By Michelle Nichols
| UNITED NATIONS
UNITED NATIONS The United States said on Thursday that in the coming days it would circulate to the 15-member United Nations Security Council a draft resolution to impose an arms embargo on South Sudan and further targeted sanctions amid warnings of possible genocide.Political rivalry between South Sudan's President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and his former deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer, led to civil war in 2013 that has often followed ethnic lines. The pair signed a shaky peace deal last year, but fighting has continued and Machar fled the country in July.Adama Dieng, U.N. Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, last week visited South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan in 2011."I saw all the signs that ethnic hatred and targeting of civilians could evolve into genocide if something is not done now to stop it. I urge the Security Council and member states of the region to be united and to take action," Dieng told the council.
"There is a strong risk of violence escalating along ethnic lines with a potential for genocide. I do not say that lightly," he said, urging the council to impose an arms embargo. Samantha Power, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, told the council that Dieng's warning should serve as a wake-up call. "None of us can say we did not see it coming," Power said.The U.N. Security Council has threatened to impose an arms embargo on South Sudan since 2013, but veto powers Russia and China are wary of whether such a move would make a difference as the country is already awash with weapons.
"An arms embargo is effective if there is a broad and robust commitment to its enforcement," Power told the council. The Security Council set up a targeted sanctions regime for South Sudan in March 2015, then in July blacklisted six generals - three from each side of the conflict - by subjecting them to an asset freeze and travel ban.
"Imposing new targeted sanctions designations will isolate the individuals who have consistently been responsible for the acts that have brought South Sudan to this moment and which have caused so much suffering," Power said. South Sudanese soldiers and rebels said on Thursday they had clashed in a state bordering Sudan, killing at least 15 people. (Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Editing by David Gregorio and James Dalgleish)
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