New study claims that COVID-19 could cause thyroid disease in patients
In the research, published in Oxford’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, scientists reported that COVID-19 can lead to subacute thyroiditis.
By now, the scientists have confirmed that COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, caused by a coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) which enters the human body through the nose and mouth. Other than respiratory symptoms, people suffering from this infectious disease have also shown symptoms of other diseases such as gastrointestinal disease (diarrhoea), eye infection (conjunctivitis) and brain infections.
Recently, doctors have discovered a new thyroid disease in the patients affected by COVID-19 . In the research published in Oxford’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism on 21st May 2020, the scientists reported that COVID-19 can lead to subacute thyroiditis.
COVID-19 infection and thyroid disease: The case study
The author of the case study, Alessandro Brancatella, a PhD student at the University Hospital Pisa, believes that the case presented could be the first case of thyroid disease seen in a patient with COVID-19 . In this case, an 18-year-old woman was tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection after her father was diagnosed with COVID-19 at the University Hospital Pisa in Italy on 21st February. Though she was asymptomatic, her test came back positive and soon after, she started showing symptoms. When tested on 13th and 14th March, her test came back negative for COVID-19 infection.
However, on 17th March, she started presenting with fever, fatigue and radiating pain in her neck and jaw. When examined by the doctors, she had an increased heart rate and an enlarged thyroid which was painful on palpation. Her laboratory tests showed high levels of thyroid hormones, with increased inflammatory markers and white blood cell count. Her neck ultrasound showed a dense and solid area on both sides.
The results were surprising to the doctors as the woman’s thyroid functions and imagings were normal in the past month. Later the doctors diagnosed her with subacute thyroiditis and she was immediately given prednisone, a medication to reduce the inflammation. The symptoms of neck pain and fever vanished in two days and the patient recovered completely within a week.
Viral infections and subacute thyroiditis: The uncommon thyroid disease
Subacute thyroiditis is a thyroid disease which causes inflammation of the thyroid gland. There is no specified cause of this thyroid disease but very often it has been reported after an upper respiratory tract infection.
In the past, subacute thyroiditis has been reported in the cases of viral diseases such as mumps, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
A person with subacute thyroiditis presents with pain in the neck and jaw and abnormal thyroid function. The doctors use anti-inflammatory medications such as glucocorticoids to treat the condition.
For more information, read our article on Thyroid problems.
Health articles in Firstpost are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.
The information provided here is intended to provide free education about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, treatment, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. If you believe you, your child or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself, your child, or anyone else without proper medical supervision. You acknowledge and agree that neither myUpchar nor firstpost is liable for any loss or damage which may be incurred by you as a result of the information provided here, or as a result of any reliance placed by you on the completeness, accuracy or existence of any information provided herein.
COVID-19: Pause sale of captured wild animals in wet markets as emergency measure, WHO urges nations
The coronavirus' origins have been the source of intense speculation, much of it centred around the likelihood that it was carried by bats and passed to humans through an intermediary species
A haunting silence pervades cafes, restaurants in Greece as the country's second lockdown continues for six months
Restaurants, bars and cafes, whose nature it is to gather groups of people closely together, have remained shut since November when the Greek government imposed a second lockdown to curb the spread of COVID-19 infections
Over 780 mn COVID-19 vaccine shots administered globally, but pandemic far from over, says WHO chief
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus voiced concern that confusion, complacency and inconsistency in public health measures and their application are driving transmission and costing lives