The number of weight-loss surgeries in India has shot from 200 in 2004 to a whopping 20,000 in 2019
Late last month, the Obesity Surgery Society of India reported that there has been a 100-fold increase in weight-loss surgeries in India in just 15 years - clinical data show that the number of surgeries has gone up from 200 in 2004 to 20,000 in 2019.
During this period, the number of specialised bariatric surgeons has also increased from eight in 2003 to 450 now. New Delhi, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Maharashtra accounted for most of the bariatric surgeries so far.
Bariatric surgery or weight-loss surgery works by making the stomach smaller. Doctors usually prescribe this procedure for patients who are at high risk of getting obesity-linked chronic diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, joint pain, sleep apnea and heart disease. Sometimes surgeons also change the morphology (form) of the small intestine during the operation, increasing the risk of nutritional deficiencies in the body.
The consistent increase in bariatric surgeries parallels the trend of growing obesity. According to a recent survey — 'Prevalence of obesity in India: A systematic review' — published in the peer-reviewed journal Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome, more than 135 million people in India are affected by obesity.
Bariatric surgery is a treatment alternative for patients suffering from morbid obesity. On the website of one of America’s most well-known hospitals, Mayo Clinic, medical practitioners warn that gastric bypass — the most common type of bariatric surgery in the U.S. — is for people who have a body mass index or BMI or 40 or a disease such as type 2 diabetes in addition to a BMI between 35 and 35.9. (BMI is weight to height ratio.)
To put this in context, a woman who is 5 feet 6 inches tall would have to weigh over 112 kilos to qualify.
What is bariatric surgery
Rather than a quick gateway to weight loss, bariatric surgery is a serious medical procedure - usually, doctors suggest it after the patient has failed to lose weight by other means, such as physical exercise and diet control.
The surgery usually involves binding, stapling or removing a section of the stomach, so it can hold less food than before.
After the surgery, patients have to make some changes to their lifestyle. For example, they have to eat less. If the surgeon removes some part of their intestine as well as the stomach, then they can also develop problems like malabsorption syndrome.
“This is not a replacement for lifting weights in the gym if you are 5, 10 or 15 kilos overweight. Even if you say that the procedure rarely leads to complications like haemorrhages, leaks, gastroesophageal reflux disease; zinc, vitamin D and vitamin B deficiency are quite common in people who have had weight-loss surgery,” said Dr Shahnaz Zafar, a medical practitioner associated with myUpchar.com. “One has to take supplements for life,” she added.
Health articles in Firstpost are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health. To know more about the effects of obesity on health, please visit Obesity: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment.
The information provided here is intended to provide free education about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, treatment, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. If you believe you, your child or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself, your child, or anyone else without proper medical supervision. You acknowledge and agree that neither myUpchar nor firstpost is liable for any loss or damage which may be incurred by you as a result of the information provided here, or as a result of any reliance placed by you on the completeness, accuracy or existence of any information provided herein.
Updated Date: Sep 13, 2019 13:10:48 IST
Tags : Bariatric Surgery, Bariatric Surgery Side Effects, India Morbidly Obese, India Obesity, India Overweight, NewsTracker, Side Effects Of Weight Loss Surgery, Stomach Staple, Weight-Loss Surgery, What Is Bariatric Surgery
Coffee wars: What scientists have to say about the age-old debate over coffee and its impact on health
Here's what stress does to your body
Here are some Ayurvedic recommendations to keep diseases at bay during the monsoon season
This potentially path-breaking cure for breast cancer involves converting cancer cells to fat
Hypertension during pregnancy: Studies reveal an oral, inexpensive treatment for controlling BP
India's cancer burden of 2.25 million people is projected to double by 2040