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Who are the Hizbul Mujahideen? All you need to know

The Hizbul Mujahideen has claimed responsibility for the suicide attack on a paramilitary camp in Srinagar today. Two militants entered the camp dressed in cricket uniforms and killed five jawans.

Here is all you need to know about the militant group:

 Who are the Hizbul Mujahideen? All you need to know

CRPF personnel take evasive action during the gunbattle in Bemina, in Srinagar on Wednesday.  PTI

* Hizbul Mujahideen, which is believed to be the largest militant group operating in Jammu and Kashmir was founded by a former school teacher named Ahsan Dar in 1989. According to this Rediff report, he was trained in Pakistan, and "with detailed instructions he came back to Kashmir in 1990 to establish a "hard-hitting fighting organisation" to spearhead the freedom struggle."

* The current head of the organisation is Sayeed Salahudeen who is believed to be currently based in Pakistan. There are frequent reports of his activities in Pak-occupied Kashmir or in Northern Punjab.

* The Government of India has designated it a terrorist organisation, and it is on its list of banned groups. The state of Jammu and Kashmir also banned the group in 1996.

* The headquarters of the organisation is in Muzaffarabad, which is inside Pakistan controlled Kashmir. The outfit's first major strike is believed to be against the mirwaiz of Kashmir Moulvi Mohammed Farooq in 1990.

* The website of the organisation describes itself as "an indigenous, homegrown organisation which came into existence in 1989 as an armed resistance movement to remain at the back of the political movement for the attainment of right of self-determination promised to the people of Jammu and Kashmir by the international community, India and Pakistan in UN resolutions."

* In June 2012 in an interview, Hizb-ul-Mujahideen chief Sayeed Salahuddin accepted that Pakistan had been backing Hizb-ul-Mujahideen in its fight for an 'independent' Kashmir. He was so agitated with Pakistan's 'peace initiatives' with India that he threatened to turn on Pakistan if they stopped receiving support from the state. "We are fighting Pakistan's war in Kashmir and if it withdraws its support, the war would be fought inside Pakistan," he said.

* "Hizbul believes that the Indian leadership should recognise the ground realities accept the internationally recognized Kashmir dispute as the sore of all the troubles and demonstrate political will to address it," says the organisation's website.

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Updated Date: Mar 13, 2013 18:07:01 IST