MSP hike: Centre's bonanza means little to farmers as govt lacks storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce

The government announces MSP for most crops to set a benchmark, but state agencies mainly buy limited quantities of staples such as rice and wheat at those prices

Reuters July 06, 2018 08:34:41 IST
MSP hike: Centre's bonanza means little to farmers as govt lacks storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce

Mumbai/ New Delhi: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s pre-election gambit to sharply hike state-mandated prices for Summer crops, including rice, may mean little to millions of farmers, as the government lacks the storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce.

The median increase in the so-called minimum support prices (MSPs) approved by the government on Wednesday was 25 percent, compared with 3-4 percent in the first four years in office for Modi, whose bid for a second term next year is expected to be much tougher than his landslide victory in 2014.

The government announces MSPs for most crops to set a benchmark, but state agencies mainly buy limited quantities of staples such as rice and wheat at those prices, restricting benefits of higher prices to only around 7 percent of the country’s 263 million farmers, according to various studies.

MSP hike Centres bonanza means little to farmers as govt lacks storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce

Representational image. Reuters

Implementing the scheme in full would be expensive, economists say. The government’s fiscal deficit target for the current financial year, at 3.3 percent of GDP, is already under pressure due to high oil prices.

“With funding under stress, the government can’t widen the scope of agri purchases,” said Sanjay Mookim, India equity strategist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch. “And even if it does, there is no storage available and you can’t build storage in two-three months.”

The ministries of agriculture and food did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

The government said its limited purchases could cost it Rs 150 billion ($2.18 billion) this year, although industry officials say it is difficult to estimate actual spending, which depends on the quantity procured.

MSPs typically dictate crops that most farmers opt for, often leading to a glut of certain commodities, millions of tonnes of which have to be sold into a depressed local market at well below the cost of production, sparking angry farmer protests across the country.

MSP hike Centres bonanza means little to farmers as govt lacks storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce

What’s the use of a hike when we did not even get last year’s MSP?” asked Purshotam Sontakke from a village in Wardha district in the western state of Maharashtra, who sold soybean at 2,700 rupees per 100 kg in 2017, 11 percent below the state-set price.

A crash in farm commodity prices over the past few months has led to a waning of Modi’s popularity in the countryside - where more than two-thirds of India’s 1.3 billion people live - prompting the premier to invite a group of farmers to his residence last week and promise MSPs at 1.5 times of input cost.

He called the latest hike historic and said he was committed to do more for farmers. His stated goal is to double farmer’s income by 2022.

Lack of storage 

State agencies bought only 71 million tonnes of wheat and rice in 2017/18 out of 210 million tonnes produced. In the same year, the country produced hundreds of millions of tonnes of oilseeds and horticulture crops like onion and potatoes, which are not typically procured by the government.

The food ministry told parliament in March that the peak storage demand for food grains like rice and wheat was 60 million tonnes for the central pool, compared with a capacity of 73.5 million tonnes, 17 percent of which was open storage covered by plastic or other material.

The ministry says on its website that the government will add more storage capacity by 2020.

“Higher MSPs are welcome but there is inadequate public procurement at MSP, except in the case of wheat and rice,” said MS Swaminathan, a renowned agriculture scientist.

“This is clear from the experience of farmers who cultivated more pulses, on the expectation of procurement but were let down by a crash in market prices.”

MSP hike Centres bonanza means little to farmers as govt lacks storage and funds needed to buy most of the produce

Election pledge

During election campaigning in 2014, Modi promised steep hikes in MSPs and the doubling of farmers’ income soon after becoming prime minister.

But double-digit food inflation and a higher fiscal deficit forced him to raise MSPs only by low single digits over the past four years. This year’s hefty hike marked a major shift in the government’s approach.

But Harish Galipelli, head of commodities and currencies at Inditrade Derivatives & Commodities in Mumbai, said farmers sold below MSP even last year and were likely to do so again given piles of grains and sugar lying in private warehouses.

The below-MSP rates, however, are as much as 30 percent higher than global prices for some commodities like pulses, making exports uncompetitive, Galipelli added.

The latest hike will only widen the difference and hit India’s farm exports, which fell to $33 billion in 2016/17 from $42.6 billion in 2013/14, said the India head of a global trading firm who declined to be named citing company policy.

“The glut will only increase in the country with higher MSPs,” he said.

Updated Date:

also read

Directions came from PM Modi to re-examine, reconsider provisions of sedition law, says Kiren Rijiju
India

Directions came from PM Modi to re-examine, reconsider provisions of sedition law, says Kiren Rijiju

The government told the Supreme Court on Monday not to invest time in examining the validity of the sedition law as it has decided to reconsider the provisions by a ‘competent forum’

Off-centre | The Delhi Files-4: The ‘ideas’ of Modi that redefined India in 21st century
Politics

Off-centre | The Delhi Files-4: The ‘ideas’ of Modi that redefined India in 21st century

What Narendra Modi has gone through and accomplished for India is immensely poignant and deeply transformative

Senior Opposition leader told me becoming PM twice is enough, says Narendra Modi
India

Senior Opposition leader told me becoming PM twice is enough, says Narendra Modi

The prime minister was addressing via video link beneficiaries of Gujarat government's financial assistance schemes for widows, elderly and destitute citizens