Improving sperm quality with diet changes: Studies recommend intake of walnuts, almonds, leafy vegetables and fresh fruits

Millions of people in this world are infertile and this number is likely to rise with time. While much research has been done on female fertility, not much data is available yet on problems that lead to infertility in men

Myupchar November 10, 2020 21:25:08 IST
content powered by
Improving sperm quality with diet changes: Studies recommend intake of walnuts, almonds, leafy vegetables and fresh fruits

Representational image

Millions of people in this world are infertile and this number is likely to rise with time. While much research has been done on female fertility, not much data is available yet on problems that lead to infertility in men. As per the World Health Organisation, poor sperm shape and movement, low sperm count and problems in ejaculation are some of the possible causes of male infertility.

A person’s diet is one of the major factors suggested to be responsible for poor sperm quality. However, clinical trials have not been conducted yet to assess the effects of food and diet on the quality of sperms. Now, a new study published in the journal Andrology indicates that adding tree nuts including walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts to a regular western diet can improve sperm quality in men by affecting DNA methylation in specific regions.

A western diet or western pattern diet includes a high intake of saturated fats, proteins (majorly from fatty meats), refined grains, salt, sucrose, alcohol and reduced intake of fibre.

DNA methylation is an important process involved in impairing sperm quality. It involves the addition of a methyl group to specific locations on the DNA of the sperm and may lead to infertility.

While the study has provided first evidence on the benefits of nuts on sperm quality, this is not the only food that can help improve fertility in men.

Here are some more foods that are indicated to be good for sperm health.

Green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits

Leafy greens and fresh fruits contain antioxidants, coenzyme Q and lycopene, all of which are suggested to be linked with a higher concentration of sperm. A study including 250 men found that including more fresh fruits and vegetables in one’s diet can not only improve sperm concentration but also sperm motility.

Fish

Consumption of fish is suggested to be helpful in improving sperm motility. However, the evidence is a bit controversial. Some cross-sectional and case studies indicate that fish consumption does improve sperm morphology (structure) and have even found a dose-dependent relationship between the two. On the other hand, certain studies failed to find any effect of fish consumption on sperm quality.

Experts indicate that the omega-3 fats present in fish may be responsible for its beneficial effects on sperm health, if any. Though, in the absence of confirmatory evidence, nothing could be said for sure yet.

Fenugreek

Several studies indicate the benefits of fenugreek on sperm health, specifically the process of spermatogenesis (formation of new sperm). A study including 80 oligospermia (low sperm count) patients found that regular intake of fenugreek can improve sperm count within four months. In another study, a fenugreek-based supplement was shown to improve both sperm motility and sperm count.

However, excess consumption of fenugreek may lead to stomach issues and hypersensitivity. It is best to talk to your doctor to know more about the benefits and use of fenugreek for improving sperm quality.

For more information, read our article on How to increase sperm count

Health articles in Firstpost are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.

Updated Date:

also read

Monoclonal antibody drug Evinacumab can reduce LDL cholesterol in high risk patients, reveals study
Health

Monoclonal antibody drug Evinacumab can reduce LDL cholesterol in high risk patients, reveals study

Mild side effects of evinacumab include difficulty breathing and mild anaphylactic reaction, yet this drug is well-tolerated by most patients without any severe side effects

Allergens in face masks, especially elastics, can cause contact dermatitis, case study shows
Health

Allergens in face masks, especially elastics, can cause contact dermatitis, case study shows

The study mentioned above, however, notes the possibility of getting severe contact dermatitis reactions from certain allergens present in masks currently being used across the world

Coronavirus vaccine: Lancet study suggests Sinovac candidate is safe and effective in phase I and II trials
Health

Coronavirus vaccine: Lancet study suggests Sinovac candidate is safe and effective in phase I and II trials

CoronaVac is an inactivated vaccine (vaccine that contains a virus unable to cause disease) that had earlier shown positive results in mice, primates and rats by producing neutralising antibodies against SARS-CoV-2