By Robert-Jan Bartunek and Philip Blenkinsop
BRUSSELS Belgium's regions agreed to a free trade pact with Canada on Thursday, ending weeks of uncertainty when internal divisions in just one country blocked the European Union of 500 million people sealing the landmark deal.Prime Minister Charles Michel said the regions and linguistic communities had drafted a four-page addendum to the pact that answered their concerns. The text addresses fears that a system to protect foreign investors could let multinationals block new rules on the environment, labour rights or public services - specifying that the "investment protection" regime would not come into force during an initial period. It also has a safeguard clause to protect agriculture in the event of a "market imbalance"."As a unilateral Belgian declaration, Canada's approval will not be sought or needed," a source close to the talks said, indicating the path was now clear to finalise the deal.European Council President Donald Tusk gave the Belgian agreement to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) a cautious welcome."Only once all procedures are finalised for EU signing CETA, will I contact (Canadian) PM @JustinTrudeau," Tusk tweeted.Belgium's regional governments have until the end of Friday to consult their parliaments if needed, and ambassadors from other EU countries will also review the addendum.All 28 EU governments back CETA, which supporters say could increase trade by 20 percent, but Belgium's central government had been prevented from giving its consent because of objections led by the French-speaking Wallonia region.Wallonia, along with the capital Brussels and Belgium's groupings of French and German speakers, had opposed the deal for weeks, with fears about a flood of Canadian farm imports one of the main sticking points.
The premier of the Flemish region, Geert Bourgeois, said the original 1,598-page text of the trade deal stood."This (the addendum) is a clarification, the actual treaty does not change," he said.Canada has already agreed to a binding declaration to answer concerns raised by others, notably Austria, principally setting out the right of governments to regulate."POLITICAL HOSTAGE-TAKING"
Belgium will ask the European Court of Justice whether the investment protection system is in line with EU rules, with Wallonia still expressing reservations. Friends of the Earth described these as potential time bombs under the deal.EU trade commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom said the investment protection system did not yet exist and the EU and Canada still had time to set up a panel of independent judges to settle disputes. "We will have more time to do this," EU trade commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom told Reuters, adding: "We are quite confident that it is perfectly in line with European law."CETA could apply provisionally next year, assuming the European Parliament gives its backing. Its final implementation could take a few years, after all relevant national or regional parliaments have had their say.Supporters say the deal will boost the EU economy by 12 billion euros ($13 billion) per year and Canada's by C$12 billion ($9 billion) at a time of low growth. For Canada, it reduces reliance on the U.S. export market.
German trade groups said the CETA debacle should trigger a revamp of EU procedures, with clear divisions between what EU authorities could do alone and what needed member countries."This is not a victory for democracy. It is political hostage-taking," said BDI business association president Ulrich Grillo.Failure to strike a deal with such a like-minded country as Canada would have called into question the EU's ability to forge other deals and damage credibility already battered by Britain's vote to leave the bloc and disputes over the migration crisis.Canadian Trade Minister Chrystia Freeland, who walked out of talks in the Walloon capital Namur last Friday, had asked who the EU could do a deal with if not Canada."I'm sorry for all other Europeans and our Canadian partners that they had to wait, but what we managed to get here is important not just for Wallonia but for all of Europe," said Paul Magnette, Socialist premier of Wallonia.($1 = 0.9161 euros)($1 = 1.3368 Canadian dollars) (Additional reporting by Jeffrey Hodgson and David Ljunggren in Ottawa and Gernot Heller and Andrea Shalal in Berlin; Editing by Robin Pomeroy)
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Updated Date: Oct 28, 2016 00:15 AM