Leeds: Josh Hazlewood took five wickets as England were bowled out for just 67 on the second day of the third Test at Headingley on Friday to leave Australia on the verge of retaining the Ashes.
This was England's lowest Ashes total since 1948 and the fourth time in 18 months they had been dismissed for under a hundred in a Test.
Fast bowler Hazlewood took 5-30 in an England innings wrapped up inside 28 overs.
Ashes-holders Australia, looking to go 2-0 up with two to play in this five-match series — then strengthened their grip to be 171-6 in their second innings at stumps, a commanding lead of 283 runs.
Marnus Labuschagne, whose first-innings 74 was seven more than England managed between them, was 53 not out.
It was his third straight fifty of the series following his 59 in the second innings of the drawn second Test at Lord's after coming into the side as a concussion substitute for star batsman Steve Smith.
Hazlewood, speaking to BBC Radio's Test Match Special after stumps, said: "It feels pretty good, it didn't feel like a collapse, we just kept taking wickets and the scoreboard didn't move.
"When we woke up and there wasn't a cloud in the sky it looked like a batting day.
"We didn't do too much, just put the ball in the right areas and we took our chances."
A miserable day for England also saw captain Joe Root out for a duck on his Yorkshire home ground before he dropped a routine slip catch when Labuschagne had made 14.
England's woes were compounded after tea when rising star Jofra Archer — who had taken 6-45 in Australia's first-innings 179 — limped off midway through an over with cramp, although he did return to the field.
Labuschagne was dropped for a second time, on 42, when wicket-keeper Jonny Bairstow failed to hold a tough low chance diving to his right.
Earlier, Joe Denly, with 12, was the only England batsman to reach double figures.
By staging both the World Cup and the Ashes with a short turnaround between the two showpiece events, England had denied several batsmen first-class preparation for the very different demands of Test cricket.
By contrast, a number of Australians had appeared for English county sides — Labuschagne, the only batsman to so far score 1,000 first-class runs this season, was with Glamorgan — or featured on the Australia A tour of England.
England's Test batting problems, however, predate this season.
Friday's slump came after England had been dismissed for 58 by New Zealand (Auckland 2018), 77 by the West Indies (Bridgetown 2019) and 85 by Ireland at Lord's last month.
What made this latest rout all the more troubling was that the sunny conditions were far easier for batting than Thursday's grey skies that confronted Australia.
Jason Roy, given the poisoned chalice this season of being an England Test opener despite batting in the middle-order in First-Class cricket with Surrey, had made just 40 runs in four previous innings this series.
Root's second straight duck
He fell for nine in familiar fashion when he edged an intended drive off a wide Hazlewood ball to David Warner, holding the first of four catches at first slip.
Root was then out for a second-ball nought, following a golden duck at Lord's, when nicking a fine Hazlewood delivery to Warner.
Hazlewood had taken two wickets for no runs in three balls, with England 10-2.
Stokes had made an unbeaten 115 in the second innings at Lord's.
But the all-rounder gave his wicket away when he carved at a wide James Pattinson half-volley he could barely reach, with Warner holding a fast edge high above his shoulder.
Denly fought hard only for his 49-ball stay to end when caught behind following an inexplicably extravagant drive off Pattinson.
England were 54-6 at lunch, with Bairstow and Jos Buttler falling cheaply either side of the interval, before Hazlewood ended the innings when he clean bowled No 11 Jack Leach.
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The 31-year-old, who features for England in all three formats of the game, was thankful for the resumption of cricket in such testing times.
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