India's top oil and gas producer ONGC has sent an SOS to the government seeking a cut in taxes as well as being granted pricing and marketing freedom for gas to help it weather the slump in prices that has made sustaining operations difficult and may force a cut in investments.
The slump in international oil prices to low-20s ($/barrel) and natural gas prices falling to a decade low of $2.39 per million British thermal unit is threatening to push the company into making cash-losses on a monthly basis, sources with direct knowledge of the development said.
While the gas price is way below the cost of production, high tax incidence is resulting in cash losses even on crude oil output.
State-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) last month wrote to the government seeking abolition of oil cess if price realised by producers is less than $45 per barrel. Also, it wants the 20 percent of price paid as royalty to state governments be halved.
Currently, the government levies 20 percent ad-valorem cess on the price that producers get. Also, ONGC/OIL are required to pay 20 percent royalty on the price of crude oil it extracts from onland oil blocks to the state governments.
Sources said ONGC wants the formula of pricing domestically produced natural gas at rates prevalent in gas-surplus nations such as US and Russia. The rates using the formula came to $2.39 per million British thermal unit from April.
This price is the lowest that the company will realise since 2010 when the government had moved towards deregulating gas pricing.
In May 2010, the Cabinet had approved an oil ministry proposal to raise the rate of gas sold to power and fertilizer firms from $1.79 per mmBtu to $4.20. The ONGC and OIL got $3.818 per mmBtu price for the gas they produced from fields given to them on nomination basis and after adding 10 percent royalty, the fuel cost $ 4.20 per mmBtu for consumers.
The Congress-led UPA government had approved a new pricing formula for implementation in 2014 that would have raised the rates but the BJP-led government scrapped it and brought a new formula.
The BJP-led government had in October 2014 adopted a formula that takes into account the volume-weighted annual average of the prices prevailing in Henry Hub (US), National Balancing Point (UK), Alberta (Canada) and Russia with a lag of one-quarter. Prices are set every six months -- on 1 April and 1 October each year.
Sources said OID cess, which has increased from $3 to $13 over the years, is causing a lot of stress on current and new oil and gas projects.
OID cess is levied on crude oil produced as excise duty under the Oil Industries (Development) Act of 1974. The cess is being levied on crude oil from nominated blocks and pre-NELP exploratory blocks only.
The OID cess was raised from Rs 2,500 per tonne to Rs 4,500 per tonne in March 2012. The price of the Indian basket of crude oil stood at around $110 per barrel then.
With the fall in global crude oil prices in mid-2014, companies asked for reducing the levy and converting it into 8-10 percent ad-valorem. The government had changed the levy of the cess to 20 percent ad-valorem in March 2016.
Sources said ONGC has communicated to the government that the current rate of taxes is threatening to push the firm into cash losses and will impact its planned capex.
Unless profits are made, future investments are at a risk, they said, adding ONGC fields are old and past their prime and it would be a "big, big mistake" to believe they would behave as they did a decade back without investments in pulling up recovery rates.
Sources said cutting the cess rate will make over 200 million barrel of oil equivalent of production viable at the entire industry level.
Updated Date: Apr 06, 2020 15:59:33 IST