HIV therapy can keep partner from contracting the virus

Anti-HIV medications have the potential to suppress the viral load of people living with HIV and provide durable protection against heterosexual transmission, a study says.

IANS July 20, 2016 12:16:50 IST
HIV therapy can keep partner from contracting the virus

New York: Anti-HIV medications have the potential to suppress the viral load of people living with HIV and provide durable protection against heterosexual transmission, a study says.

HIV therapy can keep partner from contracting the virus

Representational image. AFP

The findings showed that a 93 percent reduction of HIV transmission occurred when the HIV-infected person started antiretroviral therapy or ART at a higher CD4 cell count -- a marker of good immune system health.

"The study confirms the urgent need to treat people with HIV infection as soon as the infection is diagnosed to protect their health and for public health," said lead author Myron S. Cohen from University of North Carolina in the US.

The results have helped to galvanise a worldwide commitment to a universal "treatment as prevention" strategy for combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic, with ART offered to all HIV-infected people, regardless of CD4 cell count, said the paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

For the study, which began in 2005, the team enrolled 1,763 HIV-serodiscordant couples — where one person was living with HIV and the other was not - at 13 sites in nine countries including India (Botswana, Brazil, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Thailand, the US and Zimbabwe).

Ninety-seven per cent of the couples were heterosexual. HIV-infected participants were assigned at random to start ART at the beginning of the study when their immune system was relatively healthy (called the "early" arm), or later in the study when they had immune system decline (called the "delayed" arm).

Updated Date:

Find latest and upcoming tech gadgets online on Tech2 Gadgets. Get technology news, gadgets reviews & ratings. Popular gadgets including laptop, tablet and mobile specifications, features, prices, comparison.

also read

Centre releases COVID-19 funds to 22 states, UTs as tally nears 20 lakh; Kuwait approves repatriation flights to India
India

Centre releases COVID-19 funds to 22 states, UTs as tally nears 20 lakh; Kuwait approves repatriation flights to India

Thursday was the eighth consecutive day when daily COVID-19 cases increased by more than 50,000, and fourth consecutive day India reported more cases than the US, the worst hit country in the world.

COVID-19 treatment: Study finds photodynamic therapy useful in treating secondary infections
Health

COVID-19 treatment: Study finds photodynamic therapy useful in treating secondary infections

A test against bacterial pneumonia resulted in zero deaths in a group who got photodynamic therapy while 60% of the control group participants died

Study of five lakh women hints at oestrogen, birth control pills offering some protection against COVID-19
science

Study of five lakh women hints at oestrogen, birth control pills offering some protection against COVID-19

This may explain the disproportionately higher numbers of severe COVID-19 cases in men of all ages and older women since the start of the pandemic.