Oil hits 2018 lows on emerging supply glut; Saudi Arabia pushes OPEC to cut sale to prevent surplus
Even an expectation that the OPEC producer group will start withholding supply in 2019 to rein in any glut provided little support, traders said.
Singapore: Oil prices slumped to 2018 lows on Friday in thin but volatile trading, pulled down by concerns of an emerging global supply overhang amid a bleak economic outlook.
Even an expectation that the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) producer group will start withholding supply in 2019 to rein in any glut provided little support, traders said.
International benchmark Brent crude oil futures hit their lowest since December 2017 at $61.52 per barrel, before recovering to $62.10 by 0430 GMT. That was still 50 cents, or 0.8 percent below their last close.
US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures slumped by more than 2 percent, to $53.35 a barrel, after coming within 5 cents of an October 2017 low reached earlier in the week.
Amid the plunge, Brent and WTI price volatility has surged in November to approach levels not seen since the market slump of 2014-2016 and, before that, the financial crisis of 2008-2009.
The divergence between US and international crude comes as surging North American supply is clogging the system and depressing prices there, while global markets are somewhat tighter — in part because of reduced exports from Iran due to newly imposed US sanctions.
Overall, however, global oil supply has surged this year, with the top-three producers of the United States, Russia and Saudi Arabia pumping out more than a third of global consumption, which stands at around 100 million barrels per day (bpd).
High production comes as the demand outlook weakens on the back of a global economic slowdown.
Oil prices have plunged by around 30 percent since their last peaks in early October, as global production started to exceed consumption in the fourth quarter of this year, ending a period of undersupply that started in the first quarter of 2017, according to data in Refinitiv Eikon.
Adjusting to lower demand, top crude exporter Saudi Arabia said on Thursday that it may reduce supply.
“We will not sell oil that customers don’t need,” Saudi energy minister Khalid al-Falih told reporters.
Saudi Arabia is pushing OPEC to cut oil supply by as much as 1.4 million bpd to prevent a supply glut.
The group officially meets on Dec. 6 to discuss its supply policy.
US bank Morgan Stanley said it saw “a far greater probability that OPEC reaches an agreement to balance the market in 2019” than not, adding that this would likely support oil prices “in the high-$50s, at least near term.”
The oil and gas company, which is nearly entirely state-owned by Saudi Arabia, said this sets a new quarterly earnings record for Aramco since it first floated around 5 per cent of the company on the Saudi stock market in late 2019
The RBI's rate-setting panel - the Monetary Policy Committee - will announce its bi-monthly review later in the day. Persistent foreign fund inflows into capital markets and softening crude oil prices boosted the local currency
FPIs turned net-buyers in July after nine straight months of heavy net outflows, starting from October last year. From October 2021 to June 2022, they sold a massive Rs 2.46 lakh crore in Indian share markets