Nadu Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Satyabrata Sahoo said local election officials have reported that there was no violation in terms of permission obtained by Stella Maris College for Women to host the interaction on 13 March. He said the District Electoral Officer (DEO) had informed him that “there was permission” for Rahul's event. “So, there is no violation of the MCC.” However, Sahoo sought “further information” on Rahul's speech. “Have sought further information on what kind of speech was given... have asked the DEO to give a report based on the speech content,” he said.

    PTI

  • 18:33 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | AAP leader Harpal Singh Cheema files complaint against Congress minister Vijay Inder Singla for influencing voters in Sangrur

    The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in Punjab, led by Leader of Opposition Harpal Singh Cheema, filed a complaint with the Chief Electoral Officer against cabinet minister Vijay Inder Singla for allegedly influencing voters of Sangrur by misusing his official position. Cheema alleged Singla had violated the model code of conduct by trying to induce voters by sanctioning funds worth crores for the repair of government schools. The delegation, through the written complaint, informed the CEO that the minister, who was a sitting MLA from and a prospective Lok Sabha candidate from Sangrur, misused his official position even as the model code of conduct had already in force since 10 March, making it mandatory for the state and central governments and the party candidates to stay away from making announcements in any shape with a view to alluring voters.

    Referring to a report published dated 17 March, 2019, Cheema said that the report proved the point that Singla had been indulging in the alleged disbursement of funds to the tune of crores of rupees, he alleged. The AAP leader further added that such blatant acts of violations proved beyond doubt the connivance of the state government with the staff coercing people of the state to fall in the trap by resorting to arm twisting methods used by the ruling party.

    If the violations of the model code of conduct, Cheema said, were not nipped in the bud, more serious violations by the ruling government could not be ruled out. The delegation has demanded that a  strict action must be taken against  Vijay Inder Singla, MLA, Sangrur, currently PWD Minister in Punjab cabinet for his indulgence in the flagrant violation of the model code of conduct and sanctioning the funds illegally to influence the voters in the Sangrur Parliamentary Constituency, from where he is a likely Congress candidate for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections.

  • 18:28 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | Mamata Banerjee says will take up the issue of ongoing schemes coming in the way of MCC with EC

    West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee said that state Chief Secretary Malay De will speak with the Election Commission and seek clarifications on whether the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) will come in the way of providing benefits in connection with the ongoing schemes involving public benefit that have been announced much before the announcement of the Lok Sabha elections. "Some people have come to us saying that they are not properly getting benefits from certain schemes like Rupashree and Samobyathi. We feel that there is no problem in continuing with the schemes of public interest that have been announced much earlier and are ongoing. We will take the matter up with the EC as the public will be suffering if such schemes are stopped with the MCC in effect," Banerjee told reporters.

  • 18:25 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | West Bengal tourism department cancels three e-tenders in view of MCC enforcement 

    The West Bengal tourism department has cancelled three e-tenders that were floated with an objective to boost the tourism sector in the state. The tenders were floated a few days before the announcement of Lok Sabha election dates and with the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) coming into effect, the department cancelled the tenders soon after the election dates were announced.  "The Prinicipal Secretary of our department (Atri Bhattacharya) does not want any complexities that may arise with the MCC coming into effect. So, he instructed us to cancel all the three e-tenders," a senior official of the state Tourism department said.

  • 18:20 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | Gujarat CEO gets 22 written poll code violation complaints in 10 days, 212 recorded on cVIGIL app

    In Gujarat, 22 MCC violation complaints have been received so far by the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) S Murali Krishna since 10 March, including three are against Congress Working Committee (CWC) meeting held in Adalaj, Gandhinagar on 12 March . Though all have been disposed off, the highest number of complaints are received from Ahmedabad district where six written complaints were registered. Surat followed with four. This included Surat’s Congress councillor Aslam Cyclewala’s complaint against BJP MP CR Patil for sharing a Facebook post of a picture with the Indian Army. The post was removed after it was brought to the notice of the CEO. Two MCC violation complaints were received from Gandhinagar, while remaining 10 complaints were received each from 10 different districts, sources revealed. These pertained to service matters including transfers and recruitment.

    Another 212 complaints were recorded on cVIGIL app from the state. Interestingly, out of these, 79 were dropped as they were either selfie pictures or selfie videos uploaded by the app users. Remaining 133 were investigated and disposed off, said CEO S Murali Krishna. The nature of these 133 complains ranged from violation in the form of money and liquor distribution, posters, banners and property defacement.

    Since the announcement of election dates till Wednesday, nearly one lakh posters, banners, hoardings others have been removed across the state. As per the details shared by the CEO, since 10 March, 6,850 cases under the prohibition Act, 405 under the Gujarat Act, 209 under the PASA have been registered, The Indian Express reported.

  • 18:17 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | Delhi BJP complaints against AAP leaders for hurting religious sentiments, creating communal disharmony 

    Leader of Opposition in Delhi Assembly Vijender Gupta and South Delhi MP Ramesh Bidhuri complained to Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora against AAP for violation of the prevailing Model Code of Conduct. Gupta said the AAP was violating the Model Code of Conduct by misusing picture of a cow and a calf for hurting sentiments of public at large and inciting religious differences amongst different groups with intent to disturb the peace and tranquillity among masses. And also, by engaging its MLAs in field inspections during installation of CCTV cameras in different colonies and markets.

    The BJP leaders lodged their protest on how the AAP still continued to use call centers for its misinformation campaign with regard to deletion and addition of names from voters’ list. The delegation submitted a memorandum against what the party termed was a “misinformation campaign” still being undertaken by AAP through its “hired, funded and managed call centres”.

    Gupta said on 16 March Raghav Chadha, a close associate of Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, posted on his twitter handle a picture in which a cow and a calf were shown standing at the door of a house with caption “Door to Door Campaign by BJP”. And instead of taking action against the defaulting leader, Kejriwal and other AAP leaders “liked” the post, thereby collaborating in violation of the Model Code of Conduct.  

  • 18:11 (IST)

    22 March, Friday | Trichy Police registers case against 10 people for taking out unauthorised procession to welcome TTV Dinakaran

    The city police in Trichy registered two cases against 10 people, including functionaries and cadres of the Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) for violating the model code of conduct (MCC) by taking out unauthorized procession and bursting crackers on Wednesday night. The Cantonment police registered the case against district president of the SDPI Hasan and eight others for coming in a procession by holding party flags near St Vestry school roundabout on Wednesday night to welcome AMMK deputy general secretary TTV Dhinakaran. Dhinakaran had visited Trichy to inaugurate the headquarters office for Trichy parliamentary constituency for AMMK candidate Sarubala Thondaiman. Police said that they had not taken permission from the election department for their procession.

  • 18:08 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | 683 litres of liquor seized so far in Punjab's Moga district

    The Moga district police has seized illegal liquor of 683 litres, including 11 litres of local brew 'lahan' since the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) came into force. 45 boxes of liquor were seized in a raid at a smuggler's house in Amritsar on Thursday.

  • 18:05 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Rampant poll code violations reported in Ranchi, paintings, banners of BJP, AAP found on walls

    Despite the model code of conduct being in force ahead of the general elections, a number of wall paintings, flags of political parties and posters can be seen on the walls of temples, government schools and residential buildings across the city, as per The Times of India's report,  Following the imposition of model code on March 10, the district electoral officer-cum-Ranchi DC had issued orders to remove political hoardings, banners and posters within 72 hours. Ranchi DC Rai Mahimapat Ray said: "Our teams are working round-the-clock since March 10 and we are registering FIRs against the violators on a daily basis. We are also tracking the C-vigil application and the complaints are being addressed within 100 minutes. If any violation comes to light, an FIR will be registered against the violators immediately."

  • 18:02 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Two cases of MCC violation registered in Tamil Nadu's Tirpur for defacement of public property

    The Tirupur rural police registered two cases of violation of the election model code of conduct. In Palladam, G Saravanan of Sulur was booked for erected a flex banner without permission. The FIR says he was booked for disturbing the public during election. Whereas, the Vellakoil police booked MDMK cadre for writing on a public wall. Both the cases were registered under sections of the Tamil Nadu Open Places (Prevention of Disfigurement) Act, 1959, The Times of India reported.

  • 17:54 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Two cases of MCC violation registered in Tamil Nadu's Tirpur for defacement of public property

    The Tirupur rural police registered two cases of violation of the election model code of conduct. In Palladam, G Saravanan of Sulur was booked for erected a flex banner without permission. The FIR says he was booked for disturbing the public during election. Whereas, the Vellakoil police booked MDMK cadre for writing on a public wall. Both the cases were registered under sections of the Tamil Nadu Open Places (Prevention of Disfigurement) Act, 1959, The Times of India reported.

  • 17:51 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Nearly 30 complaints of MCC violation received through cVIGIL app in Kannur

    Nearly 30 complaints of violation of MCC were received in Kannur district through cVIGIL, the mobile application of the Election Commission that allows the public to provide time-stamped proof of model code of conduct and expenditure violation. An official press release said that most of the evidence related to campaign posters, banners, columns, and graffiti displayed in violation of the code. Some of the complaints also included evidence from social media. Since social media-related complaints were not under the purview of cVIGIL, they were handed over to the officials concerned, the release said.

    According to The Hindu's report, District Collector Mir Mohammed Ali said that a complaint with proof, including photo, short video (less than two minutes), and a short note would be redressed in 100 minutes. Those who want to send complaints anonymously can do so by not giving their phone number, he added. 

  • 17:47 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Marathi serial with politician actor can run on private channel, does not violate MCC, says election officer

    A District Election Office in Pune decided not to stop Marathi TV serial Swarajya Rakshak Sambhaji, in which NCP candidate from Shirur, Amol Kolhe, plays the lead role, saying it “does not violate the poll code of conduct.” “Some people have demanded that the district election office should stop the serial. But we cannot stop it as it is being broadcast on a private channel and not on Doordarshan,” District Collector Naval Kishore Ram who is also the district election officer told The Indian Express. Ram added that Kolhe has not yet filed his nomination. “So he is not yet a candidate,” he said, adding that there is no code violation in this case.

  • 17:43 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | EC observer for Udupi-Chikkamagaluru constituency asks govt officials to register suo motu cases for MCC violation

    Mallikarjun Utture, the Expenditure Observer appointed by the Central Election Commission for the Udupi-Chikkamagaluru parliamentary seat, said on Wednesday that government officers should immediately suo motu register a case if there was any violation of the Model Code of Conduct. Utture said that the officers should act in such cases without waiting for the public to lodge a complaint. The officers should maintain a tight vigil to see that there was no violation of the Model Code of Conduct during campaigning by political parties. The different teams and squads appointed for election purposes should ensure that there was no effort being made to induce or influence the voters.

  • 17:40 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Kerala Congress accuses LDF of misusing govt machinery for election campaign of Pathanamthitta candidate 

    The Kerala Congress has accused the Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Democratic Front of misusing the government machinery for the election campaign of party candidate Veena George in Pathanamthitta. In a statement on Thursday, District Congress Committee president Babu George alleged that the LDF was violating the poll code of conduct with the knowledge and support of the chief minister and George.

    In a complaint filed before the District Collector who is also the District Electoral Officer on Thursday, the DCC chief alleged that the LDF has been forcing the women attached to the Kudumbashree Mission and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme to attend the ‘women’s parliament’ programme of the LDF poll campaign. The officials even threatened the women who refused to attend such poll campaign programmes, he alleged. He also accused the ruling CPM of encroaching upon public places for the party candidate’s poll campaign. The DCC chief also sought the Election Commission’s intervention to remove all photographs and posters of George from the waiting sheds constructed using government fund. The DCC president alleged that the misuse of power by the LDF candidate, who is also the local MLA, amounted to the violation of poll code, The Hindu reported.

  • 17:35 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Kerala Police using a three-pronged method to curb poll-code violations

    The Kerala Police has been pressed into action to check model code of conduct violations, including use of methods like hiring goons to influence voters. Police said the action of city police against the backdrop of elections would be on three fronts. “A clampdown on antisocial elements would be the first step and Operation King Cobra, which is already going on, would ensure this. By this action, we are trying to ensure that goons are not hired by anyone to intimidate voters,” said deputy commissioner of police (DCP) J Himendranath. The second front is swift and thorough vehicle checking to prevent smuggling. “There is a possibility of liquor, cash and even drugs being smuggled to influence voters. We would be on high alert and vehicle checking would be done vehemently to curb such practices,” said the DCP. “Apart from checking during peak traffic hours, it will continue in night hours as well,” said police. Officers said that the third front would be explosives and arms sector. “Apart from sportspersons and security agencies, who could be allowed to handle weapons, others who are in possession of arms would have to hand it over to the agency concerned. Police would facilitate this by conducting checks in armouries and by assisting the district administration,” said the DCP.

    The police would act as facilitator to the Election Commission (EC) whenever a model code of conduct violation happens. “If the violations are cognizable we will register a case and take action. In other cases, we would act as an enabler to the EC,” said the DCP. Police would act in coordination with the EC whenever a rule violation like using illegal posters and illegal use of loudspeakers happens during campaigning, The Times of India reported.

  • 17:32 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | 34 cases of poll code violations reported so far in Karnataka's Udupi 

    Deputy Commissioner of Udupi Hephsiba Rani Korlapati said that as many as 34 cases of violation of election model code of conduct were reported in the district so far. “Also, 5,429 litres of alcohol valued at Rs 17.68 lakh and Rs 1.50 lakh unaccounted cash was seized,” the deputy commissioner told media persons. "The district election office is receiving complaints through cVigil app. Voters helpline and ‘Chunavana’ App are also available for lodging complaints,” she added. 

  • 17:19 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Three FIRs each against AAP, BJP so far for violating MCC in Delhi; 29 against all political parties

    Twenty-nine FIRs have been registered against various political parties in Delhi so far, including three each against the AAP and the BJP, for violating the model code of conduct, Delhi's chief electoral officer said on Wednesday. Special CEO Satnam Singh said that the poll body has also removed more than 1.8 lakh hoardings, banners and posters since the enforcement of model code of conduct. Of the three FIRs registered against the AAP, one is related to using auto rickshaw for election campaign, Singh said. In most of the 29 cases, FIRs were registered against political parties for defacing public property, he said. Singh said 91 FIRs have been registered and 112 people arrested under the Arms Act since March 12 while police have seized 99 unlicensed weapons from them. As many as 296 FIRs have been registered and 302 violators arrested under the Excise Act, PTI reported.

  • 17:15 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | DMK files complaint against Tamil Nadu minister D Jayakumar for promising financial grants to voters 

    The DMK lodged a complaint with Tamil Nadu chief electoral officer Satyabrata Sahoo against Tamil Nadu fisheries minister D Jayakumar, alleging that the latter had promised to give 1,500 each per month to below the poverty line families if they voted for the AIADMK. DMK legal wing secretary R Girirajan submitted a petition to the CEO demanding action against Jayakumar as what the minister said was in violation of the model code. "He clearly said if vote is in favour of the AIADMK and two leaves symbol, people will get Rs 1500 every month," said the petition. The minister's promise amounts to bribing voters, he said. Ministers are prohibited from announcing any financial grant when the model code is in force. "Jayakumar is not a candidate, but a minister. He cannot make such announcements to induce voters. Necessary action must be taken against him," said the DMK leader.

  • 17:11 (IST)

    21 March, Thursday | Prakash Raj booked for violating MCC, was fetching votes at a public event, says complaint 

    In a complaint to the police on 19 March, a flying squad official for the 163 Vidhana Sabha constituency, stated that actor-turned-politician Prakash Raj had used a mike and campaigned for elections at a public rally held at the Mahatma Gandhi Circle near MG Road on 12 March. The rally was organised by one Praveen K and Abhilash CS under the banner Media and Freedom of Expression and it was a non-political programme. Several writers, artists and activists attended the programme where Prakash Raj used the mike and began to canvass seeking votes, Murthy stated in his complaint. A whatsapp video footage as evidence of Raj speaking on the mike was handed over to police. However, by the time the flying squad reached the spot, the programme was over and people had dispersed. Permission was taken to conduct a non-political programme but Raj used it as a platform canvassing for the election. This amounts to violation of the model code of conduct, Murthy said in his complaint.

    The Cubbon Park police have booked Praveen, Abhilash and Raj under various sections of the Representation of People's Act and also under the Karnataka Police Act.

  • 17:02 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | TMC lodges complaint against BJP for publishing Narendra Modi's photo on railway tickets

    A Trinamool Congress (TMC) delegation comprising Derek O'Brien, Sukhendu Sekhar Ray, and Chandan Mitra approached the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Tuesday to lodge a complaint against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) regarding an alleged violation of the Model Code of Conduct. The TMC claimed that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s photo was being published on railway tickets as part of a government scheme, which, the party said, was in violation of the MCC. It urged the poll body to ensure that the pictures were taken off rail tickets.

    Earlier in March, a BJP delegation comprising Ravi Shankar Prasad, JP Nadda and others had urged the EC to declare Bengal as a ‘super sensitive zone’ while expressing apprehensions that the ruling TMC government might not allow free and fair elections to be held in West Bengal.

  • 14:42 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | AP CEO issues 89 notices for MCC violations on social media

    Andhra Pradesh's chief electoral officer (CEO), Gopal Krishna Dwivedi, said that 89 notices have been issued over MCC violations on social media thus far. Out of the 89 notices, 48 notices have been served to TDP, 30 to YSRCP and 11 to JSP.

    He said that this is the first time where social media is being observed for MCC violations.

    "There are 3,635 cVIGIL teams functioning in all 175 Lok Sabha constituencies in the state. Till now, 1,304 complaints have been recorded through cVIGIL, and all of these except 22 have been resolved," he said. The CEO further said that since 10 March, the police have registered 220 FIRs and have seized cash worth Rs 239,89,135, gold 8 kg, silver 22 kg, 1,043 liquor bottles, two vehicles, 33 kg ganja, and 324 sarees.

  • 14:37 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | Shashi Tharoor accuses BJP, Sabarimala Karma Samithi of trying to thwart free and fair polls

    Shashi Tharoor on Wednesday wrote to the chief electoral officer (CEO) or Kerala in order to "file a complaint in relation to the malicious attempt by BJP and the Sabarimala Karma Samithi to vitiate free and fair polls in Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha constituency."

    He said that they did so "by publicising materials in a bid to appeal to religious sentiments of voters."

  • 11:38 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | EC issues showcause notice to Babul Supriyo for poll code violation

    The Election Commission on Tuesday issued a showcause notice to BJP leader and Union minister Babul Supriyo for violating the MCC. The notice is related to a campaign song, which Supriyo allegedly promoted on electronic media and social media sites without a media certification from the EC. The Trinamool Congress had also registered a complaint against the song with the EC

    West Bengal Chief Electoral Officer Sanjay Basu said, ''We are keeping a close watch on media and through the surveillance, we came to know of the election campaign song of Babul Supriyo... This is a violation of the Model Code of Conduct. We have issued a showcause notice to Babul Supriyo. He has to reply to the notice within 48 hours."

    The BJP leader claimed he had not made the music video, and that media houses had covered it while he was recording of the song, WION reported.

  • 11:32 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | BJP moves EC against AAP for allegedly burning party's 2014 manifesto

    The Delhi BJP on Tuesday filed a complaint with the Chief Electoral Office in the city, seeking action against the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) for allegedly "indulging in violent acts" and violating the MCC. The BJP claimed AAP leaders, including Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, had burned copies of its 2014 manifesto on 13 March.

    The saffron party claimed APP had burned the manifestos to attack the BJP on the issue of full statehood to Delhi. "AAP leaders violated the MCC by either not seeking permission for such events from the Election Commission, or they sought permission for election meetings from the EC and misused this permission to violate the MCC by burning BJP's manifesto," read the letter written by SN Verma, co-convener of Delhi BJP's legal department.

  • 11:27 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | Kerala BJP accuses Shashi Tharoor of violating MCC, Congress leader denies allegation

    The Kerala BJP on Tuesday complained to the Chief Electoral Officer in Thiruvananthapuram, claiming that the posters put up by the Congress related to MP Shashi Tharoor's book Why Am I A Hindu violated the Model Code of Conduct (MCC).

    "The very title of the book and its display on the election poster is an open declaration by the candidate that he is Hindu. This is a subtle attempt aimed at exploiting Hindu religious sentiments. This is a gross violation of election rules and the Model Code of Conduct. Significantly, the poster was published and publicised after the election notification," the BJP's complaint read.

    Tharoor, however, found the BJP's complaint amusing and tweeted: 

  • 11:21 (IST)

    20 March, Wednesday | Maharashtra citizens lodge 400 poll code violation complaints via cVIGIL app

    The Maharashtra Chief Electoral Office has received as many as 400 complaints of MCC violations through its cVIGIL app, an official said Wednesday. "The local team gets an alert once the complaint is lodged, and our people reach the spot and verify the details. If the complaint is valid, we record the details and initiate an inquiry," the official added.

    The highest number of 85 complaints were received from Pune, followed by Thane (61), Solapur (44), Mumbai suburban (40), Mumbai city (39) and Nagpur (26). Most of the complaints pertained to banners being put up without permission, the official said.

    PTI

  • 11:18 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | BJD accuses BJP of shifting Railway Electrification Board unit from Bhubaneswar to Bengaluru after 10 March

    BJD accused BJP of violating the Model Code of Conduct by allegedly shifting the Railway Electrification Board unit from Bhubaneswar to Bengaluru on 13 March after the announcement of the Lok Sabha election dates. A BJD delegation led by vice-president Badri Narayan Patra submitted a memorandum to Chief Electoral Officer Surendra Kumar. The delegation which also included party spokesperson Sasmit Patra alleged the BJP is trying to impress the voters of Karnataka through the move. 

    The BJD vice president said: "The Model Code of the Conduct has been in force since 10 March. Unfortunately, the Central government took a decision to shift the Railway Electrification unit from Odisha to Bengaluru. This is a decision they should not have taken after the MCC came into force. This is a clear-cut violation of the MCC and that is what we wanted to bring to the notice of the CEO," he said. "It is the time for the Election Commission of India to act on this and ask the government to roll it back," he said.

    BJD spokesperson Sasmit Patra said: "The violation of MCC is a matter of grave concern. We hope that EC will take note of the issue and stop it immediately." 

  • 17:27 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | Gujarat Congress files complaint against Vijay Rupani for holding 'election meetings' at his residence

    The Gujarat Congress on Monday complained to the election authorities that BJP had violated the model code of conduct by holding meetings of its parliamentary panels at the Chief Minister Vijay Rupani's official residence.

    "The CM's official residence is a government building. Political activities are not allowed there when the model code of conduct is in force. BJP's meetings of 17 and 18 March for selection of candidates (for Lok Sabha elections) at the chief minister's residence are a violation of the code of conduct," Balubhai Patel, chairman of Gujarat Congress' election coordination committee, said in a complaint to the state's Chief Electoral Officer S Murali Krishna. Following the complaint, the CEO office directed the Gandhinagar collector to look into the matter and to submit a report.

    However, state BJP president Jitu Vaghani dismissed the complaint and said that there was no violation of the code of conduct. "The chief minister has certain rights. Election campaigns are not allowed (from government buildings), but it is his residence. Chief Minister's security... everything has to be considered. We are meeting and having discussions at the CM residence. Campaign or speeches are not being done," he said, according to a DNA report.

  • 17:20 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | Baramulla DC rescinded transfer orders issued by assistant commissioner after MMC enforcement

    Deputy Commissioner of Baramulla on Monday rescinded transfers ordered by the district’s assistant commissioner in violation of the model code of conduct, after the state government questioned the reshuffle affected despite standing directions. “The reply in this matter should be submitted within two days,” the order reads.

    The Jammu and Kashmir government has asked assistant commissioner of Baramulla to explain the transfers of employees in rural development department defying rules. The official heading the rural development department in the district ordered reshuffle of village level workers (VLWs) and other employees working in different blocks, on 8 and 9 March. The order issued by ACD Baramulla stated that the transfers were affected in view of the upcoming parliamentary elections. However, the move was questioned as it came in violation of the government directions mandating transfer of employees by third week of February.

    “The reshuffle was ordered a day before Model Code of Conduct (MCC) was imposed in the state. Block development officers were in a catch-22 situation about relieving their secretary panchayats,” an official said. The official said the block development officers (BDOs) can’t afford to relieve the existing staff as it would impede completion of the ongoing works and submission of bills to the government treasury.

  • 17:19 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | EC calls on social media platforms to ensure MCC violation doesn't take place through online networks

    After last week's takedown notification to Facebook, the EC called all social media platforms including Google, Twitter, Whatsapp, ShareChat and Tiktok for a meet to discuss over their violative social media content, ad policy and response time over complaints on Tuesday. The meet comes in wake of confusion over EC’s first takedown notice to Facebook regarding a Model Code of Conduct (MCC) violation on 13 March.

    EC had asked Facebook to remove two political posters with Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s photograph, shared by BJP leader and Delhi MLA Om Prakash Sharma. In response, Facebook demanded a specific legal provision to remove the posters, which has led to confusion over EC’s notifications.

    Removal of content is very, very sensitive for intermediaries, therefore we want a legal order that cites a legal provision. That will help us do two things, Subho Ray, President of the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), told The Indian Express. The IAMAI is representing Facebook, Twitter, Google, WhatsApp and ShareChat in coordinating with the EC for evolving a ‘Code of Ethics’ for their platforms.

    Two months ago, studying the impact of social media influence during the silence period, an EC committee chaired by Deputy Election Commissioner Umesh Sinha had recommended that no intermediary shall host any political advertisements without the prior approval of MCMC Committee.

  • 17:14 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | Complaint filed against KCR by Telangana Congress for 'forcing' Opposition MLA, sons to join TRS

    A delegation led by Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee (TPCC) Election Commission Coordination Committee convenor G Niranjan complained to the CEO on MCC violation by Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao​. KCR had invited Congress leader and former home minister Sabitha Indra Reddy and her sons to his camp office on 13 March for deliberations and reportedly influenced them to joins TRS. "... We request you to take stringent and stern action against the chief minister to ensure such kind of violation does not take place in future and implement the Model Code of Conduct in letter and spirit, Congress' letter read.

  • 17:03 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | 24x7 helpline, online portal, vigil app launched in Bhubaneswar to tackle complaints of MCC violation

    In order to put a check on the poll irregularities and other malfunctions ahead and during the Lok Sabha elections, a 24x7 control room was opened at the office of the Chief Electoral Officer in Bhubaneswar on Friday. The control room would monitor activities like poll irregularities, model code of conduct (MCC) violation, and other violations such as the distribution of illegal inducements, black money and hate speech. The CEO office has issued a number 0674-2395015 for this purpose. Based on these complaints, the control room will direct the concerned authorities which will then spring into action to check the violation, reports said.

  • 10:50 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | Case filed against Union minister Jayant Sinha

    The Ranchi district administration on Monday filed a poll code violation case against Union minister Jayant Sinha, who is an MP from Hazaribag. The case was filed on a complaint by the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha that wrote to Jharkhand Chief Electoral Officer L Khiangte, claiming that Sinha has used the convocation ceremony at IIM-Ranchi to publicise the BJP government's achievements, in gross violation of the Model Code of Conduct.

  • 10:36 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | CPM accuses Palladam AIADMK MLA of violation

    Opposition parties in Tamil Nadu on Monday accused Palladam AIADMK MLA A Natarajan of violating the Model Code of Conduct by inspecting a number of developmental projects in his constituency. They raised the issue at the all-party meeting organised by the district administration at the collectorate in Tirupur. CPM Tirupur district executive member N Gopalakrishnan also presented photos as evidence at the meeting. The District Revenue Office said it has yet to recieve a complaint.

  • 10:23 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | VHP seeks action against KCR

    The Vishwa Hindu Parishad has approached Telangana Chief Electoral Officer Rajat Kumar for action against Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao for allegedly violating the Model Code of Conduct by "defaming" Hindus during a public meeting. The group has handed over a memorandum to Kumar, in which it has claimed that KCR had made many derogatory and defamatory statements against Hindus and tried to flare up "religious tension".

    "In order to secure votes, Chief Minister Rao has used illegal means and made statements against the Hindus of this country. He tried his level best to flare up religious tension and instigate the people of other religions against Hindus," claimed the VHP in its memorandum.

  • 10:13 (IST)

    19 March, Tuesday | 90,937 posters, hoardings and banners taken down in Delhi

    Chief Electoral Office of Delhi Ranbir Singh said 90,937 posters, hoardings and banners had been removed from across the city on Monday. He added that 235 FIRs had been registered under the Excise Act and 242 people had been arrested for violating the Act.

    Also, four FIRs have been registered against political parties, including two against AAP and one against the BJP, for violating the Model Code of Conduct.

    Since the Model Code of Conduct came into effect on 10 March, the Delhi Police has also seized 82 unlicensed weapons, 2,113 live cartridges, 16,495 litres of illicit liquor and 94.337 kilograms of drugs.

  • 21:53 (IST)

    18 March, Monday | BJP registers complaint with EC against Pawan Khera for violating Model Code of Conduct

    The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Monday filed a complaint against Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera for allegedly violating the Model Code of Conduct (MCC).

    The BJP in its complaint has claimed that Khera, during a news channel's event, had stated that 'Modi stands for Masood Azhar, Osama, Dawood and ISI.'

    The BJP in its letter to the Chief Electoral officer has asserted that 'comparing Prime Minister Narendra Modi with dreaded terrorists is not only unparliamentary but defamatory and deplorable.'

    Calling it a blatant violation of the MCC, the BJP in its letter said: "Such speech amounts to a violation of the MCC. The MCC Manual 2019 under Chapter 4 Clause 4.4 prescribes no criticism of other parties or their workers on the basis of unverified allegations or on distortions."

    BJP has appealed to the Election Commission to take appropriate action under penal laws and election laws, for allegedly violating the MCC.

    On 16 March, Khera had said that 'Modi' stood for 'Masood, Osama, Dawood and ISI' during a television debate, a comment which the Congress leader is facing flak for.

    On 17 March, Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera had told ANI: "Whenever farmers of this country and unemployed youths ask tough questions to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, he hides behind terrorists and Pakistan’s intelligence agency ISI."

    ANI

  • 18:19 (IST)

    16 March, Saturday | AAP complains to EC over 'harassment' of call centre owner on 'BJP's behest'

    The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) on Friday complained about the alleged harassment of the owner of a call centre by the Delhi Police on the "behest of BJP." The call centre was alleged to be hired by AAP to "help people whose names were allegedly stuck off the voters' list," ANI reported.

    An AAP delegation lead by Delhi deputy chief minister Manish Sisodia met EC officials urging them to ‘suspend’ three Delhi Police officials whom he accused of ‘working on behalf of BJP’ “As per BJP’s directions, names of 24 lakh voters were stuck off voter list. We launched a campaign to get their name re-registered in the voter list. Delhi Police acting on behest of BJP has been raiding the call centre with whose help we did this campaign,” Sisodia said. “Delhi police is threatening the owner of the call centre that if you work for AAP, we will make you fall in line,” Sisodia claimed.

    “It is the duty of the EC to conduct a fair election and protect democracy. The threatening by Delhi Police is still continuing even after MCC has come into force. The Delhi Police is acting like BJP’s goons. We have asked that it should be stopped,” he added. “They (call centre) are not doing something proxy. AAP has hired them. AAP has an agreement with them,” Sisodia clarified.

  • 18:08 (IST)

    16 March, Saturday | Agriculture director in Kashmir issues order to relieve officials in predate to supersede transfer orders violating MCC

    Two days after the Kashmir News Service reported major violation of Model Code of Conduct (MCC) by the Director Agriculture Kashmir in the implementation of transfer orders of several officials issued with the consent of the election commission, the DAK in supersession of his own order, issued an order for relieving of transferred officials in predate which was circulated only on Friday after advisor to Governor and a memeber of the agriculture department, Skandan Kumar intervened.

    The order issued for immediate relieving of officials reads as under, “In supersession to this office letter no agri/estt/gaz/5465-95, dated 09-03-2019, I am directed to seek compliance report from the officers posted at various positions vide government order no 61 agri of 2019, dated 01-03-2019, no 62-agri of 2019, dated 01-03-2019 and no 63 agri of 2019, dated 01-03-2019. Any non-compliance from any of the officer shall be his personal responsibility and action under rules shall be initiated against the delinquent officers under rules in vogue.” 

  • 16:18 (IST)

    16 March, Saturday | BJD claims BJP pushing EC to stop KALIA funds from reaching farmers in Odisha

    The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) on Saturday wrote in a letter to the Odisha Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) that the state BJP has been "pressurizing the Election Commission to stop the flow of Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) funds, to over 20 lakh farmers in Odisha."

    "The party should not be allowed to stop it," the BJD wrote in its letter.

  • 13:28 (IST)

    16 March, Saturday | Haridwar mayor Anita Sharma issued notice for displaying name on e-rickshaw

    An assistant returning officer of Vidhan Sabha constituency 25, Jagdish Lal, has issued a notice for violation of the Model Code of Conduct on the mayor of Haridwar Municipal Corporation, Anita Sharma, reported Daily Pioneer.

    The notice issued to her states she had displayed her name in a poster on an e-rickshaw on which she travelled across city, on 14 March, reported ANI.

    The notice also stated that comments on other political parties had been visible on boards put up along the sides of the e-rickshaw. 

  • 11:20 (IST)

    16 March, Saturday | Jharkhand CM's posters in schools violating MCC, alleges AAP's East Singhbhum wing

    The Aam Aadmi Party's East Singhbhum wing) has written to the deputy commissioner of the Election Commission, alleging that posters of Jharkhand chief minister Raghubar Das were seen inside school campuses in the district, reported Times of India.

    Das's photographs allegedly appear on posters of schemes like the mid-day meal. The party also told the newspaper that tablets distributed to teachers under the Gyansetu initiative have Das's photograph on display and alleged that this too was a violation of the model code of conduct.

  • 21:22 (IST)

    15 March, Friday | Congress urges EC to ban biopic on Modi during Lok Sabha election phase

    The National Students' Union of India – Goa, the Congress party's student wing, on Friday urged the Election Commission to ban the release of the Narendra Modi biopic, alleging that the movie was “propaganda by the BJP to influence” voters during the Lok Sabha elections.

    The NSUI demands a ban on the movie 48 hours prior to voting which is known as election silence where a party is not allowed to promote or campaign.

    In a letter, the Goa NSUI president has said, “The NSUI, Goa writes to you demanding: ban of the movie in theatres in states during the 'election silence' period that is two days prior to the day of voting and ban of the movie in the Lok Sabha Constituency where the prime minister would be contesting.”

    ANI

  • 20:06 (IST)

    15 March, Friday | Tamil Nadu govt orders inquiry on Chennai college approving Rahul Gandhi's interactions with students

    The Tamil Nadu government has ordered an inquiry on how a college in Chennai gave its nod for Congress president Rahul Gandhi to interact with its students when the Model Code of Conduct is in force.

    The Director of Collegiate Education, R Sarumathi directed a subordinate official to inquire "immediately" on the matter and submit a report, official sources told PTI.

    In a communique to the Regional Joint Director, Chennai Zone, the director pointed out that in view of the Lok Sabha elections the MCC was in force and under such circumstances sought to know "how permission was granted" by the college for the event.

  • 20:03 (IST)

    15 March, Friday | Over 63,000 public hoardings, banners and posters removed in Delhi

    More than 63,000 public hoardings, banners and posters carrying images of party leaders or any political references have been removed in the city in accordance with the model code of conduct for the general elections, officials said.

    "In 72 hours from the time of the announcement of election dates, 63,449 hoardings, banners and posters have been removed from various public places," according to data shared by the office of the Delhi's Chief Electoral Officer (CEO).

    Officials at the CEO's office said, "As many as 30,533 such publicity material have been removed from areas falling in the jurisdiction of the New Delhi Municipal Council."

    From areas under the three municipal corporations, the number of hoardings and other materials removed are: 4,945 under the North Corporation, 22,419 under the South Corporation and 3,141 under the East Corporation, officials said. In areas falling under the Delhi Cantonment Board, 2,411 hoardings and banner have been removed.

  • 19:59 (IST)

    15 March, Friday | Congress objects to hoardings of Modi at petrol pumps, railway stations

    A delegation of Congress leaders approached the Election Commission and sought its intervention in removing hoardings projecting achievements of the Narendra Modi government, claiming it as a violation of the Model Code of Conduct.

    "It has come to our notice that hoardings and advertisements featuring the prime minister and projecting his government's achievements are being displayed at public places and most notably petrol pump stations across the country despite the announcement of the schedule of the Lok Sabha elections."

    "The said display is not only in violation of the model code of conduct but also represent misuse of public funds and official machinery for campaign purposes," the memorandum submitted by the party leaders said.

  • 18:23 (IST)

    14 March, Thursday | Maharashtra Congress complains to poll panel over govt advertisements

    Congress registered it's first complaint MCC violation complaint with the Election Commission on Thursday. In Maharashtra, the party gave a written complaint to the chief electoral officer against government advertisements still displayed outside state transport buses, bus stops and petrol pumps. Congress general secretary and spokesperson Sachin Sawant said that despite the MCC coming into force, ST buses, bus stops and petrol pumps among other public places were displaying government advertisements. He said that the commission should ask the government about it and register a case of violation, and wrote a letter to the Maharashtra chief electoral officer (CEO) Ashwani Kumar for the same.

  • 18:19 (IST)

    13 March, Wednesday | BJP alleges Rahul Gandhi’s ‘unverified allegations’ against Narendra Modi violated MCC

    The Bharatiya Janata Party on Wednesday asked the Election Commission to take action against Congress President Rahul Gandhi for allegedly violating the Model Code of Conduct by making “unverified” allegations against Prime Minister Narendra Modi, ANI reported. Union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said, “We have requested the EC to take action against Rahul Gandhi for levelling unverified allegations against Narendra Modi on Wednesday in Ahmedabad, when the Model Code of Conduct is already in effect."

Model Code of Conduct Tracker: Karnataka Congress has asked the Election Commission to allow political parties to pre-view the biopic on Narendra Modi.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) on Thursday said that Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s interaction with students of a women’s college in Chennai did not violate the model code of conduct (MCC), though it has sought a report on his speech.

The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in Punjab, led by Leader of Opposition Harpal Singh Cheema, filed a complaint with the Chief Electoral Officer against cabinet minister Vijay Inder Singla for allegedly influencing voters of Sangrur by misusing his official position. Cheema alleged Singla had violated the model code of conduct by trying to induce voters by sanctioning funds worth crores for the repair of government schools.

Actor-turned-politician Prakash Raj was booked by the Cubbon Park Police for violating the Model Code of Conduct as he was accused of using a mike and campaigning for elections at a public rally held at the Mahatma Gandhi Circle in Bangalore on 12 March.

Trinamool Congress (TMC) delegation comprising Derek O'Brien, Sukhendu Sekhar Ray, and Chandan Mitra approached the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Tuesday to lodge a complaint against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) claiming that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s photo was being published on railway tickets as part of a government scheme, which, the party said, was in violation of the MCC.

Congress leader Shashi Tharoor on Wednesday wrote to the chief electoral officer (CEO) or Kerala in order to "file a complaint in relation to the malicious attempt by BJP and the Sabarimala Karma Samithi to vitiate free and fair polls in Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha constituency."

He said that they did so "by publicising materials in a bid to appeal to religious sentiments of voters."

The Delhi BJP on Tuesday filed a complaint with the Chief Electoral Office in the city, seeking action against the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) for allegedly "indulging in violent acts" and violating the Model Code of Conduct (MCC). The BJP claimed AAP leaders, including Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, had burned copies of its 2014 manifesto on 13 March.

Meanwhile, the Election Commission of India issued a showcause notice to BJP leader and Union minister Babul Supriyo for violating the MCC. The notice is related to a campaign song, which Supriyo allegedly promoted on electronic media and social media sites without a media certification from the EC. The Trinamool Congress had also registered a complaint against the song with the EC.

In Kerala, the BJP complained to the Chief Electoral Officer in Thiruvananthapuram, claiming that the posters put up by the Congress related to MP Shashi Tharoor's book Why Am I A Hindu violated the Model Code of Conduct (MCC). Tharoor, however, claimed they were not election posters.

Gujarat Chief Electoral Officer S Murali Krishna has ordered an inquiry after the Congress, on Monday, filed a complaint alleging that the BJP had violated the MCC by holding a meeting of the party's state parliamentary board at Chief Minister Vijay Rupani's official residence. The Congress pointed out that the chief minister's official residence in Gandhinagar is a government property, and no political activity is permitted from a government premises when the poll code is in force.

meanwhile, the Deputy Commissioner of Baramulla (Jammu and Kashmir) on Monday rescinded transfers ordered by the district’s assistant commissioner in violation of the model code of conduct, after the state government questioned the reshuffle affected despite standing directions.

On the other hand, after last week's takedown notification to Facebook, the EC called all social media platforms including Google, Twitter, Whatsapp, ShareChat and Tiktok for a meet to discuss over their violative social media content, ad policy and response time over complaints on Tuesday. The meet comes in wake of confusion over EC’s first takedown notice to Facebook regarding a Model Code of Conduct (MCC) violation on 13 March.

A delegation led by Telangana Pradesh Congress Committee (TPCC) Election Commission Coordination Committee convenor G Niranjan complained to the CEO on MCC violation by Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao for inviting Congress leader and former home minister Sabitha Indra Reddy and her sons to his camp office on 13 March for deliberations and reportedly influencing them to joins TRS.

BJD accused BJP of violating the Model Code of Conduct by allegedly shifting the Railway Electrification Board unit from Bhubaneswar to Bengaluru on 13 March after the announcement of the Lok Sabha election dates. Whereas, in order to put a check on the poll irregularities and other malfunctions ahead and during the Lok Sabha elections, a 24x7 control room was opened at the office of the Chief Electoral Officer in Bhubaneswar on Friday.

BJP’s Delhi unit wrote to the Election Commission to appoint special observers in mosques to prevent religion from influencing electoral outcomes. The BJP has squarely blamed the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) for polarising the voters on religious and caste lines and has stated that it is Arvind Kejriwal who has been “delivering many inflammatory and baseless statements to polarise votes, especially in Muslim dominant areas.”

The Ranchi district administration on Monday filed a case of Model Code of Conduct (MCC) violation against Union minister Jayant Sinha on a complaint by the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. In its complaint to Jharkhand Chief Electoral Officer L Khiangte, the party claimed that Sinha had used the convocation ceremony at IIM-Ranchi to publicise the BJP government's achievements, violating the poll code.

Meanwhile, the BJP on Monday filed a complaint against Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera for allegedly violating the MCC. In its complaint, the party claimed that Khera, during a news channel's event, had stated that 'Modi stands for Masood Azhar, Osama, Dawood and ISI.'

The Congress registered its first Model Code of Conduct violation complaint with the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Thursday. In Maharashtra, the party gave a written complaint to the chief electoral officer against government advertisements still being displayed outside state transport buses, bus stops and petrol pumps.

Show cause notices were issued to BJP's Chandigarh chief Sanjay Tandon, four BJP councillors, two nominated councillors and three officials of the Municipal Corporation Chandigarh on Wednesday for violating the model code of conduct. The notice asked the officials to reply within 24 hours as to why disciplinary action may not be taken against them.

In Arunachal Pradesh, the Nirjuli police under the supervision of Capital Complex Superintendent of Police Tumme Amo on Tuesday night seized Rs 15.6 lakh from undisclosed people for violation of the model code of conduct.

Bahujan Samaj Party's (BSP) Pratapgarh Lok Sabha constituency in-charge Ashok Tripathi was among 68 booked for poll code violation on Wednesday.

The ECI on Wednesday issued a notice to BJP's Jaipur MP Ramcharan Bohra and Rajasthan Congress' General Secretary Sunil Sharma for putting up posters in different locations across Jaipur depicting various operations done by the Indian Armed forces along with their own photos. It also asked both the politicians to file a reply within three days.

The Commission on Wednesday issued a show-cause notice to Delhi BJP MLA Om Prakash Sharma for putting up two posters featuring him, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and IAF Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman on Facebook. The Commission asked him to take down the post and give a reply by Thursday.

The Election Commission has asked all political parties to refrain from making reference to the armed forces during their campaign.

Meanwhile, on Tuesday, hoardings and banners containing the photographs of Prime Minister Narendra Modi were removed from petrol pumps in New Delhi on Tuesday following the enforcement of the Model Code of Conduct for Lok Sabha elections.

ECI on 10 March, 2019 announced the dates of the seven-phase upcoming Lok Sabha election scheduled to begin on 11 April. The results will be announced on 23 May. The last polling date is 19 May. With the announcement of the schedule, the Model Code of Conduct kicked in the very same day.

The ECI referred to its December 2013 letter in which it had "called upon all political parties to advise their candidates and leaders to desist from displaying photographs of defence personnel or photographs functions involving defence personnel in advertisements".

More than 820 million citizens will cast their votes across India this year. The number of eligible voters has gone up by more than five times since the first General Election. Voter turnout has also increased from 46 percent in 1951-52 to 66 percent in 2014. In the last election held in 2014, there were roughly 815 million, but just 550 million exercised their right to vote. Lok Sabha Election 2019 will see over 1.5 crore first-time voters. These voters in the age group of 18-19 years constitute 1.66 percent of the total electorate. Two-thirds of Indians are under 35 years of age.

Firstpost is now on WhatsApp. For the latest analysis, commentary and news updates, sign up for our WhatsApp services. Just go to Firstpost.com/Whatsapp and hit the Subscribe button.

Updated Date: Mar 23, 2019 20:22:02 IST

Also See