Hollywood studios turn to virtual production techniques due to coronavirus outbreak limitations
Virtual production can provide a viable solution during the coronavirus pandemic, and perhaps become a useful production technique moving forward.
Instead of shooting on location with a full cast and crew and navigating stringent social distancing requirements, it allows filmmakers on a studio lot to spread out individual scenes captured virtually using a variety of techniques.
Unlike a traditional “green screen,” the actor can see the background and cinematographers can match perspectives and camera parallax to look like a location shoot.
The Lion King visual effects supervisor Robert Legato calls the video wall and move toward virtual production a “game changer” that’s being embraced by necessity during the pandemic.
“It is something that was going to happen anyway. It just would have taken longer because there would be no need for it immediately. Some people, you know, are stuck in their ways,” the three-time Oscar winner said.
More than half of The Mandalorian scenes were filmed with the technology. Emmy-winning visual effects specialist Sam Nicholson says it represents a “natural evolution” in the Hollywood effects world, where new technologies have been embraced after past crises — including a clampdown on travel after the 11 September, 2001 terror attacks.
“We started taking shows like ER, Grey’s Anatomy and Walking Dead and saying, ‘Look, we don’t have to be on location to actually shoot there.’ It’s easier to bring the location to the production than the production of a location,” Nicholson said.
He believes the pandemic will move Hollywood “from the Cecil B DeMille era where ‘everything is real’ and going to more of a George Lucas era.”
“If you’re a producer, can you really afford to have your entire crew and actors go and be quarantined for two weeks before you start shooting?” he said.
Film production is just one of many industries that have had to adapt so people can go back to work in person.”
The Avatar sequels that recently resumed filming in New Zealand are also using virtual camera systems.
“We’ve been helping the Avatar folks for a while,” said Dave Hoffman of Blackmagic, an Australian company that makes cameras and video production hardware.
Director Thea Sharrock had to rely on virtual production to finish her latest film, Disney’s The One and Only Ivan, and she found the process “peculiar.”
“We had one extra element that we had to do with music that we had to deal with via Zoom, which was extraordinary and weird and peculiar not being in the room with people,” Sharrock said.
She added: “Doing what we do is all about collaboration. It’s all about being in a room with people, and that’s how you get the work done. That’s how you push projects forward. So, it’s very, very peculiar.”
Nicholson shares a similar feeling. While he understands these technologies can help resume production during the pandemic, he doesn’t see it as a complete substitute for returning to a normal workflow.
“It does represent a fundamental change in production towards the virtual realm where anything is possible. But by saying anything is possible, you still have to put the story up front. You still have to put the acting up front and use it as a supportive tool to put the wrapping on the story,” Nicholson said.
Still, virtual production can provide a viable solution during the pandemic, and perhaps become a useful production technique moving forward.
Actor Joseph Gordon-Levitt, who stars in the new Netflix film Project Power, agrees: “It’s about sort of finding a good pairing between the tech you’re using and the story you’re trying to tell,” he said.
Gordon-Levitt’s Project Power co-star Rodrigo Santoro has worked on visual effects-heavy productions including the 300 films and Westworld. He sees others in the industry open to adapting.
“The thing with the CGI, especially now during the pandemic, (is) that it’s teaching us so many lessons and so many things about how we can reinvent ourselves,” Santoro said.
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