Exclusive: China offers to end market-distorting subsidies but won't say how

By Michael Martina and David Lawder BEIJING/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - China has pledged to end market-distorting subsidies for its domestic industries but offered no details on how it would achieve that goal, according to three people familiar with the U.S.-China trade talks in Beijing this week. China promised to bring all subsidy programs into compliance with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, the sources said, but U.S. negotiators reacted sceptically, in part because China has long refused to disclose its subsidies.

Reuters February 15, 2019 04:05:26 IST
Exclusive: China offers to end market-distorting subsidies but won't say how

Exclusive China offers to end marketdistorting subsidies but wont say how

By Michael Martina and David Lawder

BEIJING/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - China has pledged to end market-distorting subsidies for its domestic industries but offered no details on how it would achieve that goal, according to three people familiar with the U.S.-China trade talks in Beijing this week.

China promised to bring all subsidy programs into compliance with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, the sources said, but U.S. negotiators reacted sceptically, in part because China has long refused to disclose its subsidies.

Without knowing exactly how the Chinese government finances industries and state-run companies, any reform promises would be difficult to enforce, said the sources, speaking on condition of anonymity because the negotiations are confidential.

The sticking point between the world's two largest economies illustrates a core challenge in ending their seven-month trade war: Ensuring China's pledges will translate into concrete action.

In four days of talks this week in Beijing, progress has been difficult on U.S. demands for structural reforms, according to one of the sources briefed on the talks. In addition to curbs on state subsidies, U.S. negotiators are seeking measures to end the forced transfer of U.S. technology to Chinese firms and cyber theft of American trade secrets.

Spokespersons for the U.S. Trade Representative's office and the U.S. Treasury did not immediately respond on Thursday to requests for comment about the talks. China’s Commerce Ministry did not respond to a faxed request for comment.

The latest round of negotiations are expected to conclude on Friday with a meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and the top two U.S. negotiators, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin.

If the two sides cannot reach a deal by March 1, U.S. tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods are scheduled to rise to 25 percent from 10 percent.

Curbing China's state subsidies is a priority in the trade talks for U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, who has warned that America will have a sharply diminished economic future if China is allowed to continue its industrial policies and supplant U.S. dominance in high-technology industries.

Since China joined the WTO in 2001 it has failed in its obligations to report state subsidies, another of the sources briefed on recent trade talks said.

"What they offered to do was to actually take it seriously," the source said of China's recent promise to comply with those WTO requirements.

U.S. negotiators remain unconvinced, the source said.

"The Chinese are looking for ways to check the box and say, 'We are addressing your subsidy and industrial policy questions,' without changing their system," the person added.

A Chinese source briefed on the talks said that a general commitment by Beijing to make its subsidies WTO compliant was one feasible outcome of talks. But China does not keep a complete tally of all of its subsidies, the person said, making it unlikely that Chinese officials would agree to disclose a full list.

The United States and other Western economies have long complained to the WTO about China's lack of transparency on industrial subsidies, which they contend give Chinese companies an unfair advantage and lead to overproduction of goods that are dumped into world markets. The government finances companies in many ways, including state-directed lending, direct investments, tax breaks and local government incentives.

The United States, Japan and the European Union last year proposed that the WTO crack down on countries that fail to report subsidies that give domestic firms an advantage, a move that has gained followers including Argentina.

"The Chinese have provided no accounting of what everyone knows are massive, massive state subsidies, including through the largest state banking sector on the planet," said one of the sources familiar with this week's talks. "Chinese subsidies are constructed to obscure and obfuscate."

(Reporting by Michael Martina in Beijing and David Lawder in Washington; writing by David Lawder; editing by Brian Thevenot)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Updated Date:

TAGS:

also read

France, Germany to agree to NATO role against Islamic State - sources
| Reuters
World

France, Germany to agree to NATO role against Islamic State - sources | Reuters

By Robin Emmott and John Irish | BRUSSELS/PARIS BRUSSELS/PARIS France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.The decision to allow the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda."NATO as an institution will join the coalition," said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions. "The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States

China's Xi says navy should become world class
| Reuters
World

China's Xi says navy should become world class | Reuters

BEIJING Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for greater efforts to make the country's navy a world class one, strong in operations on, below and above the surface, as it steps up its ability to project power far from its shores.China's navy has taken an increasingly prominent role in recent months, with a rising star admiral taking command, its first aircraft carrier sailing around self-ruled Taiwan and a new aircraft carrier launched last month.With President Donald Trump promising a US shipbuilding spree and unnerving Beijing with his unpredictable approach on hot button issues including Taiwan and the South and East China Seas, China is pushing to narrow the gap with the U.S. Navy.Inspecting navy headquarters, Xi said the navy should "aim for the top ranks in the world", the Defence Ministry said in a statement about his visit."Building a strong and modern navy is an important mark of a top ranking global military," the ministry paraphrased Xi as saying.