U.S. stocks fell on Wednesday as fresh concerns over the impact of a slowdown in China on the global economy, a sharp fall in oil prices and heightened geopolitical concerns sent investors scurrying to safe havens.
The year got off to a shaky start on Monday after weak data from China triggered declines in global markets, with the Dow recording its worst first day of the year in seven years, and oil prices weakened further.
The People's Bank of China on Wednesday stepped in again to weaken the yuan further, raising fears that the country's economy was even weaker than had been expected.
Adding to investors' nervousness over the worsening global geopolitical situation was North Korea's announcement that it had successfully tested a hydrogen bomb.
Investors are also concerned over the pace of interest rate hikes in the United States and stretched valuations of companies at a time when the outlook for earnings growth looks bleak.
Despite the steep fall in the stock market, the S&P is still trading at 15.8 times forward earnings, compared with its 10-year median of 14.7, according to Thomson Reuters StarMine.
For the fourth quarter of 2015, 91 S&P 500 companies have issued profit warnings compared with 30 positive pre-announcements, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Market favorites such as Netflix, Amazon and Verisign, among others, have all fallen more than 5 percent since the start of trading this year, mainly due to profit taking in a dour market.
U.S. Federal Reserve Vice Chair Stanley Fischer told CNBC on Wednesday that the Fed did not know enough at the moment to comment on how many hikes there would be in 2016, but that four hikes were "in the ballpark" in his view.
"People are concerned that the Fed missed a window of opportunity last year and will raise rates at a time when the economy is slowing down," said Art Hogan, chief market strategist at Wunderlich Securities in New York.
Investors will get a clearer picture into the Fed's thinking when the central bank releases minutes from its Dec. 15-16 meeting, where it raised interest rates for the first time in nearly a decade. The minutes are expected at 2 p.m. ET.
At 12:34 p.m. ET (1734 GMT), the Dow Jones industrial average was down 213.84 points, or 1.25 percent, at 16,944.82, the S&P 500 was down 21.72 points, or 1.08 percent, at 1,994.99 and the Nasdaq Composite was down 46.28 points, or 0.95 percent, at 4,845.15.
All the 10 major S&P 500 sectors were lower, with the energy index's 3.33 percent fall leading the decliners. Oil prices, which fell more than 35 percent in 2015, slid a further 4 percent to 11-year lows.
Shares of oil majors Exxon and Chevron were down over 2 percent and weighed the most on the sector.
Data showed that private employers added 257,000 jobs, far ahead of the 192,000 increase expected by economists polled by Reuters. The data comes ahead of a more comprehensive non-farm payroll report on Friday.
Apple was down 2.2 percent at $101.45, a day after the Nikkei reported that the company is expected to cut production of its latest iPhone models due to mounting inventories.
Netflix jumped 4.9 percent to $113.00 after the video-streaming company announced plans to launch operations in 130 countries including India.
Chipotle fell 4.4 percent to $429.94 after the company said it was served with a grand jury subpoena in relation to a criminal investigation into a norovirus contamination at one of its restaurants.
Declining issues outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by 2,231 to 778. On the Nasdaq, 1,921 issues fell and 808 advanced.
The S&P 500 index showed one new 52-week highs and 34 new lows, while the Nasdaq recorded 21 new highs and 92 new lows.
(Reporting by Tanya Agrawal; Editing by Saumyadeb Chakrabarty)
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Updated Date: Jan 07, 2016 00:45 AM