GST: Cabinet may consider ordinance on cess hike to 25% on mid-size, large cars, SUVs tomorrow
Presently, large motor vehicles, SUVs, mid-segment cars, large cars, hybrid cars and hybrid motor vehicles attract a cess of 15 percent on top of 28 percent GST
New Delhi: The Cabinet meeting tomorrow is likely to consider issuing ordinance to increase the cess on mid-size, large cars and SUVs to 25 percent from 15 percent under the new GST regime.
Prices of most SUVs were cut between Rs 1.1 lakh and Rs 3 lakh following the implementation of GST, which subsumed over a dozen central and state levies like excise duty, service tax, and VAT from 1 July.
With the increase in cess, the cuts will be reversed.
"The ordinance is listed for consideration of the cabinet tomorrow," an official said here.
The GST Council, the apex tax rate setting body under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, had on 5 August approved raising cess on SUVs, mid-sized, large and luxury cars that had become cheaper post GST rollout on 1 July.
But raising the cess requires an amendment to the Schedule of section 8 of the GST (Compensation to a State) Act, 2017.
An ordinance is issued when Parliament is not in session to approve a legislation or change in a legislation. It has to be replaced with a proper legislation with the approval of Parliament within six months of its issuance.
Under GST, a cess was levied on demerit goods like cars, tobacco, and coal to create a corpus for compensating states for any loss of revenue from their taxes like VAT being unified with central levies like excise duty and service tax in the GST.
Cars attract the top tax rate of 28 percent. On top of this, a cess of 1 to 15 percent is levied for the creation of the state compensation corpus.
The official said that after the introduction of GST, the total tax incidence on motor vehicles (GST plus compensation cess) has come down when compared with the total tax incidence in the pre-GST regime.
To rectify the anomaly, the GST Council, headed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and comprising representatives of all states, had on 5 August recommended that the Central government move legislative amendments required for increasing the maximum ceiling of cess leviable on motor vehicles to 25 percent from present 15 percent.
Once the law is amended, the GST Council will decide on the date when the increased cess will be applicable, the official said, adding the next meeting of the panel is
scheduled to be held in Hyderabad on 9 September.
The highest pre-GST tax incidence on motor vehicles worked out to about 52-54.72 percent, to which 2.5 percent was added on account of Central Sales Tax, octroi etc.
Against this, post-GST the total tax incidence came to 43 percent.
So, to take the tax incidence to pre-GST level, the highest compensation cess rate required is 25 percent.
Presently, large motor vehicles, SUVs, mid-segment cars, large cars, hybrid cars and hybrid motor vehicles attract a cess of 15 percent on top of 28 percent GST.
Small petrol cars of less than 4 meters and 1,200 cc attract a cess of 1 percent, while small diesel cars of less than 4 meters and 1,500 cc engine attract a cess of 3 percent.
The Jeep Meridian will be based on the Jeep Compass, and is expected to carry over its petrol and diesel engines.
Goods and Services Tax collection in July 2020 was Rs 87,422 crore. Sequentially, it slipped below Rs 1 lakh crore mark to Rs 92,849 crore in June 2021